An Overview of Learner’s License in India

Acquiring a Learning License is the first step to towards getting the Driving license that allows you to drive in India. The learning license is issued by the Regional Transport Office (RTO) and acts as a provisional and restricted license.  

To get a Learner’s License, one must be familiar with rules and regulations related to road safety. It is issued to the candidate after passing an online test about road rules. It also allows you time to undergo training required to drive a motor vehicle. You must obtain a Learner’s License for the relevant class of vehicle before you can get a Driving License. You can practice driving with a person holding a permanent Driving License, only if you have a learner’s license.

Types of Learner’s License in India

For Personal Use

MC 50cc

For Motorcycles with engine capacity of 50cc or less

LMV–NT

For Light Motor Vehicle used for non-transport purposes

FVG

For Motorcycles of any engine capacity but with no gears, like Scooters and Mopeds

MC EX50CC

For Motorcycles with a capacity of 50cc or more, Motorcycles with gear and Light Motor Vehicles (LMVs) including cars

MCWG or M/CYCL.WG

For All types of Motorcycles including Motorcycle with gear

For Commercial Use

HGMV

For Heavy Goods Motor Vehicle

LMV–TR

For Light Motor Vehicle used for commercial purposes

HPMV

For All India driving permit for trucks and cars or open license/Heavy Passenger Motor Vehicle

LMV–NT

For Light Motor Vehicle for non-transport purposes

MGVF

For Medium Goods Vehicle

Eligibility criteria for Learning License

General

The Learner’s License applicant must be well versed with traffic rules & regulations. The applicant must have valid address proof and age proof documents.

Motorcycles without gear with up to 50cc capacity

The candidate must be at-least 16 years old. Consent from guardian or parent must be obtained.

Motorcycles with gear

The candidate must be aged at least 18 years.

Commercial Heavy Vehicles and Transport Vehicles

The candidates must have finished at-least 8th standard of schooling and must be at least 18 years old. In some states, the minimum age requirement is 20 years.

The fees for a Learner’s License are Rs. 150 for a class of vehicle. The applicants will have to make the payment at the time of submitting the documents and application form.

Details on Application Form

  • Fill your name, address, date and place of birth
  • Educational qualification
  • Nationality (original documents)
  • Blood group
  • Previous driving licenses (if any)along with the details
  • Driving school certificate (if required)
  • Medical test exemption (if applicable)
  • Declaration that particulars entered in the previous
    section are true, along with the signature of
    the parent/guardian of the applicant.

Documents

To apply for Learner’s License in India, the following documents will be required:

  • Address proof (any one document from the list given below)
    ○      Recent telephone or electricitybill
    ○      LIC Bond
    ○      Aadhaar Card
    ○      Passport
    ○      Ration Card
    ○      If you are resident of some othercity, then you can submit the House Rent Agreement with a copy of a recent utility bill, like electricity bill or gas bill as current address proof.
  • Age Proof (any document from the following list)
    ○      PAN Card
    ○      Birth Certificate
    ○      Transfer certificate from schoolwith date of birth . mentioned on it
    ○      10th standardmarksheet
    ○      Passport
  • Application Fees for Learner’s License
  • Passport-size photographs: at least 3 photographs
  • Medical Certificate: To be signed by a certified Government doctor (ifapplicable)
  • Form 1A
  • application form number 4: Completely filled (You can download the form from the state RTO portal or you can procure it from the nearest RTO office)

Application Process

Offline

Visit the nearest RTO and keep passport photographs handy. Any required forms can be downloaded online or can be directly taken from the RTO office.

Fill the application form completely and attach the photograph wherever applicable. Attach address proof and age proof documents along with it. Also, schedule a test by choosing a slot for Learner’s License.

Be there at the given time and date for Learner’s License test. Once you pass the test, the Learner’s License will be sent to your permanent address.

If you are learning driving under the guidance of a driving school, they should assist you in getting a Learner’s License.

Online

Visit the Parivahan website and select your state. Check if your state has the online Learner’s License application facility.

You will be asked to fill up personal information. Also, you will be required to upload documents like age proof and address proof before you submit the form.

For Learner’s License applications, some state RTOs offer the feature where you can select the time slot for Learner’s License test. You will also be able to make a payment towards the Learner’s License application & test online.

Be present at the Learner’s License test facility to take the Learner’s License test as per the slot that you have selected.

About Learner’s License Test in India

  • You must be present half an hour before the allotted time.
  • If you have applied Learner’s License test online, you will be required to submit the confirmation slip at the RTO and make the payment before you take the test.
  • Generally, you will have to answer multiple choice questions either online or on paper. In case you don’t pass the test, you will be allowed to retake the test after a week’s time.
  • Also, you can apply for a Driving License, 30 days after the issue date of Learner’s License. The application for permanent Driving License must be filed within 180 days of the issue date of Learner’s License.