Lok Sabha passed the Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Bill in 2017. The amendments were targeted towards bringing changes in the transport sector to encourage safer driving practices among Indian motor vehicle drivers.
The amendment’s draft was put forward in the lower house of the Parliament to impose rigid fines for traffic rules violation and to promote e-governance.
What Is The Bill About?
The Motor Vehicle Bill 2017 (amendment) aims to propose stiffer penalties for varied traffic offences.
Here is a summary of the proposed bill:
- A three-year imprisonment for parents of children aged below 18 years if underaged children are found driving and causing fatal accidents.
- The bill was passed to take stringent actions against the taxi aggregators.
- The proposed bill triggers to increase the compensation for families whose members have met with an accident.
- Under the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988, there is no limit for a third-party car or two-wheeler insurance. The Bill, however, amends to cap a maximum third-party legal liability to Rs. 10 lakh for death and Rs. 5 lakh for serious injuries.
- A Motor Accident Fund is to be raised for offering mandatory insurance cover for pedestrians in India only for specific accident types.
- Contractors to be held responsible and blacklisted for bad condition of the roads.
- Promoting e-Governance, aiming to increase the driving license validity period, enabling online learning licenses, and getting rid of the educational qualifications while applying for the transport license.
- Requirement of Aadhaar number while applying for a driver’s license – to ensure incorporation of online services and to restrict duplicate or fake licenses.
- Increase in penalties for traffic violators like drunken driving, dangerous driving, and for those who don’t wear seatbelts and helmets.
How does this impact Motor Vehicle Drivers Directly?
The Motor Vehicles Amendment Bill 2017, passed in the Lok Sabha, has proposed for a hike in traffic penalties by as much as 5 times. Here’s a sneak-peek into the proposed penalties against the older penalty card:
|Section||Old Penalty||New Proposed Penalties|
|177||General||Rs. 100||Rs. 500|
|New 177A||Rules of road regulation violation||Rs. 100||Rs. 500|
|178||Ticketless travel||Rs. 200||Rs. 500|
|179||Disobedience of authorities’ orders||Rs. 500||Rs. 2,000|
|180||Unauthorized use of vehicles without license||Rs. 1,000||Rs. 5,000|
|181||Driving without license||Rs. 500||Rs. 5,000|
|182||Driving despite disqualification||Rs. 500||Rs. 10,000|
|182 B||Oversize vehicles||New||Rs. 5,000|
|183||Over speeding||Rs. 400||Rs. 1,000 for LMV|
Rs. 2,000 for Medium passenger vehicle
|184||Dangerous driving penalty||Rs. 1,000||Up to Rs. 5,000|
|185||Drunken driving||Rs. 2,000||Rs. 10,000|
|189||Speeding/ Racing||Rs. 500||Rs. 5,000|
|192 A||Vehicle without permit||Up to Rs. 5,000||Up to Rs. 10,000|
|193||Aggregators (violations of licensing conditions)||New||Rs. 10,000|
|194||Overloading||Rs. 2,000 and Rs. 1,000 per extra tonne||Rs. 20,000 and Rs. 2,000 per extra tonne|
|194 A||Overloading of passengers||New||Rs. 1,000 per extra passenger|
|194 B||Seat belt||Rs. 100||Rs. 1,000|
|194 C||Overloading of two wheelers||Rs. 100||Rs. 2,000 Disqualification for 3 months of the licence|
|194 D||Helmets||Rs. 100||Rs. 1,000 Disqualification for 3 months of the licence|
|194 E||Not providing way for emergency vehicles||New||Rs. 10,000|
|196||Driving without Insurance||Rs. 1,000||Rs. 2,000|
|199||Offences by Juveniles||New||Guardian/Owner shall be deemed to be guilty. Rs. 25,000 with 3 yrs imprisonment.|
|206||Power of Offices to impound documents||New||Suspension of driving licenses u/s 183, 184, 185, 189, 190, 194C, 194D, 194E|
|210 B||Offences committed by enforcing authorities||New||Twice the penalty under the relevant section|
Indian Government has introduced this amendment in the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988, with an approach to promote safe and sustainable mobility in India. The amendments have been proposed with the aim of changing people’s perception.
Hopefully, now people would be more careful before riding their two-wheelers without helmets and while driving their cars without wearing seatbelts or without valid motor insurance. Not only this, but situations like drunken driving, dangerous driving, speeding, and racing the vehicles would also be penalized with heftier fines.
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