Indian Motor Vehicles Act 2017 – Changes In Fines And Penalties For Violators

Lok Sabha passed the Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Bill in 2017. The amendments were targeted towards bringing changes in the transport sector to encourage safer driving practices among Indian motor vehicle drivers.

The amendment’s draft was put forward in the lower house of the Parliament to impose rigid fines for traffic rules violation and to promote e-governance.

What Is The Bill About?

The Motor Vehicle Bill 2017 (amendment) aims to propose stiffer penalties for varied traffic offences.

Here is a summary of the proposed bill:

  • A three-year imprisonment for parents of children aged below 18 years if underaged children are found driving and causing fatal accidents.
  • The bill was passed to take stringent actions against the taxi aggregators.
  • The proposed bill triggers to increase the compensation for families whose members have met with an accident.
  • Under the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988, there is no limit for a third-party car or two-wheeler insurance. The Bill, however, amends to cap a maximum third-party legal liability to Rs. 10 lakh for death and Rs. 5 lakh for serious injuries.
  • A Motor Accident Fund is to be raised for offering mandatory insurance cover for pedestrians in India only for specific accident types.
  • Contractors to be held responsible and blacklisted for bad condition of the roads.
  • Promoting e-Governance, aiming to increase the driving license validity period, enabling online learning licenses, and getting rid of the educational qualifications while applying for the transport license.
  • Requirement of Aadhaar number while applying for a driver’s license – to ensure incorporation of online services and to restrict duplicate or fake licenses.
  • Increase in penalties for traffic violators like drunken driving, dangerous driving, and for those who don’t wear seatbelts and helmets.

How does this impact Motor Vehicle Drivers Directly?

The Motor Vehicles Amendment Bill 2017, passed in the Lok Sabha, has proposed for a hike in penalties by as much as 5 times. Here’s a sneak-peek into the proposed penalties against the older penalty card:

Section Old PenaltyNew Proposed Penalties
177GeneralRs. 100Rs. 500
New 177ARules of road regulation violationRs. 100Rs. 500
178Ticketless travelRs. 200Rs. 500
179Disobedience of authorities’ ordersRs. 500Rs. 2,000
180Unauthorized use of vehicles without licenseRs. 1,000Rs. 5,000
181Driving without licenseRs. 500Rs. 5,000
182Driving despite disqualificationRs. 500Rs. 10,000
182 BOversize vehiclesNewRs. 5,000
183Over speedingRs. 400Rs. 1,000 for LMV
Rs. 2,000 for Medium passenger vehicle
184Dangerous driving penaltyRs. 1,000Up to Rs. 5,000
185Drunken drivingRs. 2,000Rs. 10,000
189Speeding/ RacingRs. 500Rs. 5,000
192 AVehicle without permitUp to Rs. 5,000Up to Rs. 10,000
193Aggregators (violations of licensing conditions)NewRs. 10,000
194OverloadingRs. 2,000 and Rs. 1,000 per extra tonneRs. 20,000 and Rs. 2,000 per extra tonne
194 AOverloading of passengersNewRs. 1,000 per extra passenger
194 BSeat beltRs. 100Rs. 1,000
194 COverloading of two wheelersRs. 100Rs. 2,000 Disqualification for 3 months of the licence
194 DHelmetsRs. 100Rs. 1,000 Disqualification for 3 months of the licence
194 ENot providing way for emergency vehiclesNewRs. 10,000
196Driving without InsuranceRs. 1,000Rs. 2,000
199Offences by JuvenilesNewGuardian/Owner shall be deemed to be guilty. Rs. 25,000 with 3 yrs imprisonment.
206Power of Offices to impound documentsNewSuspension of driving licenses u/s 183, 184, 185, 189, 190, 194C, 194D, 194E
210 BOffences committed by enforcing authoritiesNewTwice the penalty under the relevant section

Conclusion

Indian Government has introduced this amendment in the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988, with an approach to promote safe and sustainable mobility in India. The amendments have been proposed with the aim of changing people’s perception.

Hopefully, now people would be more careful before riding their two-wheelers without helmets and while driving their cars without wearing seatbelts or without a valid motor insurance. Not only this, but situations like drunken driving, dangerous driving, speeding, and racing the vehicles would also be penalized with heftier fines.

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