Updated List of Rules for Traffic Violations in India – 2019

Breaking the law in any sense is bound to attract punishment. The severity of this punishment depends upon the nature of the committed offence. With regards to breaking traffic rules, citizens can be asked to pay a fine, serve a jail term or face disqualification in the form of a ban from driving any vehicle.

The fine amount is updated every few years to curb the violation of rules. Breaking traffic rules in India can lead to accidents and even death in severe cases. Let’s take a look at the updated list of penalties for traffic violations in India.

Updated List of Rules for Traffic Violations in India – 2019 - Acko

List of Traffic Police Fines for Violations (Updated):

Traffic rules in India are in accordance with The New Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Act, 2019. Change in the traffic police fine amount is clearly mentioned in the updated act. New traffic rules are stringent with a steep increase in penalties as well as jail terms or imprisonment for traffic violations.

Example for Driving without Insurance:

If you’re caught driving without insurance, the existing penalty of Rs.1,000 and/or imprisonment of up to 3 months has been increased to Rs.2,000 and/or imprisonment of up to 3 months for the first-time offence and Rs.4,000 and/or imprisonment of up to 3 months for the second-time offence.

Following is the list of violations and their corresponding traffic fines and imprisonment terms.

OffenceOld PenaltyNew Penalty (From September 2019)
GeneralFirst-Time Offence: Rs.100

Second-Time Offence: Rs.300
First-Time Offence: Rs.500

Second-Time Offence: Rs.1,500
Violation of Road RulesNilRs.500 to Rs.1,000
Ticket less TravelRs.200Rs.500
Disobeying orders from the Authorities and Refusing to Share InformationRs.500Rs.2,000
Driving an Unauthorized Vehicle without LicenseRs.1,000Rs.5,000
Driving Without LicenseRs.500Rs.5,000
Driving Regardless of DisqualificationRs.500Rs.10,000
Over-SpeedingRs.400Light Motor Vehicle:
Rs.1,000 to Rs.2,000

Medium Passenger or Goods Vehicle:
Rs.2,000 to Rs.4,000 and impounding of DL for the Subsequent or Second-Time Offence.
Dangerous / Rash DrivingNilFirst-Time Offence:
Imprisonment of 6 Months to 1 Year and/or Fine of Rs.1,000 to Rs.5,000

Second-Time Offence:
Imprisonment of up to 2 years and/or Fine up to Rs.10,000.
Driving Under the Influence of Alcohol or Intoxicating SubstanceRs.2,000First-Time Offence:
Rs.10,000 and/or Imprisonment of up to 6 months.

Second-Time Offence:
Rs.15,000 and/or Imprisonment of up to 2 years.
Oversized VehiclesNilRs.5,000
Driving When Mentally/Physically UnfitFirst-Time Offence:Rs.200

Second-Time Offence:Rs.500
First-Time Offence: Rs.1,000

Second-Time Offence: Rs.2,000
Accident Related OffencesNilFirst-Time Offence:
Rs.5,000 and/or Imprisonment of up to 6 months.

Second-Time Offence:
Rs,10,000 and/or Imprisonment of up to 1 Year.
Driving Uninsured Vehicle (without Insurance)Rs.1,000 and/or Imprisonment of up to 3 months.First-Time Offence:
Rs.2,000 and/or Imprisonment of up to 3 months.

Second-Time Offence:
Rs.4,000 and/or Imprisonment of up to 3 months.
Racing and SpeedingRs.500First-Time Offence:
Rs.5,000 and/or Imprisonment of up to 3 months.

Second-Time Offence:
Rs.10,000 and/or Imprisonment of up to 1 year.
Vehicle Without PermitUp to Rs.5,000Rs.10,000 and/or Imprisonment of up to 6 months.
Aggregators (Violations of Licensing Conditions)NilRs.25,000 to Rs.1 lakh
OverloadingRs.2,000 and Rs.1,000 per extra tonneRs.20,000 and Rs.2,000 per extra tonne
Overloading of PassengersNilRs.1,000 per extra passenger
Not Wearing SeatbeltRs.100Rs.1,000
Overloading of Two-WheelersRs.100Rs.2,000 and Disqualification of License for 3 months
Not Wearing HelmetRs.100Rs.1,000 and Disqualification of License for 3 months
Not Providing Way for Emergency VehiclesNilRs.10,000 and/or Imprisonment of 6 months
Offences by JuvenilesNilRs.25,000 with Imprisonment of 3 years for which the Guardian / Owner shall be deemed to be guilty.
Power of Officers to Impound DocumentsNilSuspension of DL under Section 183, 184, 185, 189, 190, 194C, 194D, 194E
Offences Committed by Enforcing OfficersNilDouble the Penalty under Relevant Section

Driving under the influence of an intoxicating substance is a serious crime. Chances of damage and injuries increase exponentially when a driver is not alert of his/her surroundings while driving. It is dangerous not only for the driver but also to co-passengers and others present on the road. Thus, the fine amount depends on the level of intoxicating substance present in the blood. Drinking alcohol and driving a vehicle are common occurrences, here is the list of traffic police fines for the same:


Alcohol Levels
Old Penalty
New Penalty
Exceeding 30 mg per 100 ml of Blood
Rs.2,000First-Time Offence:
Rs.10,000 and/or Imprisonment of up to 6 months.

Second-Time Offence:
Rs.15,000 and/or Imprisonment of up to 2 years

Highlights of the New Traffic Fines for Violations – 2019

With the new traffic rules in India being implemented from 1 September 2019 through the New Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Act, 2019, let’s look at some of the highlights:

1) Driving Without License:

The fine for driving with a DL has been increased by 10 times from the old penalty of Rs.500 to now Rs.5,000.

2) Driving Without Insurance:

Through the amendment of the New MV Act 2019, the penalty has been increased from Rs.1,000 and/or imprisonment of up to 3 months to Rs.2,000 and/or imprisonment of up to 3 months for the first-time offence and Rs.4,000 and/or imprisonment of up to 3 months for the second-time offence.

3) Driving Regardless of Disqualification:

The penalty for driving despite disqualification has been hiked from Rs.500 to Rs.10,000 emphasising on repeated offence.

4) Driving Under the Influence of Alcohol or Intoxicating Substance:

If you’re caught for drink and drive, get ready to pay a hefty fine of Rs.10,000 and/or imprisonment of up to 6 months for the first-time offence and if you’re caught for the second-time for the same offence, the fine is Rs.15,000 and/or imprisonment of up to 2 years.

5) Not Wearing Helmet:

The traffic fine for riding a two-wheeler without wearing a helmet is Rs.1,000, up from old penalty of Rs.100.

6) Racing and Speeding:

The penalty has been increased from Rs.500 to Rs.5,000 and/or imprisonment of up to 3 months for the first-time offence, while for the second-time offence, the fine is Rs.10,000 and/or imprisonment of up to 1 year.

7) Offences by Juveniles:

While there was no penalty for this type of offence, the New MV (Amendment) Act, 2019 imposes a fine of Rs.25,000 with imprisonment of 3 years for which the owner or the guardian shall be deemed guilty.

8) Offences Committed by Enforcing Officers:

While there was no penalty for this offence, the new fine is double the penalty under the relevant section.

Bribing Traffic Officials:

To get away from the fine and penalties arising due to breaking traffic rules in India, people try to bribe police officials. To some extent, people even manage to get away by paying a bribe in the form of cash. However, bribing an official is a crime in itself and should not be committed. The government is taking certain measures to decrease and eventually eliminate this atrocious crime. One of such measures is the introduction of ‘e-challan‘. This system works similar to you purchasing something and using your debit or credit card to pay the money and receiving a receipt. This way, cash does not come into the picture and the funds are transferred directly to the government. In this manner, they can also keep a track of offences and the people involved.

Basic Traffic Rules and Manners:

The number of vehicles in India has been on the rise and, along with it, the traffic on the road has increased substantially. It’s important that you are aware of the basic traffic rules and manners to ensure you follow them for your safety as well as for other road users. To enjoy the smooth operation of the traffic, it’s recommended that you carefully observe all rules and regulations set by the traffic department.

Here are some of the essential road safety rules in India:

  • Keep Left: While driving/riding on a two-way road, ensure you drive your vehicle on the left side of the road and let the oncoming traffic to pass on the right side.
  • Use Indicators: You should use the prescribed hand signs or indicators to signal to other road users that you’re taking a turn, or slowing down, or overtaking, or stopping.
  • Wear Helmet: Always a helmet while riding a two-wheeler, and ensure your pillion wears a helmet too. Make sure the helmet is ISI certified as any deviation will lead to penalties for traffic violations.
  • Wear Seatbelt: For four-wheeler users, it’s essential to wear the seatbelt, this holds good for both the driver, the co-driver and other passengers. Not wearing seatbelts will attract a hefty penalty.
  • Do Not Use Mobile Phone: Using a mobile phone while driving or riding might lead to an accident. It’s mandatory not to use phones while driving or riding.
  • Display Registration Marks Clearly: You must ensure that all vehicle registration marks are displayed clearly and not hidden.
  • Overtake only from the Right Side: While overtaking another vehicle moving in the same direction, ensure you do so from the right side of that vehicle only. Also, indicate by dipping and dimming your headlights which will alert the vehicle in front of you. Overtaking is prohibited while turning or in a curve as you may not have a clear view of the road ahead.
  • Give Way to Emergency Vehicles: It’s your responsibility to give free passage to ambulances and fire service vehicles.
  • Maintain Lane Discipline: Changing lanes frequently could lead to an accident. Ensure you follow lane discipline at all times. If you’re looking to turn left, then drive on the left-most lane of the road so that you do not inconvenience to other road users.
  • Maintain Prescribed Speed Limit: Follow the prescribed speed limit at both city limits and on highways. Overspeeding attracts a hefty fine and could be dangerous for other road users.
  • Follow Road Signs: Road signs such as ‘No Parking’, ‘No Right Turn or Left Turn’, ‘No Honking’, etc. should be followed effectively for your safety and others.
  • ‘U’ Turn: You can take a ‘U’ Turn only when there’s no warning sign, and when there’s no traffic around your vehicle. Also, take it only when it’s safe and give a clear indication to other vehicle users that you’re taking a ‘U’ Turn either through indicators or hand signals.
  • Maintain Distance Between Vehicles: Traveling close to a vehicle has a good chance that you might crash into the other vehicle if it stops abruptly. It’s important to maintain a safe distance from the vehicle in front of you so that you have enough time to react during emergencies.
  • Give Way to Pedestrians: Pedestrians have the right to way especially at zebra and pedestrian crossings.
  • Carry Driving and Vehicle Documents: Always carry vehicle and driving-related documents such as your driving license, vehicle registration certificate, vehicle insurance and emission or PUC (Pollution Under Control) certificate. You can carry your DL and RC in digital format through DigiLocker and mParivahan mobile applications.
  • Don’t Jump a Red Signal: Red light signal is for you to stop on the marked line and not beyond that. You could block vehicles coming from other directions.
  • Don’t Ride on Footpath: Ensure you ride or drive only on roads and not on the footpath which is exclusive to pedestrians.
  • Prohibition of Drink and Drive: Driving under the influence of alcohol or other intoxicating substance is prohibited. This can alter your decision-making process while negotiating an accident or following traffic rules.
  • Unnecessary Honking: Honking is prohibited in and around areas such as schools and hospitals. Also, it’s important not to use your vehicle’s horn unnecessarily as this leads to noise pollution.
  • Give Way When Another Vehicle Overtakes: When another vehicle is overtaking your vehicle, do not increase speed or do anything that hampers the other vehicle from overtaking your vehicle.
  • Be Careful at Intersections: While approaching an intersection/junction/crossing, ensure that your vehicle is not obstructing the way for other users. Always give way to vehicles which are already moving to that particular road and then proceed once it’s absolutely free.
  • Do Not Overload: It’s dangerous to overload your vehicle beyond the prescribed loading. Two-wheeler users should carry a pillion rider only and not more than two persons.

FAQs:

1) Who is authorized to collect traffic violation penalties on the spot?

A traffic police branch officer of and above the rank of Assistant Sub-Inspector of Police is authorized to collect traffic violation penalties on the spot.

2) What is the rule for the use of a mobile phone?

No driver while driving a four-wheeler or two-wheeler shall use a mobile phone.

3) Can passengers of the vehicle use a mobile phone?

Yes. Occupants other than the driver can use a mobile phone.

4) Can I use a mobile phone if I’m a doctor?

No. Exemption is not provided to anyone. You can stop the vehicle and then use your mobile phone.

5) What is the rule for wearing seat belts in a car?

Both the driver and the person seated in front of the vehicle must wear seat belts while the car is in motion.

6) What documents of a vehicle should a driver carry when driving?

The Driving License, Registration Certificate, Tax Paid Receipt, Emission Test Certificate and Insurance Certificate should be carried by the driver, And, in the case of transport vehicles, you need to carry Fitness Certificate and Permit.

7) When is a vehicle towed away?

If the vehicle is left unattended or abandoned or parked in a way which causes inconvenience to other road users or parked in an unauthorized parking zone can be towed away.

8) What is the fine for drink and drive?

If you’re found drinking and driving a vehicle, the penalty for such violations is Rs.10,000 and/or imprisonment of up to 6 months for a first-time offence and Rs.15,000 and/or imprisonment of up to 2 years for second-time offence. You’ll have to pay the fine in the court as they empowered to impose the fine.

9) What if I don’t appear before the court?

A warrant will be issued if you do not appear in the court and may lead to arrest and stricter penalties.

10) What is the fine for a vehicle which is not insured?

Insurance is mandatory in India. If you’re found driving or riding a vehicle without insurance, you’ll be fined Rs.2,000 and/or imprisonment of up to 3 months in the first instance and it’s Rs.4,000 and/or imprisonment of up to 3 months in the second instance.


News related to New Traffic Rules and Fines:

DL and RC on DigiLocker and mParivahan at Par with Original Document

– September 25, 2019

The Road Transport Ministry said that driving license and vehicle registration certificate in electronic formats is at par with original documents. Both the DL and RC can be stored in DigiLocker and mParivahan mobile applications, which can be shown to the traffic police for verification. The Ministry added that if the documents are not stored in DigiLocker and mParivahan, they will not be at par with the original documents. The Central Motor Vehicles Rules were amended in November 2018, which enables documents such as driving license (DL), registration certificate (RC), fitness and permit, insurance, pollution under control (PUC) certificate to be accepted in electronic format.

Two-Wheeler Fined Rs.22,500 for Violating Traffic Rules in Odisha

– September 25, 2019

A two-wheeler commuter was fined a staggering Rs.22,500 for a number of traffic offences in Balangir district on Sunday. This comes after Odisha Chief Minister relaxed implementation of new traffic rules of the New Motor Vehicle (Amendment) Act, 2019 in the state for three months. The biker was fined for traffic violations such as Rs.500 for general offence, Rs.5,000 for failing to produce his DL, Rs.2,000 for disobeying orders, Rs.5,000 for rash driving, and Rs.10,000 for riding under the influence of alcohol. The motorcyclist was detained by the traffic police and his vehicle was seized as he refused to pay the fine. The New MV (Amendment) Act, 2019 came into effect from 1 September 2019

Karnataka Government Slashes Fines For Traffic Violations in Bengaluru

– September 21, 2019

The Karnataka government today slashed the revised fines for traffic violations under the New Motor Vehicle (Amendment) Act 2019 – introduced at the beginning of the month – owing to public pressure. This was announced through a notification by the Transport Department specifying the decreased fines for traffic violations which are applicable in cities like Bengaluru. Fines for not wearing a seatbelt and riders not wearing a helmet have been slashed from Rs.1,000 to Rs.500 while driving without a license was cut from Rs.5,000 to Rs.1,000 for two-wheelers and three-wheelers, and Rs.2,000 for four-wheelers. Other penalties such as overspeeding, driving under the influence of alcohol, and racing has been kept unchanged. The penalty for driving without insurance has been cut from Rs.2,000 to Rs.1,000 for two-wheelers, while the fine of Rs.2,000 for four-wheelers remains unchanged and heavy goods continue to attract Rs.4,000 for the violation.

Check: Updated List of Traffic Fines and Rules in Bengaluru

You Could Be Fined Rs.20,000 If You Violate the Odd-Even Traffic Rule in Delhi

– September 21, 2019

The Delhi government decided to return to the odd-even rule from 4th November 2019. Any violation of this traffic rule will attract a penalty of Rs.20,000. This rule came into effect under the New Motor Vehicle (Amendment) Act 2019 which has increased the fine by up to 10 times. The previous fine for violating the odd-even rule in Delhi was Rs.2,000. Under Section 115 of the new MV Act 2019, anyone found violating the odd-even rule is a traffic offence and leads to a fine of Rs.20,000 offering the state government to restrict the use of vehicles. The last time the Delhi government imposed the odd-even rule in the national capital was in January and April 2016 with the fine of Rs.2,000.

New Traffic Rules in Gujarat Kick-in from Today

– September 16, 2019

Reduced fines for traffic violations in Gujarat come into effect from today, a week after the Central Government announced new traffic rules that had provisions for steep penalties. The traffic police of Gujarat will be deployed at all major junctions to ensure motorists follow traffic rules. The police advised people to follow traffic norms, and they will not spare any offender, but at the same time not to draw motorists ire. People are advised to carry all required documents and, use safety gear such as helmets for two-wheeler commuters and the use of seat belt for four-wheeler commuters. Last week, Gujarat Chief Minister Vijay Rupani had announced new penalties for traffic violations, reducing fines laid down in the New Motor Vehicle (Amendment) Act, 2019 by up to 90%.

New Motor Vehicle (Amendment) Act, 2019 Effective from 1 September

– September 9, 2019

The Centre has implemented the new Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Act, 2019 which came into effect from 1 September 2019 with 63 clauses. The amended MV Act primarily focuses on some of the most common traffic violations across the country. The Union Government has amended the Motor Vehicle Act, 1988 to ensure road safety for all road users with a change in penalties, registration, driving license and the National Transport Policy. Among the changes are steeper fines for driving under the influence of alcohol or intoxicating substance which attracts 6 months imprisonment and/or fine of Rs.10,000 for the first-time offence, while the subsequent offence will attract imprisonment of 2 years and/or fine of Rs.15,000. The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways said that these 63 clauses do not require further amendments in the Central Motor Vehicles Rules, 1989.

Union Transport Minister Says Steeper Traffic Fines Aimed at Curbing Road Accidents

– September 9, 2019

The Union Minister for Road Transport and Highways said that an intelligent traffic system does not differentiate between a union minister, bureaucrat, chief minister or a journalist while stressing on steeper fines for violations of traffic rules are aimed at curbing road accidents. He also said that if someone abides by the law, there is no need for fear of hefty challans. Mr Gadkari further added that strict rules were much-needed as people were not serious about traffic laws and there was no fear or respect for the law and that there are people who have never been fined even once as they follow traffic rules and questioned why others can’t abide by the rules. The Central Minister also urged people to take advantage of digital platforms such as mParivahan or DigiLocker to carry Registration Certificate, Driving License and other documents in an electronic form which are valid under the Motor Vehicle Act, 1988.


Reference:

  1. The Motor Vehicles (Amendment) Act, 2019 – No. 32 of 2019 – www.egazette.nic.in/WriteReadData/2019/210413.pdf (Mirror Link)

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