An Overview of Learner’s License in India

You must hold a valid Driving License in order to legally drive a vehicle on Indian roads. But, you need to get a Learner’s License when you start learning to drive first.

A Learner’s License is a document issued by your state Regional Transport Office (RTO) and acts as a provisional and restricted license. You must get a permanent driving license at the expiry of this license, once you’ve learnt how to drive a motor vehicle. To get a Learner’s License, one must be familiar with rules and regulations of road safety.

In India, Learner’s License is issued to the candidate after he passes a written or online test that will test his knowledge on road rules. After you get a Learner’s License, you will be allowed to practise driving on public roads provided that you are accompanied by a person who holds a permanent Driving License. You must obtain a Learner’s License for the pertinent class of vehicle before you can get a Driving License.

Types of Learner’s License in India

Driving License and Learner’s License in India are awarded based on the class of motor vehicle. Depending on the class of the vehicle, the eligibility criteria also vary. Here are some of the most common class of vehicles:

For Personal Use:

  • You will get MC 50CC (Motorcycle 50 cc) license class which you usually get in Motorcycles with engine capacity of 50 cc or less than 50 cc
  • LMV–NT class license for Light Motor Vehicle used for non-transport purposes
  • FVG class license for Motorcycles of any engine capacity but with no gears like scooters and mopeds
  • MC EX50CC class license for Motorcycles with a capacity of 50 CC or more, motorcycles with gear and Light Motor Vehicles (LMVs) including cars
  • MCWG or M / CYCL.WG class license for All types of Motorcycles including Motorcycle with gear

For Commercial Use:

  • HGMV class license for Heavy Goods Motor Vehicle
  • LMV–TR class license for Light Motor Vehicle used for commercial purposes
  • HPMV class license for All India driving permit for trucks and cars or open license / Heavy Passenger Motor Vehicle
  • LMV–NT class license Light Motor Vehicle for non-transport purposes
  • MGV class license for Medium Goods Vehicle

Eligibility Criteria for Getting Learner’s License

Depending on the class of motor vehicle and the type of learner’s license sought for, the eligibility criteria for Learning License differs. The eligibility conditions for various types of Learner’s License offered in India is given below.

Type:   Motorcycles    with     gear
Criteria:  The candidate must be aged at least 18 years.

Type: Motorcycles without gear with up to 50 cc capacity
Criteria: The candidate must be aged at least 16 years. For candidates, less than 18 years of age, the consent from guardian or parent must be obtained.

Type: General Requirement for obtaining a Learner’s License
Criteria: The Learner’s License applicant must be fluent with traffic rules & regulations. The applicant must have valid address proof and age proof documents.

Type: Commercial Heavy Vehicles and Transport Vehicles
Criteria: The applicant must have finished 8th standard of schooling. The applicant must be at least 18 years old. In some states, the minimum age requirement is 20 years.

Application Form for Learner’s Licence

Individuals who are looking at obtaining a learner’s driving licence in India are required to fulfil certain conditions. One of the key conditions is having a learner’s licence Form.

The application form for a learner’s licence consists of two sections to be filled out, as follows:

Details to be filled by the applicant for the learner’s license are as follows:

Fill your name, address, date and place of birth.

  • Educational qualification.
  • Nationality along with original documents.
  • Blood group.
  • Previous driving licences (if any) along with the details.
  • Driving school certificate (if required).
  • Medical test exemption (if applicable).

Declaration that particulars entered in the previous section are true, along with the signature of the parent/guardian of the applicant.

Learning Licence Fees

The fees for a learner’s licence is Rs. 150 for one class of vehicle. The applicants will have to make the payment at the time of submitting the documents and application form of learner’s license. This fee used to be of Rs. 30 until January 2017, and has been recently revised.

Learner’s License Documents

Having all the necessary documents in place will ensure a fast and hassle free Learner’s License application process. A candidate applying for a Learner’s License must submit the following documents at the RTO while filing an application. Candidates planning to make an online application must keep a scanned copy of the documents given below ready for upload.

To apply for a Learner’s License in India, the following documents will be required:

  • Address proof (any one document from the list given below)
    • Recent telephone or electricity bill
    • LIC Bond
    • Aadhar Card
    • Passport
    • Ration Card
    • If you are resident of some other city, then you can submit the house rent agreement with a copy of a recent utility bill like electricity bill or gas bill as current address proof.
  • Your Age Proof (any one document of the below given list of documents)
    • PAN Card
    • Birth Certificate
    • Transfer certificate from school with date of birth mentioned on it.
    • 10th marksheet
    • Passport
  • Application Fees for Learner’s License
  • Passport size photographs: at least 6 photographs
  • Medical Certificate: To be signed by a certified Government doctor (if applicable).
  • Form 1A.
  • Completely filled application form. (You can download the form from the state RTO portal or you can procure the form from the nearest RTO office)

How To Apply for a Learning License Online in India?

You can file online applications for Learner’s License in India through multiple RTO sites online. Though the steps for filing a Learner’s License application varies from site to site, read the general procedure of how to file a Learner’s License application online.

  • Google the RTO website. Check if the website has the online Learner’s License application facility.
  • If the state transport department offers the availability of filling online application form, then read full instructions carefully. Generally, you will be asked to fill up information like name, father’s name, district, postal code, Aadhar card number and locality. Also, you will be required to upload documents like age proof and address proof online before you submit the form.
  • For Learner’s License applications, some state RTOs offer the feature where you can select the time slot for learner’s license test. You will also be able to make a payment towards the Learner’s License application & test online or you will get a receipt in mail which you will have to present at the test venue.
  • In some websites, you will be able to download the application which you will have to later present it at the RTO before taking the test. You have to submit all your original documents.
  • Be present at the Learner’s License test facility to take the Learner’s License test as per the slot that you have selected.

How To Apply for a Learner’s License Offline in India?

  • If you are not familiar with the process of filing an online application for Learner’s License then you can always go to your nearest RTO to apply the application form online. Read the steps given below to know how to fill form online.
  • Either Form 2 or form 3 which is for the application of Learner’s License with passport photographs. These forms can be downloaded online or can be directly taken and filled from the RTO office.
  • Fill the application form completely along with photographer where ever required. Attach address proof, age proof documents along with it. Visit the RTO for your locality and submit the application form. Also, schedule a test by choosing a slot for learner’s license.
  • Be there at he given time and date for learner’s license test. Once you pass the test, the Learner’s License will be sent at your permanent address.
  • If you are learning driving under the guidance of a driving school, they will assist you in getting a Learner’s License.

Procedure for Learner’s License Test in India

All Learner’s License applicants will be required to take either an online test or a written test that will check the applicant’s knowledge on road rules and safety signals. You will have to pass the test successfully to get your Learner’s License. Below are some of the important points regarding the Learner’s License test.

  • You must be present half an hour before the allotted time.
  • If you have applied Learner’s License test online, you will be required to submit the confirmation slip at the RTO and make the payment before you can take the test.
  • Generally, you will have to answer multiple choice questions either online or on paper. In case you don’t pass the test, you will be allowed to retake the test after a week’s time.
  • Also, you can apply for a Driving License 30 days after the issue date of Learner’s License. The application for permanent Driving License must be filed within 180 days of issue date of Learner’s License.

Why Do You Need a Learner’s License in India?

Here are some of the reasons as to why you need a Learner’s License in India.

  • You must get a Learner’s License to drive for that class of vehicle. A Learner’s License legally allows you to learn driving with an experienced driver.
  • You can practise driving with a person holding permanent Driving License, only if you have a learner’s license.
  • Before getting a Driving License, you must have a learner’s license. It is easy to apply and get a permanent Driving License if you hold a valid Learner’s License.
  • Holding a Learner’s License and practising on roads will help you get familiar with road rules which will in turn help you when you are driving.
  • Atif Hussain

    I applied for the license but my payment failed. Now it’s stuck at “verifying with bank” and not letting me make payment again. Any solution?

    • Roocha

      Hi Atif,
      Kindly get in touch with your bank, hopefully they will be able to provide a solution! Please feel free to comment below in case of any insurance related queries.

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