Driving License in Mumbai, Maharashtra

As one of the most significant documents one can possess, applying for a driving license is one of the most important processes that must be undertaken. A valid driving license allows its holder to operate motorized vehicles anywhere in the country, and it also serves as proof of age, address and identity. However, the process to obtain the driving license is known to be long and tedious, often confusing many. Mumbai, and most places in the state of Maharashtra, has taken a step in the right direction, simplifying the process significantly by digitalizing most forms, applications etc.

Eligibility for Getting a Driving License

A license is issued to a person who has adequate knowledge of the functioning of the road and transport system of the country.

  • Prior to obtaining the driving license, a learning license is issued for a temporary period during which you are expected to learn how to drive the motorized vehicle completely.
  • A learning license issued in Mumbai is valid only in the state of Maharashtra, whereas a permanent driving license is valid across the country.
  • To be able to apply for a driving license, the candidate must be at least 16 years of age for two wheeler vehicles, and 18 years of age for four wheeled vehicles, with or without gears.
  • Any able bodied citizen, regardless of gender, caste, etc. can obtain a license.
  • Commercial licenses are generally issued for those above the age of 20 only.

How to apply for Learner’s License in Mumbai

For those who wish to go through the process on their own, without the use of middle men in the form of driving schools, here is a breakdown of the process.

  • Register online for your learning license. The state of Maharashtra has digitalized the appointment making process significantly, and therefore this can be done easily from the comfort of your home.
  • The registration form can be found at https://sarathi.nic.in:8443/nrportal/sarathi/LLDLForm.jsp
    To book a slot, go to the Maharashtra Motor Vehicle Department’s official website, and then go to the Learner’s license page. A web application number will be generated, following which you will be redirected to another page by the Ministry of Road Transport and Highways. Here, you can choose your appointment timings.
  • Alternatively, you can go to the RTO in person and book a slot for the test. If it is booked online, make sure to take a copy of the appointment booking receipt with you.
  • The test in Maharashtra is an online test, usually consisting of around 20 questions, regarding the rules and regulations involved in the operation of a motor vehicle. The results will be displayed online on completion of the test. Prior to taking the test, all documents are verified and authenticated.
  • You need to carry authentic proof of residence, and age proof. A minimal fee of Rs. 151 must be paid also. Accepted documents are:
    • School Leaving certificate / Class X marks card / Passport / Aadhar card for date of birth.
    • Any Government issued ID for address proof (Passport / Aadhar Card / Voter ID etc.)
    • Several passport size photographs will be requested for processing of the license.
  • If you clear the test, the learner’s license will be issued on the same day. If you fail to clear the test, you can book another appointment and try again at a later date.
  • Within six months you need to return to the RTO for the driving test. However, you can only take the test one month after the issue of the learner’s license. If the time period lapses, the candidate must appear for the learning license test again and wait out the necessary time period before they are able to go for the test to obtain their permanent driving license.

How to apply for Driving License in Mumbai

After a minimum of one month from the issue of the learner’s license, one can return to the RTO to take part in the physical driving test.

  • The appointment can be booked online in the same manner as the learner’s license, through the link https://sarathi.nic.in:8443/nrportal/sarathi/HomePage.jsp
  • This begins with verification of documents which includes the validity of the learner’s license, and the document check for proof of age and residence. In summary, you need to possess the following when appearing for a driving test:
    • Form 4 (application form for permanent license)
    • Application form for the permanent driving license (generally available online or at the RTO).
    • School Leaving certificate / Class X marks card / Passport / Aadhar card for date of birth proof.
    • Any Government issued ID for address proof (Passport / Aadhar Card / Voter ID etc.)
    • License fee of Rs. 414.
  • The driving test consists of driving the given vehicle through a predetermined track in the presence of an official from the RTO.
  • Data entry is then done for the final issue of license. Multiple photographs are also necessary. If you fail to clear your test, you can reappear by booking a new appointment after a period of seven days.
  • If there are any mistakes in the details printed on the license, get it rectified as the same details will transfer to the permanent driving license. You can get the required changes made by contacting the same RTO where the license was issued, with all necessary proof regarding the details which need to be changed.

Documents required to apply for Driving License in Mumbai

In order to be able to acquire a driving license in Mumbai, you need to have the following at the time of application.

  1. Form 4 (application form for permanent license)
  2. Application form for the permanent driving license (generally available online or at the RTO).
  3. School Leaving certificate / Class X marks card / Passport / Aadhar card for date of birth proof.
  4. Any Government issued ID for address proof (Passport / Aadhar Card / Voter ID etc.)
  5. License fee of Rs. 414.
  6. Valid Learner’s License

Application for a Duplicate Driving License

When your driving license is stolen, misplaced or damaged, duplicate license can be obtained by following the simple procedure stated by the Department. In the case of stolen or misplaced license, file an FIR immediately with the local police, and then proceed to the RTO with all necessary documents to apply for this duplicate driving license. The documents required include:

  • The duly filled in application form for issue of duplicate license, known as Form LLD (available online or at the RTO)
  • The FIR (carry multiple copies) in the case of stolen or misplaced license.
  • In the case of damage to the license, the damaged card must be submitted to the RTO.
  • Valid address proof, and if requested, proof of age.
  • The fee for duplicate license issue is Rs. 214.

In general, the new license should take less time than that taken for the original license, but may differ from state to state. If an extended period of time passes without notification, check the status of your license with the authorities immediately.

How to Apply for Renewal of Permanent Driving License

Once the permanent driving license has been obtained, it is generally valid for a period of 20 years, or until obtaining the age of 50. When either of these situations occur, renewal of the license is necessary. Candidates must apply for renewal 30 days before the expiry date of the license.

The documents required for this process include:

  • The duly filled in application for renewal form (Form 9), available online.
  • A health clearance certificate from a certified medical practitioner stating that the candidate is fit to drive.
  • Previous (expiring) driving license in original.
  • Valid proof of age and residence in original with photocopies.
  • Passport size photographs.
  • Renewal fee of Rs. 414 will also be collected.

In general, the expired license is seized and the renewed license provided on the same day. However, if this does not happen, you can check the status of your renewed license through the number on your renewal form.

Types of Driving License

There are different licenses issued for different vehicles. Permanent and temporary licenses are also issued, with temporary licenses usually only being in the case of learner’s license, i.e. to enable the holder to gain enough knowledge to acquire a permanent license. Some of the main types of vehicles for which licenses are issued are mentioned below.

  1. Two wheel vehicles (with and without gears):

Candidates are required to pass a physical test riding these vehicles to acquire the license. They generally come under the category of ‘non-transport vehicles’, as they are used for personal reasons alone.

  1. Four wheel vehicle (geared / automatic):

There are separate licenses issued for these vehicles when used for private purposes, and separately for cabs etc. In general, they are known as ‘LMVs’, or light motor transport vehicles.

  1. Commercial vehicles:

This includes all vehicles used for commercial purposes, including carriers and transport services.

  1. Transport vehicle

Sub-divided into Medium and Heavy vehicles, these include larger vehicles such as trucks, tempos, buses, large vans etc.

How To Apply For An International License

All countries that have signed the UN convention recognize the validity of an international license issued in India for a period of one year. Holders of this license are expected to get a permanent license in the country of residence during this period. In order to gain this license, candidates must go to the local RTO with all necessary documents, and complete any tests posed to them at the discretion of the authorities present there. The requirements are as stipulated below.

  • Application form for international license (Form 4A).
  • Valid driving license of local residence.
  • Proof of valid VISA and passport.
  • Application fee of Rs. 1000.
  • Medical clearance certificate from a certified practitioner.
  • Valid address proof and age proof.
  • Passport size photographs.

Useful tips for clearing your driving test

  • Use indicators / hand signals appropriately at all times.
  • Check mirrors correctly, adjust them before beginning.
  • Shift gears correctly and smoothly.
  • Adhere to all rules and regulations.
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