If you plan to use your car or bike on public roads, you need to get the vehicle registered. This registration process is conducted at the Regional Transport Office (RTO) of your area. Upon successful registration, you receive a Registration Certificate (RC). This document is like a proof of ownership. Therefore, when you transfer the ownership of your vehicle to someone else, you need to transfer the RC to that person as well.
The Registration Certificate transfer process involves providing the correct documents. Also, it can be different if you want to transfer the RC in the state of residence or some other Indian state. Read ahead to know all the necessary details concerning a car or bike’s registration transfer process, fees, documents, and other information.
- Vehicle Registration Certificate (RC) Transfer in India:
- Types of Vehicle Registration Transfer:
- Vehicle Transfer Process:
- Car and Bike RC Transfer Process Within the Same State:
- Documents Required for Vehicle RC & Ownership Transfer within the same State:
- Car/Bike Registration Transfer Step-by-step Process – within the Same State:
- Car/Bike Ownership Transfer Offline:
- Car and Two-wheeler Registration Transfer from One State to Another (Interstate):
- Interstate Car/Bike Registration Transfer Step-by-Step Process:
- Required Documents – Download Vehicle Transfer Forms Online:
- Vehicle Registration (RC) Transfer Fee:
- How Much Time Does the RC Transfer Process Take?
- Check RC Transfer Status:
- How to Receive Road Tax Refund in the Case of Vehicle Transfer:
- Why is it Important to Transfer Vehicle Ownership?
- Purchasing Insurance Before Registration:
- Frequently Asked Questions:
Vehicle Registration Certificate (RC) Transfer in India:
Just as you are meant to follow the traffic rules while driving a car or riding a bike, you are meant to follow the RTO rules when it comes to transferring ownership of the vehicle. This change of ownership of a vehicle is commonly referred to as the RC transfer process. Through such a process, the vehicle owner transfers the ownership as well as the liabilities associated with the vehicle to the new owner. RC transfer usually happens in the following cases.
|Sale of vehicle||Here, the vehicle’s RC is transferred in the new owner’s name. Which means the RC now features the name of the vehicle’s new owner instead of the previous owner’s name.|
|Owner’s death||In the case where the vehicle’s registered owner dies, the vehicle’s ownership will most likely transfer to the owner’s legal heir. The necessary transfer process (visit RTO) must be followed by the legal heir within the stipulated time frame (within 30 days after the owner’s death) for RC transfer.|
|Auction||This event is like that of a sale of the vehicle. The old vehicle owner’s name needs to be replaced with the new owner in the case of an auction.|
Types of Vehicle Registration Transfer:
The RC transfer process in India can be divided into two broad categories – within the state and outside the state.
Within the State:
Here, the RC transfer process takes place within the geographical borders of an Indian state. For example, your car was registered in an RTO in Maharashtra and you sell the vehicle within the state of Maharashtra.
Outside the State (Interstate):
Interstate RC transfer happens when the vehicle was registered in one state and sold in another Indian state. For example, your car was registered in an RTO in Maharashtra and you sell the vehicle to an owner in Gujarat who will register it in a Gujarat RTO.
Vehicle Transfer Process:
The Regional Transport Office (RTO) is the main organization when it comes to a vehicle transfer process. Some Indian states offer online facilities to contact the RTO and initiate the vehicle transfer process online. For other states, you must visit the RTO office in person for RC transfer. Nowadays, the second-hand car market and buying and selling of used cars has become organized. Such organizations also assist in the RTO vehicle transfer process. The process, in general, involves filling up specific forms and submitting the required documents.
Car and Bike RC Transfer Process Within the Same State:
The following sections will throw light upon various aspects of the bike/car RC transfer process in the case the vehicle is sold within an Indian state from one person to another.
1) Transfer of ownership in case of a normal sale:
A normal sale or a regular sale occurs when a vehicle owner sells the vehicle to another person. As a result, the vehicle’s ownership and RC needs to be transferred to the new person. For this purpose, the transferor is required to submit Form 29 to the RTO. The transferee needs to submit Form 30 to the RTO within 14 days of the vehicle transfer. Appropriate fees and taxes need to be paid.
2) Transfer of ownership on the death of an owner of the vehicle:
In the case of the vehicle owner’s death, the vehicle’s ownership will pass on to the legal heir as per the legal rules and regulations. The legal heir needs to intimate the RTO of the death within 30 days of the death and state the desire to use the vehicle. This way, the person can use the vehicle for three months almost like an owner. In those three months, the person needs to submit Form 31 for transfer of ownership. Ensure payment of applicable fees and taxes.
3) Transfer of ownership of a vehicle purchased in public auction:
The person who has acquired the sold vehicle needs to submit Form 32 to the RTO within 30 days of such a purchase to take possession of the vehicle. Fees and taxes as per The Central Motor Vehicle Rules need to be paid.
Documents Required for Vehicle RC & Ownership Transfer within the same State:
Here’s a list of documents required for RC transfer of car as a part of the transfer of ownership of a vehicle. The vehicle transfer process also involves car insurance/bike insurance as well.
|Normal Sale||Owner's Death||Public Auction|
|Form 29||Form 31||Form 32|
|Form 30||Certificate of registration||Certificate of registration|
·Certificate of registration
·Certificate of insurance
·Certificate of pollution under control
·PAN card (of the person selling and buying) or Form 60
·PAN card (of the person selling and buying) or Form 60
·Print of the vehicle’s Chassis & Engine number
·Proof of Date of Birth of purchaser
·Proof of address
·Passport size photograph
·Tax clearance certificate
|Certificate of insurance||Certificate of insurance|
|Death certificate in relation to the registered owner||Certificate or order stating the vehicle sale signed by the authorized person.|
|Certificate of pollution under control||Certified copy of the order of the Central Government or State Government authorising the auction of the vehicle.|
|PAN card (successor) or Form 60||Certificate of pollution under control|
|Chassis & Engine Pencil Print||PAN card (of the person selling and buying) or Form 60|
|Proof of Date of Birth of successor||Print of the vehicle’s Chassis & Engine number|
|Proof of address||Proof of Date of Birth of purchaser|
|Signature Identification of Seller||Proof of address|
|Declaration by the applicant and all other Legal Heirs of the deceased||Purchaser's undertaking|
|Verification of vehicle on Form 20||R.C. Book|
|R.C. Book||Passport size photograph|
|Passport size photograph|
A No Objection Certificate (NOC) granted by the registering authority
|Proof of succession|
Car/Bike Registration Transfer Step-by-step Process – within the Same State:
Here’s the procedure to transfer ownership of a car or car registration transfer of ownership as it is often called. Note that there might be a change in the car’s number plate based on the transfer location.
Car/Two-wheeler Ownership Transfer Online Method:
You can avail the services of the government’s Parivahan website to know more about vehicle ownership transfer online. Some states support all services related to performing vehicle transfer online while for some you will have to visit the RTO. If you are unable to access the services, you can download the required forms like car transfer form or bike transfer form, fill them and then visit the RTO. The car/bike ownership transfer might not be entirely online but you can certainly benefit from it and make the process hassle-free.
Here’s the online process for the transfer of ownership of a vehicle.
- Step 1 – Visit Parivahan website
- Step 2 – Select ‘Online Service’
- Step 3 – Select ‘Vehicle Related Service’
- Step 4 – Select ‘State’ & proceed accordingly
- Step 5 – Enter ‘Vehicle Registration Number’
- Step 6 – Click on ‘Proceed’
- Step 7 – Select ‘Online Service’
- Step 8 – Select ‘Transfer of Ownership’
- Step 9 – Enter ‘Chassis Number’
- Step 10 – Enter ‘Mobile Number’
- Step 11 – Click on ‘Generate OTP’
- Step 12 – Enter generated OTP
- Step 13 – Click on ‘Show Details’
- Step 14 – Tick on specific Applications
- Step 15 – Share details
- Step 16 – Make payment
- Step 17 – Download/print the receipt
Note that the above process is an overview and might vary for different states. For Delhi and Sikkim, you will have to first register yourself on the website and then proceed to avail the services. You might be required to visit the RTO based on online process compatibility.
Car/Bike Ownership Transfer Offline:
Here’s the offline vehicle ownership transfer process.
Check the event based on which the RC transfer process is initiated. Refer to the ‘Car and Bike RC Transfer Process Within the Same State’ section of this article.
Fill appropriate forms and follow the timelines for submitting those forms. Refer to the ‘Documents Required for Vehicle RC Transfer within the same State’ section of this article for an appropriate list of forms and documents. The seller should handover all the vehicle related documents to the buyer.
Once the documents are submitted, pay the required fees and get the receipt to complete the process. The buyer will receive the new RC.
Car and Two-wheeler Registration Transfer from One State to Another (Interstate):
Additional complexities are added when it comes to interstate vehicle transfer online or offline. For online two-wheeler/four-wheeler ownership transfer, both states must have a strong and functional online process. For the offline process, the fact that two states – and therefore two RTOs – are involved can be cumbersome. Read ahead to know more about the process.
Documents Required for Interstate Vehicle Registration Transfer:
Here’s a list of documents required for interstate RC transfer. Note that the owner will also have to submit the active motor insurance document to the seller to complete the vehicle transfer process.
- No Objection Certificate from the RTO where the vehicle was originally registered.
- Form 28
- No Crime Record certificate
- Road tax receipt
Interstate Car/Bike Registration Transfer Step-by-Step Process:
Here’s the process for the transfer of vehicle registration from one state to another. In such a scenario, the RC, as well as the registration number of the vehicle, will get changed because of the vehicle sale and the change in location (different state).
Step 1 – Bank and Crime NOC
Get a No Objection Certificate from a bank if there is the involvement of a loan. Also, get No Crime Record Certificate from the RTO.
Step 2 – RTO NOC
Get No Objection Certificate from the RTO where the vehicle was registered before the sale. As the transfer is because of a sale of a vehicle and not relocation, the applicable RC transfer process needs to be followed based on the ‘Vehicle Registration (RC) Transfer in India’ section of this article. Contact your nearest RTO or visit and discuss your requirements with the RTO official if you face any confusion regarding the process.
Step 3 – Re-registration
Re-register the vehicle in the new state’s RTO. Here, the RC will feature the new owner’s name. Submit RTO Forms 29 and 30 for vehicle re-registration.
Step 4 – Road Tax Refund
In case you have purchased the vehicle in a different state and paid Road Tax there, and now want to move to another state after RC and ownership transfer, you can seek Road Tax refund from the previous state’s RTO.
Required Documents – Download Vehicle Transfer Forms Online:
You will have to submit different documents at different stages of the RC Transfer process. For example, you will need an application form, RTO Form 29 and 30, car transfer form or bike transfer form, etc. You can visit the Parivahan Website > Informational Services > Downloadable Forms > Vehicle Registration and download the appropriate forms.
Here’s a list of downloadable forms on a case-by-case basis.
Transfer of ownership in case of normal sale:
Transfer of ownership on death of owner:
Transfer of ownership of vehicle purchased in public auction:
Vehicle Registration (RC) Transfer Fee:
You will have to pay a fee for change of ownership for a car or a bike. This is also known as the bike/car title transfer fee. This bike/car ownership transfer cost needs to be paid to the RTO. Such RC transfer fees can vary from one RTO to another and from one state to another.
How Much Time Does the RC Transfer Process Take?
The RC transfer process varies based on the RTO, state, and the complexities involved in a case. For example, some RTOs have Smart Card based RCs while some do not; therefore, the process timelines will vary accordingly. A few RTOs can complete the process in a week, but on an average, it would be safe to assume that the process might take around three to four weeks – depending upon the complications and adherence to rules and regulations.
Check RC Transfer Status:
It can be troubling to remain in uncertainty concerning the status of the RC transfer. Some people might need the car on an urgent basis and for them, knowing the RC transfer timeline becomes all the more important. The seller also needs to ensure that the RC transfer process has gone through and that major ties with the sold vehicle are now cut.
There are two ways in which you can check the RC transfer status.
Use the following online method to check if the RC has been transferred in your name or not.
- Step 1 – Visit Parivahan Website
- Step 2 – Select ‘Online Services’
- Step 3 – Select ‘Know Your Vehicle Details’
- Step 4 – Enter the vehicle’s registration number
- Step 5 – Click on ‘Search Vehicle’
Use the following SMS method to check if the RC has been transferred in your name or not.
- Step 1 – Open your phone’s messenger service
- Step 2 – type: vahan <space> vehicle’s registration number
- Step 3 – Send the SMS on 7738299899
How to Receive Road Tax Refund in the Case of Vehicle Transfer:
You will be eligible for a road tax refund if you are the vehicle owner and you have moved to a different state after paying the tax in the previous state and have re-registered the vehicle and paid road tax in the new state.
You will have to visit the RTO in the new state to file for a road tax refund. You will need the following documents for the process.
- Vehicle’s chassis number impression
- Transfer NOC from previous state’s RTO
- A valid insurance policy of the vehicle
- Road tax copy – paid in previous state’s RTO
- Road tax copy – paid in new state’s RTO
- New state’s address proof
- Bank details for money transfer via cheque
Why is it Important to Transfer Vehicle Ownership?
When any vehicle is sold from one party to another resulting in the change in ownership of a car/bike, the relevant documents must contain the name of the new owner. The same needs to be done in case of a Registration Certificate (RC). This way, the vehicle, as well as any liabilities associated with it, are transferred from the previous owner to the new owner of the vehicle.
Also, read: Check Vehicle Insurance Status Online
Purchasing Insurance Before Registration:
If you are wondering if it is possible to insure a vehicle before registering it, then the answer is yes. However, in the case of a vehicle transfer, the active insurance policy will also transfer to the buyer. But the buyer can wish to choose a different insurer. Ideally, in case of a sale, one should wait for the RC transfer and the ownership transfer process to be completed and then move towards changing the insurer, if required.
You can use a motor premium calculator before buying a policy to compare car insurance premium. This way, you will come to know the vehicle insurance amount for a cover. Based on your requirements, you can modify the modifiable details and know the vehicle insurance rate. The tool can be accessed by visiting insurers’ websites or aggregator websites. But note that the aggregator websites might not include all insurers while displaying the motor insurance rate chart.
Frequently Asked Questions:
Here’s a list of frequently asked questions and answers concerning RC transfer.
There are two types of registration certificates – one is a temporary one and the other is a permanent one. The temporary one is valid for one month only. After that, one needs to move towards a permanent one. A permanent or a long-term RC comes with a renewable timeframe of five years and lasts for 15 years.
Loan repayment is crucial before selling a vehicle. You will need a No Objection Certificate from the bank before selling the car, which has an ongoing loan. In case you have a special requirement, you can discuss the terms with the loan providing bank.
The charges for RC transfer vary from one Indian state to another. Contact your nearest RTO for exact fees.
You should have all the necessary documents in place for a smooth RC transfer process. The presence of the concerned vehicle should not be necessary at the RTO unless specified otherwise.
The vehicle’s insurance policy is required to complete the transfer of ownership of the vehicle. RC transfer can be viewed as a part of the complete transfer of ownership process.
Yes, you can change the name on your vehicle’s RC by providing the necessary supporting documents. You can do so by approaching your nearest RTO and following their process.
RC application via the online mode depends upon your RTO’s functionality. You can initiate the online RC application process for some states. Visit Parivahan website for more information.
The RC transfer can take place between one to four weeks based on the RTO and the complexities involved.
The answer will vary from one RTO to another based on the supported technology.
You can check the RC status of your vehicle online as well as by sending an SMS. Please refer to the ‘Check RC Transfer Status’ section of this article.
The exact processing fees and total charges will depend upon the RTO that is transferring the ownership. The rates can vary from one RTO to another.
The vehicle hypothecation process needs to precede the transfer of ownership process.
You can transfer the car to someone else if you are the owner of the vehicle and your name appears in the vehicle’s RC. You will have to transfer the vehicle’s RC in the name of the other person, which can be done by visiting your nearest RTO and following the process.
The transferor shall inform the RTO of the transfer by submitting Form 29 and the transferee will follow-up with Form 30 within 14 days if the transfer is within the state and within 45 days if the transfer is outside the state.
Yes, you can register the vehicle in a different district by approaching the respective RTO.
You can check the status by visiting the Parivahan website.
Yes, you can transfer the vehicle’s active insurance policy while transferring the ownership to the new owner.
Please refer to the ‘Documents Required for Vehicle RC & Ownership Transfer within the same State’ section of this article for the answer.
Please refer to the ‘Required Documents – Download Vehicle Transfer Forms Online’ section of this article for the answer.
The ownership of the vehicle can pass from one person to another by providing the necessary documents. For specific queries, please contact your nearest RTO.
Please refer to the ‘Transfer of Ownership on the death of an owner of the vehicle’ section of this article for the answer.
The date might be mentioned in one of the related documents like an acknowledgement or a receipt. You can contact your RTO for the precise answer.
If the move is permanent or for a long period, then the owner needs to de-register the vehicle from the previous state’s RTO and re-register it in the new state’s RTO. The financial liability will be with the owner till the time the person is the legal owner of the vehicle.
Please refer to the ‘Transfer of ownership of a vehicle purchased in public auction’ section of this article for the answer.
To apply for a road tax refund, you will have to fill ‘Form DT’.
While driving a car in India, the RC of the vehicle must state the owner’s name. The new owner can drive the car in India without any issues when the RC features the owner’s name.
Please approach your nearest RTO for assistance.
The date might be mentioned in one of the documents associated with the transfer like a receipt or an acknowledgement, please approach the applicable RTO for your query resolution.
Transferring vehicle insurance is a part of the vehicle transfer process.
The RTO that is responsible for the RC transfer will be able to tell you the right time frame as the period depends upon the complexities involved in the case along with other concerns.
Ideally, you should wait for the RC transfer process to be completed. The ownership transfer process also involves transferring car insurance. If you want to purchase a separate car insurance policy, you can speak with your preferred online car insurance provider about the issue.
Usually, there is a lot of foolproof documentation involved in importing a car from a foreign land to India. The RC becomes a crucial document in this case as it signifies vehicle ownership and registration. RC transfer should be an integral part of an overseas vehicle purchase and the agencies associated with the process should be able to assist you. You can always contact your nearest RTO for any queries related to RC transfer.
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