Traffic Rules and Traffic Violations in Mumbai, Maharashtra

Earlier, when there were far lesser vehicles on the roads of Mumbai, there wasn’t a dire need for establishing stringent traffic rules and regulations. However, with the rising standard of living and affordable cost of vehicles, the number of vehicle owners has gone up drastically. If the snarling traffic jams are a challenge for the Mumbaikars, ensuring the following of traffic rules is a concern for the Mumbai Traffic Police.

The result has been the introduction of some extremely strict traffic rules and severe penalties on traffic rule violation by the Mumbai traffic police.

Provisions under the Indian Motor Vehicles Act 1914

The first legislation was established under the “Indian Motor Vehicles Act 1914.” It was passed in India to regulate all the motor vehicles as well as the pedestrians. After this enactment, the traffic on the roads of all cities and states across India has multiplied several times. Moreover, to exert control over this type of unparalleled growth in ever growing motor vehicles, the government introduced the Motor Vehicles Act 1914, later revised and amended to “The motor Vehicle Act 1988” by our Government of India.

Traffic Light Signal Rules You Must Follow in Mumbai

The traffic lights at road intersection are highly significant device for both pedestrians as well as vehicle drivers. Traffic light can effectively control the traffic. Hence, we must always adhere to these signals.

  • Red light indicates that you must ‘Completely Stop’ your vehicle right behind the stop line. Keep in mind, crossing of the stop line is considered an offence. Hence, you must remain there till the light turns green.
  • The Amber colour light suggests ‘Be Alert’. When the amber coloured light turns on, it is giving you a signal to get ready to start.
  • A Green light indicates ‘GO’ slowly and carefully through the intersection.
  • A flashing ‘Red’ light indicates you must fully stop and proceed only if the road is clear and safe.

Other than traffic signal rules, there are a lot of other road signs that you must keep in mind while driving. This will ensure smooth

Traffic Rule Violation Penalties in Mumbai, Maharashtra

As per the Motor Vehicle Act (MVA) of 1988 and Central Motor Vehicle Rule, 1989, some of the general offences and the resulting penalties are listed below:

OffenceMVAPenalties
Not carrying a valid licence while driving177First Offence: A fine of up to INR 100 and for a Subsequent Offence a Fine of up to INR300
Not carrying mandatory documents177First Offence: A fine of up to INR 100 and for a Subsequent Offence a Fine of up to INR300
Dangerous Lane cutting177First Offence: A fine of up to INR. 100 and for a Subsequent Offence a Fine of up to INR 300
Going against One-Way177First Offence: A fine of up to INR. 100 and for a Subsequent Offence a Fine of up to INR. 300
Overtaking riskily177First Offence: A fine of up to INR. 100 and for a Subsequent Offence a Fine of up to INR. 300
Jumping Signal177First Offence: A fine of up to INR. 100 and for a Subsequent Offence a Fine of up to INR. 300
Driving on the Footpath177First Offence: A fine of up to INR. 100 and for a Subsequent Offence a Fine of up to INR300
Stopping at the Pedestrian Crossing / Crossing Stop Line177First Offence: A fine of up to INR. 100 and for a Subsequent Offence a Fine of up to INR300
Parking Violation177First Offence: A fine of up to INR. 100 and for a Subsequent Offence a Fine of up to INR300
Horn offence177First Offence: A fine of up to INR. 100 and for a Subsequent Offence a Fine of up to three hundred
Number Plate Offence177First Offence: A fine of up to INR. 100and Subsequent Offence: Fine up to INR300
Improper use of Headlight177First Offence: A fine of up to INR. 100and Subsequent Offence: Fine up to INR300
Charging Extra Fare177First Offence: A fine of up to INR. 100and Subsequent Offence: Fine up to INR300
Misbehaving with the Passenger177First Offence: A fine of up to INR. 100and Subsequent Offence: Fine up to INR300
Refusing to ply for Hire177First Offence: A fine of up to INR. 100and Subsequent Offence: Fine up to INR300
Breaching the rules regarding carrying hazardous items177First Offence: A fine of up to INR. 100and Subsequent Offence: Fine up to INR300
Use of Mobile Phone during driving177First Offence: A fine of up to INR. 100and Subsequent Offence: Fine up to INR300
Driving without proper Helmet177First Offence: A fine of up to INR. 100and Subsequent Offence: Fine up to INR300
Breach of any order and refusal to divulge information179Fine up to INR 500 or Imprisonment term of up to one month or both.
Allowing a vehicle to be driven by someone who does not have a proper licence180Fine up to INR 1000 or Imprisonment term of up to three months or both.
Driving without proper licence181Fine up to INR 500 or Imprisonment term of up to three months or both.
Offence related to a driving license182Fine up to INR 500 or Imprisonment term of up to three months or both.
Lack of maintenance and proper structure of the vehicle182(A)First Offence: Fine of INR. 1000 and Subsequent Offence, a fine of INR. 5000
Driving rashly at speed exceeding the MVA 112 clause183First Offence: INR. 400 and Subsequent Offence: Fine of INR. 1000.
Dangerous and careless Driving184First Offence: A fine of up to INR. 1000 or Imprisonment term of up to six months or both. Subsequent Offence: Fine up to INR. 2000 or Imprisonment term of up to 2 years INR or both.
Rash driving under the influence of Drugs or Alcohol185First Offence: A fine of up to INR. 2000 or Imprisonment term of up to six months or both. Subsequent Offence: Fine up to INR3000 or Imprisonment term of up to two years or both.
Accidental Offence187First Offence: A fine of up to INR. 500 or Imprisonment term of up to three months or both. Subsequent Offence: Fine up to INR. 1000 or Imprisonment term of up to six months or both
Illegal racing on the road189Fine up to INR 500 or Imprisonment term of up to one month or both.
Using a vehicle in Unsafe condition190First Offence: A fine of up to INR. 250. Subsequent Offence: Fine up to INR. 1000 or Imprisonment term of up to two years or both.
Using Loudspeaker beyond specified limit190(2)First Offence: INR. 1000 and Subsequent Offence: INR. 2000.
Carrying goods that are risky and hazardous to life190(3)First Offence: A fine of up to INR. 3000 or Imprisonment term of up to one year or both. Subsequent Offence: Fine up to INR. 5000 or Imprisonment term of up to one year or both.
Driving without valid Registration and Permit192First Offence: A fine of up to INR. 5000 (not less than INR. 2000) or Imprisonment term of up to three months or both. Subsequent Offence: Fine up to INR. 10000 (not less than INR. 5000) or Imprisonment term of up to one year or both.
Driving without a valid Fitness Certificate192First Offence: A fine of up to INR. 5000 (not less than INR. 2000) or Imprisonment term of up to three months or both. Subsequent Offence: Fine up to INR. 10000 (not less than INR. 5000) or Imprisonment term of up to one year or both.
Using a Private vehicle for Commercial purpose192First Offence: A fine of up to INR. 5000 (and not less than INR. 2000) or Imprisonment term of up to three months or both. Subsequent Offence: Fine up to INR. 10000 (not less than INR. 5000) or Imprisonment term of up to one year or both.
Breach of Permit conditions192First Offence: A fine of up to INR. 5000 (not less than INR. 2000) or Imprisonment term of up to three months or both. And for subsequent Offence a fine of up to INR. 10000 (not less than INR. 5000) or imprisonment term of up to one year or both.
Excess overloading vehicle beyond limit194Fine of up to INR 2000 and INR. 1000 per tonne of any extra load.
Driving without an Insurance19sixFine of up to INR 1000 or Imprisonment term of up to three months or both.
Driving a vehicle without proper authority197Fine of up to INR 500 or Imprisonment term of up to three months or both.
Causing disturbance in the free flowing traffic201Fine of up to INR 50 per hour.
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