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How to Get a Heavy Motor Vehicle Licence in India

Team AckoJun 26, 2023

Obtaining a heavy motor vehicle licence in India is a crucial requirement for individuals seeking to drive commercial vehicles. This licence not only ensures compliance with legal regulations but also guarantees road safety. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the process of obtaining a heavy motor vehicle licence in India, the eligibility criteria, the required documentation, and the necessary steps to successfully acquire this licence.

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Contents

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What is a Heavy Motor Vehicle Licence?

A heavy motor vehicle licence is an official document that permits individuals to operate commercial vehicles of a certain weight and category. The licence is issued by the Regional Transport Office (RTO) in India and is a legal requirement for individuals who wish to drive heavy vehicles for commercial purposes. It serves as proof that the licence holder has met the necessary qualifications and possesses the skills and knowledge required to operate heavy motor vehicles safely and responsibly.

Eligibility Criteria for Heavy Motor Vehicle Licence

To be eligible for a heavy motor vehicle licence in India, applicants must meet the following criteria.

  • Age: The minimum age requirement is 18 years for commercial vehicles. The age limit is 20 years in some states.

  • Educational Qualifications: In order to ensure that the applicant can comprehend basic road and traffic signs and symbols, it is required that they have completed their education up to the 8th standard.

  • Learner's Licence: Prior possession of a Learner's Licence for at least 30 days is mandatory for applying for a heavy motor vehicle licence.

  • Mental and Physical Well-being: The applicant must possess sound mental health as it is evident that issuing a licence to an individual with mental instability would pose a risk to both themselves and others on the road. Additionally, the applicant should be in good physical health.

  • Driving Training: In order to qualify for a heavy vehicle licence, the applicant must first undergo driving training at a government training school or an institute affiliated with the State Government.

Documents Required for Heavy Motor Vehicle Licence

Here are the required documents to get a heavy motor vehicle licence in India.

  • Address Verification Document (acceptable proofs include Passport, voter ID, ration card, Aadhaar card, or utility bill)

  • Proof of Identity (acceptable proofs include PAN card, voter ID, Passport, Aadhaar card, birth certificate, or 10th pass certificate)

  • Medical Certificate issued by a registered medical practitioner (Form 1A)

  • Certificate provided by a driving school or institute (Form 5)

  • Passport-sized photographs

How to Apply for Heavy Motor Vehicle Licence Online

Here are the steps to apply for a heavy motor vehicle licence online.

Step 1: Go to the Parivahan Sewa website.

Step 2: Hover over 'Online Services' and choose 'Driving Licence Related Services'.

Step 3: Pick the desired state from the dropdown menu where you intend to apply.

Step 4: Click on 'Apply for Driving Licence'.

Step 5: Press 'Continue'.

Step 6: Provide your "Learning License Number" and "Date of Birth" to proceed.

Step 7: Fill in the application form with your details and specify the licence category you require.

Step 8: Select 'Next'.

Step 9: Follow the designated schedule and visit the RTO (Regional Transport Office).

How to Apply for Heavy Motor Vehicle Licence Offline

Follow these steps to apply for an HMV licence offline.

Step 1: Visit the nearest RTO office and obtain the necessary forms.

Step 2: Complete the forms and attach self-attested photocopies of all the required documents. Ensure that the documents are securely attached to the form. Additionally, remember to carry the original documents with you.

Step 3: Once you submit the form and documents, you will receive an acknowledgement number. You will also receive a notification on your provided mobile number. Furthermore, you will be informed about the dates for your driving test.

Types of Heavy Motor Vehicle Licences

In India, there are different types of heavy motor vehicle licences based on the category and weight of the vehicles. These licences allow individuals to operate specific types of commercial vehicles. Here are the common types of heavy motor vehicle licences.

Heavy Goods Vehicle (HGV) Licence

  • This licence category is for individuals who wish to operate heavy goods vehicles for commercial purposes.

  • It includes vehicles such as trucks, trailers, tankers, and other goods carriers.

  • HGV licences are required for transporting goods over long distances or within the country.

Heavy Passenger Vehicle (HPV) Licence

  • The HPV licence is necessary for individuals interested in driving heavy passenger vehicles.

  • It covers vehicles like buses, minibuses, and coaches used for public transportation or private hire.

  • Obtaining an HPV licence is essential for individuals working in the public transport sector.

Heavy Construction Equipment (HCE) Licence

  • This licence category focuses on operating heavy construction equipment used in the construction industry.

  • It includes vehicles like cranes, excavators, bulldozers, loaders, and concrete mixers.

  • Individuals working in construction, infrastructure development, or related fields require an HCE licence to operate such equipment.

Heavy Special Vehicle (HSV) Licence

  • The HSV licence is for individuals operating specialised heavy vehicles that don't fall under the HGV, HPV, or HCE categories.

  • It may include vehicles like mobile cranes, fire trucks, emergency response vehicles, and other specialised heavy-duty vehicles.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Here are a few commonly asked questions and their answers related to heavy motor vehicle licences.

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Can I apply for a heavy motor vehicle licence directly, or do I need to obtain a Learner's Licence first?

Prior possession of a Learner's Licence for at least 30 days is mandatory for applying for a heavy motor vehicle licence. The LL allows individuals to practice driving under supervision before appearing for the driving test.

How long is a heavy motor vehicle licence valid in India?

A heavy motor vehicle licence in India is generally valid for a period of three years from the date of issuance.

Can I renew my heavy motor vehicle licence after it expires?

Yes, you can renew your heavy motor vehicle licence after it expires. However, you may have to pay additional fees for delay in renewal. The renewal process usually involves submitting an application, paying the prescribed fee, and providing an updated medical certificate.

How much does it cost to obtain a heavy motor vehicle licence in India?

The fees for obtaining a heavy motor vehicle licence vary depending on the state and vehicle category. The exact fees can be obtained from the respective Regional Transport Office (RTO) in your jurisdiction.

Disclaimer: The above content is for informational purposes only. It is recommended to take the help of an expert before making a decision.

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