Minus/plus icon
ResourcesExplore the full ACKO experience and make the most of your plan

Home / Health Insurance / Group Health Insurance / Articles / Demystifying Payroll in India: Inclusions, charges & best practices

Demystifying Payroll in India: Inclusions, charges & best practices

Team AckoJan 17, 2024

Are you tired of struggling with Payroll-related complexities? We hear you! With so many variables to remember, it can be difficult to ensure that your employees are being paid accurately and in compliance with all the rules and regulations. But don't worry; we've got your back! We've put together an article that will demystify Payroll in India and give you all the details on inclusions, charges, and best practices. 




Demystifying Payroll in India: Inclusions, charges & best practices

What is Payroll?

Payroll is a critical function of any business, large or small, as it ensures that employees are paid accurately and on time. It also helps the company comply with various labour laws and tax regulations. In fact, without proper Payroll processing, a company could face significant legal and financial consequences.

In addition to its practical functions, Payroll is also an important aspect of employee relations. Employees expect to be paid fairly and on time. Thus, any issues or mistakes in the process can erode trust and loyalty. That is why it is crucial that companies prioritise accurate and efficient Payroll processing to maintain positive relationships with their employees.

What is included in Payroll?

We'll examine some of Payroll's essential elements in this section. As an HR (Human Resource) professional, it’s crucial for you to understand the following. 

  1. Wages and salaries

One of the most important components of Payroll is wages and salaries. This refers to the regular payments that your employees earn for the work they do. It's your responsibility to ensure that your organisation is paying employees at or above the minimum wage and that salaries are fair and competitive for their job roles.

Overtime pay

If your employees work more than their regular hours, they may be entitled to overtime pay. You'll need to ensure that your organisation is in compliance with all overtime laws and regulations. Additionally, it is your duty to guarantee that workers receive just compensation for any overtime they put in. 

Bonuses and commissions

Depending on your organisation's policies, your employees may be eligible for bonuses or commissions. You'll need to ensure that these are being calculated and distributed fairly, and that they comply with any legal requirements.

Employee benefits

Employee benefits are an important part of Payroll, and they can include things like health insurance, retirement plans, and paid time off. It's your responsibility to ensure that employees are enrolled for the benefits they're eligible for. Also, make sure that any associated costs are accurately calculated and deducted from their paychecks.

Taxes and deductions

Payroll also involves the calculation and deduction of various taxes and other deductions. It's your responsibility to ensure that your organisation is in compliance with all tax laws and regulations. Also, make sure that all required deductions are being accurately calculated and deducted from employees' paychecks.

How to calculate Payroll

Here are some guidelines for calculating Payroll for your company's employees.

Understanding gross pay

The first step in calculating Payroll is to determine an employee's gross pay. This is the entire amount an employee earns before deductions. If an employee is paid by the hour, you must multiply their hourly rate by the hours they put in during the pay period. On the other hand, for salaried employees, you'll need to divide their annual salary by the number of pay periods in a year.

Calculating net pay

Once you've calculated the employee's gross pay, it's time to determine their net pay. This represents the employee's take-home pay after all deductions and taxes are subtracted. Deductions can include items like health insurance premiums, retirement contributions, and other voluntary benefits. To calculate an employee's net pay, subtract all deductions and taxes from their gross pay.

Deductions and taxes

There are a number of deductions and taxes that you'll need to take into account when calculating Payroll. Some common examples of deductions that you may need to consider are Employee Provident Fund (EPF), Professional Tax, and Income Tax. Other deductions that you may need to consider include contributions to employee insurance schemes and any salary advances that may have been given to employees.

Considerations for different types of employees

It's important to note that there may be different calculations for salaried versus hourly employees. For example, hourly employees may be eligible for overtime pay, which will need to be factored into their gross pay. On the other hand, some salaried employees may be exempt from certain overtime requirements.

Common Payroll challenges

In this section, we will go over some of the most common Payroll challenges.

Keeping up with changing tax laws and regulations

Tax laws and regulations can change frequently. This can make it difficult for businesses to stay legally compliant. Nevertheless, it is crucial to keep up with these changes to avoid penalties and fines. Keeping in touch with a trusted tax professional or Payroll service provider can help businesses stay on top of these changes.

Managing employee records and data

Employee records and data are an essential part of Payroll processing, but they can also be a challenge to manage. It's important to maintain accurate and up-to-date records to avoid errors and discrepancies. One way to streamline this process is to use an automated Payroll system that can track employee data and generate reports.

Addressing errors and discrepancies

Mistakes such as incorrect tax calculations or missed payments can happen in Payroll processing. These errors can result in dissatisfied employees and potential legal issues. To address errors and discrepancies, it's important to have a clear process in place for identifying and correcting mistakes. It is also crucial to communicate with employees promptly and transparently.

Dealing with Payroll fraud

Payroll fraud can take many forms, such as falsifying time cards or creating fake employees. It can be challenging to detect and prevent such activities, but there are some steps that businesses can take to minimise the risk. For instance, implementing strong internal controls, such as requiring multiple approvals for Payroll transactions. Regularly reviewing Payroll reports can also help identify any unusual activity.

Payroll best practices

Here are some of the top Payroll best practices that can help you streamline your Payroll operations and avoid common pitfalls.

Automating Payroll processes

Automating Payroll processes can save time and reduce errors. By using software to handle tasks such as calculating and processing Payroll, you can free up valuable time for other important business operations. Plus, automation can help reduce the risk of human error. 

Staying up-to-date with tax laws and regulations

Tax laws and regulations are constantly changing. Failing to keep up with these changes can lead to compliance issues and penalties. By staying up-to-date with tax laws and regulations, you can ensure that your business is in compliance and avoid costly penalties.

Training employees on Payroll policies and procedures

Training employees on Payroll policies and procedures can help ensure that everyone is on the same page. This can help reduce confusion and errors, and ensure that everyone knows what is expected of them. It's also a good idea to provide ongoing training to ensure that employees stay up-to-date with any changes or updates to your Payroll policies and procedures.

Maintaining accurate records and data

Maintaining accurate records and data is crucial for Payroll compliance. You should keep track of all Payroll information, including hours worked, pay rates, taxes, and deductions. Accurate records can help ensure that your business is in compliance with tax laws and regulations. It can also help you resolve any disputes that may arise. Furthermore, it can make it easier to generate reports and track trends over time.

Payroll: An important aspect of businesses

In conclusion, understanding Payroll in India can be challenging, but it's crucial for both employers and employees to know what it entails. From understanding the various inclusions and deductions to adhering to best practices, a good Payroll system can benefit everyone involved. By staying up-to-date with the latest regulations and seeking professional help when needed, businesses can ensure timely, accurate payments to their employees.

Answers to some of the most frequently asked questions about Payroll in India are provided below.


What are the inclusions of Payroll in India?

Payroll in India typically includes the following.

  • Basic salary

  • Allowances

  • Bonuses 

  • Statutory contributions

What are the charges associated with Payroll in India?

The charges associated with Payroll in India can vary depending on factors like the size of the company and the complexity of the Payroll process. They may include costs for software or outsourcing services, as well as fees for compliance with statutory regulations.

What are some best practices for Payroll in India?

Some best practices for Payroll in India include the following:

  • Keeping accurate records

  • Maintaining compliance with legal requirements

  • Regularly reviewing and updating the Payroll process

What are the consequences of non-compliance with Payroll regulations in India?

Non-compliance with Payroll regulations in India can result in penalties, fines, legal action, and damage to the reputation of the company. It is important to stay up-to-date with the latest regulations and ensure compliance to avoid these consequences.

Disclaimer: The content on this page is generic and shared only for informational and explanatory purposes. It is based on several secondary sources on the internet and is subject to changes. Please consult an expert before making any related decisions.


Want to post any comments?


A modern employee benefits plan built for post-Covid era

quote icon

Get Quote

quote icon