Minus/plus icon
ResourcesExplore the full ACKO experience and make the most of your plan

Home / Health Insurance / Articles / Minerals / The benefits of chromium for blood sugar regulation

The benefits of chromium for blood sugar regulation

Team AckoMay 23, 2024

Eating a balanced diet is crucial for providing your body with the essential nutrients it needs to function properly. Some nutrients must be obtained from external sources because the human body cannot make them independently. One such nutrient is chromium, a trace mineral that plays a vital role in insulin function. 

It helps regulate blood sugar levels by assisting the body in breaking down sugars and carbohydrates. Although research is ongoing to understand its effects fully, chromium is primarily known for enhancing insulin function and maintaining glucose balance in the body.

Chromium plays a crucial role in your body's processing of nutrients. It aids in the breakdown and storage of carbohydrates, proteins, and fats from food. It also helps your cells respond to insulin and facilitates the transport of glucose into cells for energy or storage.

In this article, we'll explore exactly how chromium can help you regulate your blood sugar levels. We will also list some good sources of chromium to ensure you're getting enough of this nutrient.





What Is Chromium?

Chromium is an essential mineral required for the proper functioning of your cells. It is found naturally in some foods and is also available in supplemental form. One of the primary roles chromium plays in the body is in insulin regulation. Insulin is a hormone secreted by the pancreas, and its job is to regulate glucose levels in the blood. Chromium helps to enhance the action of insulin in the body, leading to better glucose absorption and stabilisation.

Why Is It Important to Balance Your Blood Sugar?

Maintaining a healthy balance of blood sugar is important for a number of reasons. First, keeping your blood sugar in the normal range helps to avoid complications of diabetes, such as neuropathy and kidney disease. In addition, imbalanced blood sugar levels can lead to fatigue, decreased focus and concentration, difficulty losing or maintaining weight, and even depression.

How Does Chromium Help Balance Blood Sugar?

Chromium helps to support the body's ability to use insulin to absorb glucose from the bloodstream. Without enough chromium, cells cannot make full use of insulin, leading to inefficient glucose uptake and higher levels of glucose in the blood. Getting enough chromium can help your body to more efficiently process glucose, leading to lower levels of glucose in the blood.

Studies have also shown that chromium can help to reduce the risk of developing type 2 diabetes by improving insulin sensitivity. Insulin resistance is a common problem seen in individuals with type 2 diabetes, and it means that cells in the body don't respond to insulin properly, leading to poor glucose absorption. A sufficient intake of chromium can help to improve insulin sensitivity, reducing the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.

What Are the Best Sources of Chromium?

Chromium is found in a variety of foods, including egg yolks, brewer's yeast, black and green pepper, tomatoes, whole wheat, bananas, apples, and potatoes. If you're looking for a supplement form of chromium, you can find it in capsule, lozenge, and tablet forms. However, if you're going to take a supplement, you should speak with your doctor first to ensure it's right for you.

Foods That Are Rich in Chromium

Some of the best food items that can meet the chromium requirements of your body are as follows:

  1. Grape Juice: Grape juice stands out as a top source of chromium, a nutrient it contains in higher amounts than other foods. A single cup (240ml) of grape juice offers 21% of the recommended daily intake of chromium. But, this may vary depending on processing methods.

  2. Whole Wheat: Whole grain items such as muffins and bread can be a beneficial source of chromium. A single average-sized muffin provides 10% of the daily value of chromium. Along with this mineral, whole wheat also offers protein and fibre. One simple way to incorporate whole wheat flour into your diet is by swapping it out for regular flour.

  3. Lean Meat: Lean meats such as ham, beef, turkey, and chicken also contain chromium. Incorporating these into a regular diet is convenient and cost-effective, as they offer additional health benefits beyond their chromium content.

  4. Oranges: Oranges are more than just a source of vitamin C. Consuming slices of oranges or juicing them fresh are simple ways to add chromium to your diet. A single serving of orange juice, approximately 240 ml, provides 6% of the daily value of chromium.

  5. Brewer’s Yeast: Brewer's yeast, used in bread and beer making, is rich in chromium, with a 9% DV in just 12 grams. It adds protein to recipes and can aid in blood sugar management when taken with medications. 

  6. Eggs: A medium-sized egg provides 1% of the DV of chromium. As a superfood with complete protein, eggs can be a daily dietary staple for most individuals, promoting portion control.

  7. Tomato: A single serving of tomatoes provides 3.6% of the daily value of chromium. Tomatoes are a versatile vegetable that can be easily incorporated into any dish. In addition to chromium, tomatoes are rich in potassium and vitamins B and E.

  8. Oats: Oats are a popular breakfast choice due to their high chromium content, providing 13.79% of the daily recommended value. They also contain other essential nutrients like calcium, iron, magnesium, and fibre. Oatmeal has been linked to health benefits such as reducing cholesterol and easing constipation. 

  9. Broccoli: Broccoli is another excellent source of chromium, containing 22 mcg. Incorporating broccoli into your diet can promote satiety due to its fibre content. Its bioactive compounds may reduce inflammation. Additionally, broccoli is rich in vitamins C, K1, B9 and minerals like potassium, manganese, and iron. 

  10. Apples: Apples pack a punch of chromium, providing 1.4 mcg (4% of daily value). They also boast soluble fibre and polyphenols, an antioxidant that fights heart disease. Incorporating apples into your daily routine is easy. Enjoy them as a snack, sprinkle them on salads or cereal, or use them in baked goods.

How Much Chromium Do You Need?

The recommended daily allowance (RDA) of chromium is 35 micrograms. However, those with diabetes or prediabetes may require more. For example, those supplementing with chromium picolinate may require up to 500-800 micrograms per day, depending on individual needs. Those taking insulin or other diabetic medications may require higher levels, so be sure to consult with your physician before taking supplemental chromium.


In conclusion, chromium is an essential mineral for balancing blood sugar levels. It helps to enhance the body's ability to use insulin, resulting in better glucose absorption and greater glucose stability. Including chromium-rich foods such as eggs, wheat, bananas, and green peppers in your diet can help to ensure you're getting enough chromium in your diet. However, if you need supplemental chromium, it's best to speak with your doctor first.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Here are common answers to the most asked questions related to the benefits of chromium for blood sugar regulation.


What are the best sources of chromium?

Chromium is found in many foods, including egg yolks, brewer's yeast, black and green pepper, tomatoes, whole wheat, bananas, apples, and potatoes. You can also take chromium supplements, although it's best to consult with your doctor before doing so.

How much chromium do I need?

The recommended daily allowance (RDA) of chromium is 35 micrograms. However, those with diabetes or prediabetes may require more, such as 500-800 micrograms of chromium picolinate per day. Consult with your doctor to determine what's best for you.

What are the advantages of chromium for the human body?

While the exact role of chromium in the body is still not completely understood, it is believed to play a part in helping the body metabolize carbohydrates, fats, and proteins. Some individuals turn to chromium supplements for potential benefits, including lowering the risk of diabetes and managing conditions such as metabolic syndrome and polycystic ovary syndrome. Moreover, the nutrient can help with weight control and increase muscle mass.

Does eating chromium-rich foods increase blood pressure?

A deficiency of chromium in the body can lead to high blood pressure. Moreover, the deficiency of this nutrient can increase cholesterol and triglyceride levels. Foods rich in chromium are usually great for regulating your blood pressure and reducing obesity. 

What are the best foods that contain chromium?

Grape juice is the best edible source of chromium. Moreover, the nutrient is found in food items like tomatoes, broccoli, apples, and oranges. Grains like whole wheat and oats are also good sources of chromium. 


Want to post any comments?


Affordable Health Insurance for You & Your Family starting @ ₹20/day*

✅ 100% Room Rent Covered* ✅ Zero deductions at claims ✅ 7100+ Cashless Hospitals

quote icon

Check health insurance

quote icon