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Best Investment Options in India: A Handy Guide

Team AckoDec 6, 2023

Investing money is a crucial step towards securing your financial future. However, with numerous investment options available in India, choosing the best ones that align with your financial goals can be overwhelming. Here, we will explore some of the best investment options, providing you with valuable insights to make informed investment decisions.

Popular Investment Options in India



Top investment options available in India

With the right investment options, you can make your money work for you, generating substantial returns over time. In India, there are various investment avenues that cater to different risk appetites, investment horizons, and financial objectives. Here’s a list of some of the top investment options available in India. 

1. Fixed Deposits (FDs)

FDs offer a fixed return on your investment at a fixed interest rate over a specified period. They are primarily offered by banks, providing a safe haven for conservative investors. With Fixed Deposits, you can choose the tenure and interest payout frequency that suits your financial needs.

2. Public Provident Fund (PPF)

The Public Provident Fund (PPF) is a government-backed investment scheme that offers attractive returns along with tax benefits. It has a long-term tenure of 15 years, making it an ideal choice for individuals looking for secure and tax-efficient investment options. The interest earned on PPF is tax-free, and the invested amount is eligible for deduction under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act.

3. Equity Mutual Funds

Equity Mutual Funds provide an opportunity to invest in the stock market indirectly. These funds pool money from different investors to invest in a diversified portfolio of stocks. They are handled by professional fund managers who aim to generate high returns over the long term. They are ideal for investors with a higher risk appetite and a long investment horizon.

4. Real Estate

Investing in real estate has been a rewarding choice for wealth creation in India for decades. It offers potential capital appreciation and rental income. Real estate investments can range from residential properties, commercial properties, land, or even Real Estate Investment Trusts (REITs). However, it is important to conduct thorough research and due diligence before investing in real estate.

5. National Pension Scheme (NPS)

The National Pension Scheme (NPS) is a government-sponsored retirement savings scheme that aims to provide financial security during old age. It offers a mix of equity, corporate bonds, and government securities, allowing investors to build a retirement corpus. NPS provides tax benefits under Section 80C and allows partial withdrawals after a specified lock-in period.

6. Gold

It provides diversification to an investment portfolio. You can invest in gold in different forms, such as physical gold (coins, bars, jewellery) or gold Exchange-Traded Funds (ETFs). Gold prices are influenced by international market trends, making it a viable investment avenue.

7. Bonds and Debentures

Bonds and debentures are debt instruments issued by corporations and government entities to raise capital. They offer fixed interest payments and repayment of principal at maturity. Bonds and debentures provide a steady income stream and are suitable for risk-averse investors. It is essential to assess the creditworthiness of the issuer before investing in bonds and debentures.

8. Stock Market

Investing directly in the stock market provides an opportunity to own shares of companies and participate in their growth. It requires a thorough understanding of the stock market, company fundamentals, and market trends. Stock market investments can deliver substantial returns, but they also carry higher risks. It is advisable to seek professional guidance or conduct in-depth research before investing in individual stocks.

9. Systematic Investment Plans (SIPs)

They enable you to invest a fixed amount at regular intervals (monthly, quarterly) in a mutual fund scheme of your choice. This investment method reduces the impact of market volatility and enables you to benefit from rupee-cost averaging. SIPs are suitable for investors looking for long-term wealth creation.

10. Initial Public Offerings (IPOs)

Investing in Initial Public Offerings (IPOs) provides an opportunity to purchase shares of a company during its public listing. IPOs can offer significant gains if the company performs well in the market. However, investing in IPOs requires careful analysis of the company's financials, business prospects, and market conditions. 

11. Recurring Deposits (RDs)

RDs enable you to deposit a fixed amount at regular intervals, usually monthly, for a predetermined period. At the end of the tenure, you receive the principal amount along with the interest earned. Recurring Deposits are a suitable choice for individuals looking to save a fixed amount regularly and earn interest on their savings.

12. Unit Linked Insurance Plans (ULIPs)

Unit Linked Insurance Plans (ULIPs) offer a combination of life insurance and investment. A portion of the premium paid towards ULIPs is used to provide life cover, while the remaining amount is invested in various funds such as equity, debt, or balanced funds. ULIPs provide flexibility in choosing the investment options based on your risk appetite and financial goals.

13. Post Office Saving Schemes

Post Office Saving Schemes are secure investment options offered by India Post. These schemes offer competitive interest rates and are backed by the government. Post Office Saving Schemes are popular among risk-averse investors looking for stable returns.

14. Senior Citizen Savings Scheme (SCSS)

The Senior Citizen Savings Scheme (SCSS) is a government-backed investment option designed specifically for senior citizens. It offers attractive interest rates and regular income to senior citizens. The SCSS has a tenure of 5 years, extendable by an additional 3 years. The interest earned is taxable, but the invested amount is eligible for deduction under Section 80C.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Here’s a list of FAQs related to the top investment options available in India.


What is the minimum investment amount for Fixed Deposits (FDs)?

The minimum investment amount for Fixed Deposits varies across banks and financial institutions. Generally, it starts from as low as Rs. 1,000, making it accessible to a wide range of investors.

Can NRIs invest in the Public Provident Fund (PPF)?

No, Non-Residential Indians (NRIs) are not eligible to open a new PPF account. However, if an individual becomes an NRI after opening a PPF account, they can continue to contribute until the maturity period of 15 years.

How can I invest in Equity Mutual Funds?

To invest in Equity Mutual Funds, you need to open an account with a registered Asset Management Company (AMC) or a reliable online investment platform. You can invest either through lump-sum investments or systematic investment plans (SIPs).

Is there any lock-in period for the National Pension Scheme (NPS)?

Yes, the National Pension Scheme (NPS) has a mandatory lock-in period until the age of 60 years. However, partial withdrawals are allowed under specific conditions like higher education, marriage, or medical emergencies.

Are there any tax benefits for investing in Gold?

No, there are no specific tax benefits for investing in physical gold like coins, bars, or jewellery. However, gold ETFs are treated like mutual funds, and long-term capital gains on gold ETFs are taxed at a lower rate.

How can I invest in IPOs?

To invest in IPOs, you need to have a Demat account coupled with a trading account with a registered stockbroker. The IPO application can be made through net banking or ASBA (Application Supported by Blocked Amount) facility provided by banks.

What is the tenure for Recurring Deposits (RDs)?

The tenure for Recurring Deposits (RDs) can vary from 6 months to 10 years, depending on the bank or financial institution. You can select the tenure that suits your financial goals and investment preferences.

Are Post Office Saving Schemes safe?

Yes, Post Office Saving Schemes are considered safe as they are backed by the government of India. These schemes provide assured returns and are a reliable investment option for risk-averse individuals.

Disclaimer: The content on this page is generic and shared only for informational and explanatory purposes. It is based on several secondary sources on the internet, and is subject to changes. Please consult an expert before making related decisions. 


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