Estimate your income tax and gain clarity on your tax obligations using an income tax calculator.
Home / Life Insurance / Calculators / Income Tax Calculator
Tax season can be a stressful time for many people, with the fear of not paying the correct amount of taxes or facing penalties and fines. However, the Income Tax Calculator can help ease some of that stress. In this article, we will explore how to use the Income Tax Calculator for FY 2023-24 to calculate your taxes accurately. With this tool, you can ensure that you are paying the right amount of taxes and avoid any unnecessary hassle. So let's get started!
Income tax is a direct tax that is levied on the income earned by individuals, businesses, and organisations. The tax is calculated based on the income earned during a financial year, which runs from 1st April to 31st March of the following year. The income tax rate varies based on the income earned, with higher tax rates applicable to higher income earners.
The taxable income is calculated by deducting the allowable deductions and exemptions from the total income. The deductions are allowed under various sections of the Income Tax Act, such as Section 80C, Section 80D, etc. The exemptions are provided for certain incomes, such as agricultural income, dividends, etc. The total income includes all the income earned by the individual, such as salary, business income, capital gains, etc.
Calculating your income tax liability can be a complex process. The tax is calculated based on the income earned during a financial year, after adjusting for deductions and exemptions. Here's a step-by-step guide on how to calculate your income tax liability:
To determine your taxable income, you must first calculate your gross income, which includes all the income you received throughout the year, including your salary, wages, and any income from other sources. Once you have your gross income, you can subtract any deductions and exemptions to arrive at your taxable income.
Your tax bracket is the rate at which your income is taxed. The tax bracket you fall into depends on your taxable income and filing status.
Once you know your tax bracket, you can calculate your tax liability by multiplying your taxable income by your tax rate. However, the tax code is complex, and there are many deductions that can reduce your tax liability. It's important to consult a tax professional or use a reliable tax calculator to ensure accuracy.
Once you have calculated your tax liability, you can file your tax return.
The income tax rate varies based on the income earned during the financial year. The government revises the tax slabs and rates every year in the Union budget. Here are the tax slabs under the old regime for the financial year 2023-24.
Up to Rs. 2.5 lakh
Rs. 2.5 lakh to Rs. 5 lakh
Rs. 5 lakh to Rs. 7.5 lakh
Rs. 7.5 lakh to Rs. 10 lakh
Rs. 10 lakh to Rs. 12.5 lakh
Rs. 12.5 lakh to Rs. 15 lakh
Above Rs. 15 lakh
Here are the tax slabs under the new regime for the financial year 2023-24.
Applicable Tax Rate
Up to Rs 3 lakh
Above Rs 3 lakh and up to Rs 6 lakh
Above Rs 6 lakh and up to Rs 9 lakh
Above Rs 9 lakh and up to Rs 12 lakh
Above Rs 12 lakh and up to Rs 15 lakh
Above Rs 15 lakh
The following are the essential factors that affect your income tax calculation.
Your income is the primary factor that determines your tax liability. The higher your income, the higher your tax liability. Your income includes your salary, business profits, and other sources of income, such as rental income, interest income, and capital gains.
Your age plays a crucial role in income tax calculation. The tax exemption limit is different for individuals under 60 years and those above 60 years. Senior citizens and super senior citizens are eligible for higher tax exemptions.
Deductions are expenses that can be subtracted from your income to reduce your tax liability. Deductions can be claimed for expenses such as medical insurance, education loan, and donations to charitable organisations.
Investments in various tax-saving instruments such as Public Provident Fund (PPF), Equity-Linked Savings Scheme (ELSS), and National Pension Scheme (NPS), etc., can also help you reduce your tax liability.
One of the best ways to reduce your income tax liability is by investing in tax-saving schemes. Here are some of the most popular tax-saving investments.
This investment plan provides tax-free returns and tax benefits under Section 80C for the long-term. The investment is subject to a lock-in period of 15 years, and the maximum amount that can be invested per year is Rs. 1.5 lakh.
Check out PPF Calculator: https://www.acko.com/calculators/ppf-calculator/
This is an investment scheme in which the majority of the funds are invested in stocks, and it provides tax advantages under Section 80C. This scheme has a lock-in period of three years, and you can invest up to Rs. 1.5 lakh per year. ELSS has the potential to offer higher returns than traditional tax-saving investments, but it also involves higher risk.
NPS is a long-term retirement investment scheme that offers tax benefits under Section 80C and Section 80CCD. The investment has a lock-in period until retirement, and you can invest up to 10% of your salary or Rs. 1.5 lakh per year, whichever is lower. NPS offers the option of choosing between equity, debt, and government securities as investment options.
Check out NPS Calculator: https://www.acko.com/calculators/nps-calculator/
ULIP is a life insurance cum investment plan that offers tax benefits under Section 80C. The investment has a lock-in period of 5 years, and you can invest up to Rs. 1.5 lakh per year. ULIPs offer the potential for higher returns than traditional insurance plans, but also involve higher risk.
Apart from tax-saving investments, there are other strategies you can use to reduce your income tax liability. Here are some of the most effective tax planning strategies.
Here are some of the most common deductions available to taxpayers.
Section 80C deductions: Investments in PPF, ELSS, NSC, and other eligible schemes.
Section 80D deductions: Medical insurance premiums paid for self, spouse, and dependent children.
Section 80E deductions: Interest paid on education loan.
Section 24 deductions: Interest paid on home loan.
If you have a spouse or children who have lower income than you, you can consider splitting your income with them. This can be done by giving them money or investing in their name, which can reduce your overall tax liability.
If you receive House Rent Allowance (HRA) or Leave Travel Allowance (LTA) as part of your salary, you can claim tax benefits on these allowances. You can claim HRA for the rent paid, and LTA for the expenses incurred on travel within India.
No, most Income Tax Calculators are free to use.
An Income Tax Calculator works by taking into account your income, deductions, and investments to calculate your tax liability. You simply enter your details into the calculator, and it will provide you with an estimate of how much tax you need to pay.
There are no significant risks associated with using an Income Tax Calculator, as long as you use a reputable tool and enter your details correctly. However, it is always a good idea to double-check your calculations with a tax professional.
An Income Tax Calculator can only provide you with an estimate of your tax liability. It cannot take into account any changes in tax laws or exemptions that may apply to your specific situation.
No, an Income Tax Calculator is only a tool to help you calculate your tax liability. You will still need to file your tax returns through the appropriate channels.
Yes, an Income Tax Calculator is accurate as long as you enter your details correctly. However, it is important to note that it is only an estimate and may not be exact.
You will need to provide details about your income, such as your salary, business income, and capital gains, as well as any deductions and investments you have made in the corresponding financial year.
Using an Income Tax Calculator in FY 2023-24 can help you plan your finances better by giving you an estimate of your tax liability. It can also help you identify opportunities to save on taxes by claiming deductions and investing in tax-saving instruments.
Disclaimer: The content on this page is generic and shared only for informational and explanatory purposes. It is based on industry experience and several secondary sources on the internet, and is subject to changes.