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How to Get a PUC Certificate for your Vehicle (Car and Bike)

Team AckoAug 29, 2022

There are several mandatory documents that you need to have to legally drive/ride a vehicle in India, and the PUC Certificate is one of them. Every motor vehicle in India needs to undergo and clear the PUC test to comply with the rules and regulations of The Motor Vehicles Act. If you want details, read ahead, as this article provides deep insights into the vehicle pollution certificate and the process involved in obtaining the PUC Certificate for vehicles.

Vehicle Emission Test Procedure for PUC Certificate

What is a Pollution Under Control (PUC) Certificate?

The PUC Certificate stands for "Pollution Under Control Certificate" (full form). It is a mandatory document for every vehicle owner in India. This certificate states that you can legally ride/drive a vehicle in India with respect to meeting environmental standards. In other words, it is a validation document that states that the vehicle’s emission levels are within the permissible levels set by the government.

The PUC Certificate is issued by the authorised emission testing centres across the country. The issuance of an emission test certificate involves a thorough examination of the vehicle’s exhaust gas, and the test results are mentioned in the vehicle pollution certificate.

How to get a PUC Certificate

Here are the ways to get a PUC certificate for your four-wheeler or two-wheeler.

  • Offline: By visiting the emission test centre

  • Online: Through the VAHAN (Parivahan) portal

How to get a PUC Certificate offline

Here are the steps to obtain a vehicle pollution certificate offline.

  • Step 1: Take your vehicle (two-wheeler/four-wheeler) to the nearest emission testing centre.

  • Step 2: The testing centre operator will analyse the exhaust emission by placing the testing device inside the vehicle’s exhaust pipe.

  • Step 3: The operator will generate the PUC certificate with the emission readings.

  • Step 4: Pay the applicable fees and collect the pollution certificate.

You can get a PUC Certificate at the following places.

  • Fuel stations across the country with emission testing centres.

  • Authorised emission testing centres with computerised testing equipment.

  • Licenced standalone emission testing centres.

Steps to get a PUC Certificate online

Here are the steps to get an online PUC Certificate.

  • Step 1: Visit the VAHAN portal of the Parivahan website.

  • Step 2: Click on “PUC Certificate”.

  • Step 3: Enter the vehicle registration number, chassis number (last five characters) and verification code.

  • Step 4: Click on “PUC Details”.

  • Step 5: Print or download the pollution certificate.

Note that you can only get the existing (active pollution certificate) PUC Certificate by following the above-mentioned steps. You cannot renew or apply for a new pollution certificate online.

What is the emission test procedure to obtain a PUC Certificate?

The following steps will explain the procedure involved in the vehicle emission test for issuing PUC Certificate. It is a simple procedure that takes only a few minutes.

  • Step 1: Take your vehicle to the emission testing centre and position the vehicle as per the instructions stated by the emission testing device operator. 

  • Step 2: The testing centre operator will insert a device inside the exhaust pipe.

  • Step 3: Start your vehicle and rev the engine so the device can analyse the exhaust emissions.

  • Step 4: The device will display the readings on the computer screen.

  • Step 5: The operator will click a picture of your vehicle’s registration plate and generate the PUC certificate.

  • Step 6: Pay the fees and collect the pollution certificate.

How to download your PUC Certificate

The ‘PUC certificate download’ process has become simpler, thanks to the official VAHAN portal. You can follow the following steps to download the pollution certificate online.

  • Step 1: Visit the VAHAN portal’s official website.

  • Step 2: Click on “PUC Certificate” from the top menu bar.

  • Step 3: Input details like vehicle registration number, chassis number (last five characters) and security code.

  • Step 4: Click the “PUC Details” button.

  • Step 5: Next page will display the PUC Certificate details. You can either download or print the pollution certificate.

Pollution Under Control (PUC) Certificate charges

The bike/car PUC charges depend on fuel and vehicle types. The car/bike pollution certificate price ranges from Rs. 60 to Rs. 100, depending on the type of vehicle and type of fuel. Also, the PUC Certificate price can vary from one state to another.

How to check the status of your PUC Certificate online

Checking the PUC status online is quick, easy and straightforward. All you need is an internet-enabled smartphone or computer to check the pollution certificate online. Follow the steps mentioned below to check PUC details online.

  • Step 1: Visit the VAHAN portal via the Parivahan website.

  • Step 2: Select “PUC Certificate”.

  • Step 2: Enter your vehicle’s registration number and chassis number.

  • Step 3: On the next page, you can view the status of your PUC Certificate.

Can you renew your PUC certificate online?

If you are looking to renew PUC online, then you should be aware of the fact that the process cannot be completed online. Your vehicle must undergo an emission test to renew the pollution certificate. And for that to happen, you must take the vehicle to the nearest emission testing centre. Hence, PUC renewal online is not possible.

How to find RTO approved PUC Centres

You can easily find the RTO-approved PUC centres online via the Parivahan online portal. Here are the steps for it. 

  • Step 1: Log on to Parivahan’s VAHAN online portal.

  • Step 2: Click on “PUC Centre List” from the top menu bar.

Step 3: Choose the ‘State and Office’ from the drop-down list to view the list of RTO-approved vehicle pollution testing centres.

Why is a PUC Certificate mandatory in India?

The PUC Certificate is mandatory in India to ensure that the vehicle’s emission levels comply with the pollution norms. Every motor vehicle (two/three/four-wheelers) must have a pollution certificate, irrespective of fuel type.

The Motor Vehicles Act, 1988 states that the pollution certificate for vehicles is a mandatory document to drive your vehicle legally on the roads. It is an essential document since it determines the amount of carbon emissions the vehicle produces, which is one of the key contributing factors to the rising air pollution.

PUC rules and regulations in India

Here are the rules and regulations related to pollution certificates for vehicles. Note that these are subject to changes.

  • The permissible emission levels for vehicles are fixed under Rule 115 (2) of The Motor Vehicles Act, 1988.

  • The acceptable emission levels for vehicles keep changing on a regular basis as per the government’s directives to keep the pollution levels in check.

  • ARAI (Automotive Research Association of India) rolls out directives related to examining vehicle exhaust emissions, limits and updated regulations.

  • The PUC norms and the certificate format remain the same across the country.

  • If the vehicle fails the PUC test (emission levels exceed the permissible level), the testing centre can issue a rejection slip.

  • Under circumstances of non-compliance to the pollution norms, the registration authority can suspend the RC (Registration Certificate) and any other permits (with reasons recorded in writing) of the vehicle till the owner obtains a valid pollution certificate.

Contents of the PUC Certificate

A Pollution Under Control Certificate contains the following details.

  • PUC Certificate serial number

  • Vehicle details (registration number)

  • The date of the emission certificate test

  • Validity of the vehicle pollution certificate

  • Emission test readings

How long is your PUC Certificate valid?

The validity of the Pollution Under Control Certificate is limited, and it differs for new and old vehicles. Here are more details about PUC Certificate validity in India.

  • PUC validity for a car: The new car PUC validity stands at 1 year. Post that period; you need to renew the pollution certificate every 6 months.

  • PUC validity for a bike: The pollution certificate validity for a new bike stands at 1 year. Once you cross that period, the renewed PUC Certificate is valid for 6 months.

Pollution certificate for new car (Permissible Levels)

A pollution certificate for a new car is a must as per The Motor Vehicles Act. It is a mandatory document to legally drive a vehicle in India. You can refer to the following table to learn about the PUC rules (permissible levels) for new cars.

Type of vehicle Carbon Monoxide (in %) Hydrocarbon (in PPM)
BS6 and BS4 four-wheelers (CNG/LPG) 0.3 200
BS6 and BS4 four-wheelers (Petrol) 0.3 200

Pollution certificate for new bike (Permissible Levels)

The PUC Certificate for new bikes is mandatory as per the rules and regulations of The Motor Vehicles Act. You can go through the following table to learn about the norms (permissible levels) for two-wheeler pollution certificates.

Type of vehicle Carbon Monoxide (in %) Hydrocarbon (in PPM)
BS6 two-wheelers/three-wheelers (CNG/LPG) 0.5 500
BS6 two-wheelers/three-wheelers (Petrol) 0.5 500

Pollution certificate for diesel vehicles (Permissible Levels)

The emission testing of diesel vehicles is different from petrol vehicles. Hence, the rules for PUC for diesel vehicles are slightly different. Here are the details about pollution testing norms (permissible levels) for vehicles running on diesel fuel.

Type of test Light Absorption Coefficient Maximum Smoke Density in Hartridge units
Free acceleration test of BS4 diesel vehicles (naturally aspirated and turbocharged engine) 1.62 50
Free acceleration test of pre-BS4 diesel vehicles (naturally aspirated and turbocharged engine) 2.45 65

Pollution certificate for old vehicles (Cars, Bikes and Three Wheelers)

Here are the details pertaining to the PUC norms (permissible levels) for old vehicles, including cars, bikes and three-wheelers.

Type of vehicle Carbon Monoxide (in %) Hydrocarbon (in PPM)
BS2 four-wheelers (Petrol) 3 1,500
BS3 four-wheelers (Petrol) 0.5 750
Two/four-stroke two/three-wheelers manufactured on or before March 31, 2000 4.5 9,000
Two-stroke two/three-wheelers manufactured after March 31, 2000 3.5 6,000
Four-stroke two/three-wheelers manufactured after March 31, 2000 3.5 4,500

Should I carry the PUC Certificate while driving the vehicle?

Yes, you must carry a copy of the PUC Certificate (soft or hard copy) while driving the vehicle. As per the rules and regulations of The Motor Vehicles Act, the pollution certificate is a mandatory document to drive a vehicle legally in India. You can be penalised if you fail to produce the PUC Certificate during a general inspection.

Penalties for not obtaining a Pollution Under Control Certificate 

According to The Motor Vehicles Act, a PUC Certificate is mandatory to drive a vehicle in India. Not complying with the rules and regulations can attract penalties under Section 190 (2) of The Motor Vehicles Act. The penalty for not obtaining a PUC Certificate stands at Rs. 1,000 for the first-time offence. For a repeat offence, the penalty inflates to Rs. 2,000. Note that the penalties can also vary from one state to another.

Frequently Asked Questions:

Let’s look at some of the most frequently asked questions and their answers related to the PUC Certificate for vehicles.

Do I need to obtain a pollution certificate for a new car?

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Yes, you need to have a PUC Certificate for a new car. Typically, the car dealer will provide the pollution certificate when you buy the vehicle, which is valid for a year.

Can I get the PUC Certificate for my vehicle in another state?

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Yes, you can obtain the Pollution Under Control Certificate in another state.

Is the Pollution Under Control Certificate valid all over India?

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Yes, the PUC Certificate is valid throughout the country.

Can I renew the PUC Certificate before the expiry date?

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You can renew the pollution certificate before the expiry date. Driving your vehicle with an expired PUC Certificate can attract penalties. Hence, it’s advisable to renew before expiry.

What is the grace period for PUC Certificate renewal?

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The grace period for the renewal of the vehicle pollution certificate stands at seven days from the date of expiry.

What type of vehicles require a Pollution Under Control Certificate in India?

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All motor vehicles that run on (ICE) Internal Combustion Engines (CNG/LPG, petrol/diesel) need to have a PUC Certificate.

How much does it cost to obtain a vehicle PUC Certificate?

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The cost of a PUC Certificate depends on the type of vehicle and fuel type. It usually ranges from Rs. 60 to Rs. 100.

How can I check the details and status of my car’s PUC Certificate?

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You can visit the official website of Parivahan to check the pollution certificate details and status online.

Do I need to get a PUC Certificate for BS6 vehicles?

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Yes, you need to obtain the Pollution Under Control Certificate for BS6 vehicles.

What is the validity of the BS6 vehicle pollution certificate?

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The validity of a PUC Certificate for a new BS6 vehicle is one year. Post that, you must renew the pollution certificate every six months.

Can I obtain a PUC Certificate online?

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You cannot get a vehicle pollution certificate online. You need to visit the emission testing centre with your vehicle to get the PUC Certificate.

What is the validity of the pollution certificate for new two-wheelers?

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The validity of the PUC Certificate for new two-wheelers is one year. Generally, it is issued by the vehicle manufacturer, and the vehicle dealer will provide you with the certificate.

Where can I get the pollution certificate for my bike?

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You can obtain the PUC Certificate for your bike from any of the authorised emission testing centres.

Are the emission testing centres open on all days of the week?

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Generally, the PUC centres are open on all days of the week. However, you can confirm the same with your nearest emission testing centre.

Can the emission test for my car be done at home?

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Currently, there is no such facility available. Hence, you need to take your car to the nearest PUC centre to get the emission test done.

How can I renew the Pollution Under Control Certificate issued in a different state?

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You can visit the emission testing centre to renew the PUC Certificate issued in a different state. Since PUC is valid across the country, you can renew it from any state.

Is there a late fee for renewing an expired PUC Certificate?

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There is no late fee for renewing an expired vehicle pollution certificate. You can visit the nearest emission test centre to renew the PUC Certificate.

Can I upload the PUC Certificate in the DigiLocker app?

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Currently, the pollution certificate is not available on the DigiLocker app. Hence, you need to carry a soft or hard copy of the PUC Certificate when you drive the vehicle.

How can I update the vehicle registration number in the pollution certificate?

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You cannot update the vehicle registration number in PUC Certificate. Only the authorised PUC centres can issue the certificate with the vehicle registration number.

What should I do if I lose my PUC Certificate?

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If you lose the pollution certificate, you can get it online by visiting the Parivahan portal. You can either download or print the certificate within a few clicks.

What is the procedure to submit a PUC Certificate online application?

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One cannot submit a pollution certificate online application as it requires you to take the vehicle to an emission testing centre. You can only download the existing PUC online.


Disclaimer: The information mentioned on this page is compiled from different websites and government sources. The information may be updated from time to time. Hence, please refer to the respective government websites and verify before making any decisions.

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