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First Aid Guide: Chemical Splash in the eye

Team AckoJul 19, 2023

Chemical Splashes in the eye can be a terrifying experience, but knowing how to administer first aid can make all the difference. In this article, we have highlighted the steps that you should take in case of such an event. 




What is Chemical Splash in the Eye?

Chemical Splash in the eye refers to the exposure of the eye to a hazardous substance. Such a situation can occur due to various reasons such as mishandling of chemicals, accidents, or work-related incidents. When a Chemical comes in contact with the eye, it can cause immediate irritation, redness, pain, and in severe cases, vision loss.

First Aid steps for Chemical Splash in the Eye

Here’s a quick guide of what you can do when you get Chemical Splash in the eye.

  • Flush the affected eye with clean, lukewarm water for at least 15 minutes.

  • Use a gentle stream of water, avoiding excessive pressure that may cause further damage.

  • Keep the unaffected eye closed to prevent cross-contamination.

  • Seek medical attention immediately after rinsing. While waiting for medical help, continue to rinse the eye.

  • Avoid rubbing or applying any medication unless instructed by a doctor.

  • Protect the eye with a sterile dressing or covering until you receive proper medical care.

Symptoms of Chemical Splash in Eye

Here’s a rundown of some signs of Chemical Splash in the eye.

  • Eye redness and irritation

  • Blurred vision

  • Watery eyes

  • Eye pain or discomfort

  • Sensation of something in the eye

  • Increased sensitivity to light

  • Swelling around the eye

  • Difficulty opening the eye

  • Eye discharge

  • Eye twitching

Causes of Chemical Splash in Eye

Chemical Splashes in the eye can occur due to various reasons. Listed below are some of the common causes.

  • Accidental spills or splashes while handling chemicals

  • Improper use or storage of chemicals

  • Failure to wear appropriate eye protection

  • Lack of awareness or training regarding chemical safety

  • Equipment malfunction or failure

  • Environmental factors, such as strong winds or turbulence

Types of chemicals that can cause eye splashes

Some potential chemicals include the following.

  • Acids and bases: These can cause severe damage to the eyes upon contact.

  • Irritants: Substances such as pepper spray or tear gas can lead to eye Splashes and discomfort.

  • Solvents: Chemicals like paint thinners or cleaning agents may cause eye Splashes if not handled properly.

  • Corrosive substances: Strong alkalis or acids can result in severe eye burns if they come into contact with the eyes.

  • Irritating gases: Certain gases, like ammonia or chlorine, can cause eye Splashes and respiratory issues if inhaled.

Potential errors 

Here are some potential errors people may make when responding to Chemical eye splashes

  • One potential error is not immediately rinsing the eye with water. 

  • Another error is rubbing the eye, which can further irritate it. 

  • Also, some people may delay seeking medical attention, even if they are experiencing severe symptoms. 

  • Further, not properly removing contact lenses before rinsing the eye can trap harmful chemicals against the eye surface.

Tips to prevent Chemical Splashes in the first place

Here are some tips regarding Chemical Splashes in the first place.

  1. Wear appropriate gear. 

  2. Make sure chemicals are stored properly in sealed containers.

  3. Handle chemicals with care and avoid unnecessary movement or shaking.

  4. Use Splash guards or barriers when working with chemicals.

  5. Follow proper handling and pouring techniques to minimise the risk of spills.

  6. Avoid working alone with hazardous chemicals and always have a buddy system in place.

  7. Regularly inspect and maintain safety equipment, such as eyewash stations and safety showers.

  8. Stay informed about the hazards and safe handling procedures for each chemical you work with.

Some common chemicals encountered in different settings

Here are some common chemicals that are encountered in household or workplace and their specific first aid requirements.

  • Bleach: If ingested, call for medical help immediately. Do not induce vomiting.

  • Ammonia: Inhalation may cause respiratory issues. Move to fresh air and seek medical help if symptoms persist.

  • Hydrochloric acid: Do not let this come in contact with skin and eyes. 

  • Acetone: Highly flammable. Keep away from open flames and sparks. Use in well-ventilated areas.

  • Isopropyl alcohol: Flammable. Keep away from heat and ignition sources. Use in well-ventilated areas.

  • Sodium hydroxide: Avoid contact. Flush skin or eye exposure with water for 15 minutes and seek medical attention.

Consequences of ignoring or mishandling Chemical splashes

Ignoring or mishandling Chemical Splashes in general can have severe consequences for both personal health and safety.

  • Firstly, direct contact with corrosive chemicals can cause chemical burns, leading to pain, tissue damage, and potential scarring. 

  • Ingestion or inhalation of toxic substances can result in poisoning, which may damage internal organs and even be fatal. 

  • Moreover, failing to properly address Chemical Splashes can lead to environmental contamination, polluting water sources or air quality. 

  • Also, neglecting to follow proper safety protocols can result in workplace accidents, endangering individuals and causing potential legal and financial repercussions for organisations. 

Frequently Asked Questions

Here are some queries and their answers regarding Chemical Splashes in the eye.


How can I prevent Chemical Splashes in the eye?

Ensure appropriate eye protection such as goggles or face shields.

Should I rinse my eyes with water immediately after a Chemical splash?

Yes, you should rinse your eyes with water immediately after a Chemical Splash to minimise the potential damage.

Can I use any type of water to flush my eye?

It is best to use clean, lukewarm water to flush your eye. Avoid using water from unknown sources.

Should I remove contact lenses before rinsing my eye?

Yes, you should remove contact lenses before rinsing your eye to ensure proper flushing.

What should I do if the Chemical Splash causes severe pain or vision loss?

If the Chemical Splash causes severe pain or vision loss, seek immediate medical attention.

Can I use eye drops after rinsing my eye?

It is generally advised to avoid using eye drops immediately after rinsing the eye, unless directed by a medical professional.

How should I position my head while rinsing my eye?

When rinsing your eye, tilt your head slightly downward, keep your affected eye open and allow the water to flow out and prevent it from entering your other eye.

Can I use saline instead of water to rinse my eye after a Chemical Splash?

It can be used to rinse the eye after a Chemical Splash, especially if clean, lukewarm water is not readily available. However, it is best to consult with a medical professional for specific guidance.


Disclaimer: The content on this page is generic and shared only for informational and explanatory purposes. Please consult a doctor before making any health-related decisions.


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