Minus/plus icon
ResourcesExplore the full ACKO experience and make the most of your plan

Home / Health Insurance / Articles / Medical Tests / High Hemoglobin Count: Meaning, symptoms, causes, and other details

High Hemoglobin Count: Meaning, symptoms, causes, and other details

Team AckoFeb 16, 2024

Hemoglobin is a vital component of our blood that carries oxygen throughout the body. However, an elevated Hemoglobin count can indicate an underlying health condition. Here, we will explore the meaning, symptoms, causes, and other details regarding High Hemoglobin Count to help you gain a deeper understanding of this medical condition.




What is a High Hemoglobin Count?

A High Hemoglobin Count refers to an excess of red blood cells in the bloodstream. It is also known as polycythemia and can occur due to various factors. This can have a significant impact on your overall health. 

What are considered to be High Hemoglobin Levels?

Here’s a table highlighting High Hemoglobin Levels.


High Hemoglobin Levels

Adult Male

16.5 grams per decilitre

Adult female

16 grams per decilitre


16.6 grams per decilitre


18 grams per decilitre

Symptoms of High Hemoglobin Count

High Hemoglobin Count symptoms can vary from person to person and may include the following. 

Causes of High Hemoglobin Count

Understanding the causes of a High Hemoglobin Count is crucial for effective management. Here are some common causes of this condition.

  • Chronic lung diseases can lead to reduced oxygen levels in the blood, prompting the body to produce more red blood cells.

  • Heart conditions can cause an increase in red blood cell production as the heart struggles to pump blood effectively.

  • Smoking tobacco products can lead to decreased oxygen levels and trigger an increase in red blood cell production.

  • Living at high altitudes, where oxygen levels are lower. 

  • Kidney tumours. 

  • Polycythemia vera, a rare bone marrow disorder, causes the overproduction of red blood cells independent of the body's oxygen needs.

Treatment for High Hemoglobin Count

Here are some common treatment methods for High Hemoglobin Count. 

  • Phlebotomy: This procedure involves removing blood from your body to reduce the number of red blood cells. It can provide immediate relief from symptoms associated with High Hemoglobin Count.

  • Medications: Your doctor may prescribe medications to address the underlying cause or manage symptoms. These may include aspirin to prevent blood clots or medications to control underlying conditions like COPD or heart failure.

  • Oxygen therapy: If your body is not receiving enough oxygen, supplemental oxygen therapy may be recommended to alleviate symptoms and prevent complications.

  • Lifestyle changes: Making certain lifestyle modifications can play a crucial role in managing High Hemoglobin Count. 

Diagnosis of High Hemoglobin Count

To diagnose High Hemoglobin Count, your healthcare provider will conduct a thorough evaluation, which may involve the following.

  • Medical history: The doctor will note your symptoms, medical history, and any underlying conditions that could contribute to a High Hemoglobin Count.

  • Physical examination: A physical examination will help your doctor assess your overall health and identify any signs associated with High Hemoglobin Count.

  • Blood tests: A complete blood count (CBC) will measure the levels of red blood cells, hemoglobin, and other components in your blood. 

  • Genetic testing: This may be conducted to identify genetic mutations associated with polycythemia vera.

Prevention of High Hemoglobin Count

While certain factors contributing to High Hemoglobin Count, such as genetic mutations, cannot be prevented, here are some measures you can take. 

  • Avoid smoking

  • Stay hydrated

  • Manage underlying health conditions

When to see a doctor

It is crucial to seek medical attention if you experience any symptoms associated with High Hemoglobin Count or if you have concerns about your blood count. Additionally, make an appointment with your doctor if you have a family history of polycythemia vera or other blood disorders.

What is the difference between high hemoglobin and hematocrit?

Hemoglobin and hematocrit are two related but distinct measurements used to assess the composition of blood. While they both provide information about red blood cells, there are differences between them.

While both high hemoglobin and high hematocrit values suggest an excess of red blood cells, they provide slightly different perspectives on blood composition. Hemoglobin specifically measures the concentration of the oxygen-carrying protein, whereas hematocrit assesses the proportion of red blood cells in relation to the total blood volume.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Here are some FAQs about High Hemoglobin Count.


Can a High Hemoglobin Count be a sign of cancer?

Yes, in some cases, a High Hemoglobin Count can be associated with certain types of cancers, such as kidney cancer.

Is High Hemoglobin Count more common in men or women?

High Hemoglobin Count can affect both men and women, but it is more commonly observed in men.

Can stress contribute to a High Hemoglobin Count?

Stress alone is not a direct cause of High Hemoglobin Count. However, stress can trigger certain physiological responses that may indirectly affect red blood cell production.

Are there any natural remedies to lower a High Hemoglobin Count?

While natural remedies cannot directly lower a High Hemoglobin Count, certain lifestyle changes, such as staying hydrated and quitting smoking, can contribute to its management.

Can a High Hemoglobin Count cause complications during pregnancy?

Yes, a High Hemoglobin Count during pregnancy can pose risks to both the mother and the baby. 

Can high altitude training increase hemoglobin count?

Yes, training at high altitudes can lead to an increase in the hemoglobin count. 

Can medications increase hemoglobin?

Yes, certain medications can increase hemoglobin levels in the body. 

Can dehydration lead to high hemoglobin?

Yes, dehydration can potentially lead to high hemoglobin levels in the body. When the body becomes dehydrated, there is a decrease in blood plasma volume, which is the liquid component of blood. This reduction in plasma volume can result in a relative increase in the concentration of red blood cells, including hemoglobin, within the blood.

As the plasma becomes more concentrated due to dehydration, the hemoglobin becomes more concentrated as well, leading to higher hemoglobin levels. This can give the appearance of High Hemoglobin Count on blood tests.

It's important to note that the increase in hemoglobin due to dehydration is primarily a result of changes in plasma volume rather than an actual increase in the number of red blood cells produced by the body. Dehydration can mask the true state of an individual's hemoglobin count by artificially elevating the levels.

Disclaimer: The content on this page is generic and shared only for informational and explanatory purposes. Please consult a doctor before making any health-related decisions.


Want to post any comments?


Affordable Health Insurance for You & Your Family starting @ ₹20/day*

✅ 100% Room Rent Covered* ✅ Zero deductions at claims ✅ 7100+ Cashless Hospitals

quote icon

Check health insurance

quote icon