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Pediatrics: Meaning, Scope and Other details

Team AckoJul 3, 2023

While children can be a constant source of joy, managing them through sickness and diseases can be quite a task. This task becomes easy if you know what to do and whom to consult at that moment. So, we have this article that's dedicated to Pediatrics, its scope, and everything you need to know as a parent. 




What is Pediatrics? 

Paediatrics is a medical specialty concerned with the health of newborns, children, and adolescents. It includes medical care, diagnosis, and treatment of a variety of conditions, illnesses, and developmental challenges unique to these age groups. Pediatricians are specialised doctors who devote their skills to providing comprehensive treatment for children.

What is covered under Pediatrics?

Let's take a deeper look at some of the most critical aspects of Pediatrics.

  • Pediatricians treat children from infancy through adolescence. Each stage of childhood brings with it its own set of health concerns and developmental milestones, which Pediatricians are equipped to treat.

  • Numerous common pediatric health issues, such as respiratory infections, allergies, asthma, ear infections, colds, and digestive problems are addressed by Pediatricians. They offer advice on controlling symptoms and avoiding recurrences too.

  • This specialty is specially trained to track age-wise milestones in children. 

  • Pediatricians are experts in preventive care. They promote good health throughout the early years. This can help them to grow up to be a healthy adult.

  • Pediatricians assist children in maintaining optimal health by regularly monitoring growth trends. They can recognise any possible concerns early on, and treat accordingly.

  • Pediatricians ensure regular check-ups, vaccines, and screenings for the general well-being of a child.

  • Pediatrics also comprise subspecialties like neonatology (treatment for newborns and preterm babies), pediatric cardiology (heart issues in children), pediatric oncology (cancer in children), and pediatric gastroenterology (digestive system abnormalities in children). These subspecialties provide specialised care and in-depth experience across a spectrum of pediatric disorders.

  • Pediatricians recognise the importance of emotional and behavioural health in children. 

Role of Pediatricians in guiding parents 

If you have a child at home, chances are that you have a “go-to” pediatrician too. And for all the good reasons so!

Pediatricians serve as trusted advisers for parents, providing a wealth of knowledge and assistance. They provide specialist advice on topics including nutrition, immunisations, safety, and sleep habits. 

Paediatricians closely monitor developmental milestones so that parents may see how their kid is growing and identify any issues early on. They also provide practical advice on behaviour management and emotional well-being. Pediatricians are concerned about the emotional health of parents as well, offering comfort, and connecting them with mental health services as required. 

The best part is that Pediatricians provide personalised assistance, taking into account each child's requirements. This enables parents to make educated decisions that keep their children healthy and happy.

Conditions where you might need a pediatric consultation

While there are many ways a Pediatrician can help your child's health, here is a list of the common problems faced by parents.

  1. If your child has difficulties with feeding, poor weight gain, or specific nutritional needs, a Pediatrician can help. They provide nutritional guides and feeding techniques suited for your baby.

  2. If your kid suffers from a chronic illness, such as asthma, diabetes, allergies, or epilepsy, regular visits to the Pediatrician are needed. 

  3. Children often have sleep issues. Insomnia, sudden awakenings, and poor sleep quality are major ones. Pediatricians are trained to get to the core of these issues and resolve them.

  4. If your child is showing behavioural issues like trouble paying attention, being overly active, acting aggressive, or experiencing emotional disturbances, a pediatric consultation can help. The pediatrician will evaluate the situation and suggest suitable interventions to address these concerns.

  5. If you notice delays or concerns in your child's growth, motor skills, speech and language development, or social interactions, a pediatric consultation can help assess and address these developmental issues.

  6. For any injury or illness-whether it's a high fever, persistent cough, ear infection, or sprained ankle, a Pediatrician can provide expert medical care specific to children.

Pediatrics and children with special needs

Children with special needs are those who have unique health conditions/disabilities requiring additional support and intervention. These conditions can include physical disabilities, developmental delays, and behavioural or intellectual challenges like autism or Down syndrome. 

Pediatricians are skilled in caring for these children. They diagnose and provide early intervention, coordinate comprehensive care, manage medical treatments, support their development, advocate for their needs, offer educational guidance to families, and collaborate with other professionals. Pediatricians are the “guardian angels” who help them strive for the best life ahead.

What to expect in a pediatric visit

If you are planning a visit to a Pediatrician, it's best to be aware of what to expect. 

  • If you have an appointment, it is likely that you will receive a reminder from the pediatric reception desk a day before.

  • Once in the office, the team may ask you to fill out a form to update your child's information. Whether it's your child's first visit, a regular check-up, and the main reason for the visit.

  • The Pediatrician will ask for a medical history of the child.

  • A thorough clinical examination like checking the vitals (pulse rate, respiratory rate, temperature), previous vaccine schedules, and evaluating the growth patterns can be done by the Pediatrician.

  • The Pediatrician may prescribe various screening tests, such as blood tests, urine testing, vision screening, hearing tests, or developmental screenings, based on your child's age, complaint, and needs.

  • If your kid has any particular health problems or symptoms, the Pediatrician will diagnose the issue and discuss treatment options with you. They may prescribe drugs, provide home-care recommendations, or send you to a specialist if necessary.

  • The Pediatrician will schedule any required follow-up appointments or advise you on when to return for routine check-ups. They may also provide you with contact information or directions for after-hours or emergency treatment.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Here are some frequently asked questions on Pediatrics.


How frequently should I bring my child in for routine check-ups?

Routine check-ups are essential for tracking your child's growth, development, and general health. Check-ups at 1 month, 2 months, 4 months, 6 months, 9 months, and 12 months of age are frequent over the first year. Annual check-ups are frequently suggested after the first year, however, the frequency may vary depending on your child's requirements.

When should I make an appointment for my child's first pediatric visit?

It is typically advised that your child's first pediatric appointment be scheduled within the first week or two of life. This early appointment allows the pediatrician to evaluate your baby's health, treat any immediate issues, and offer newborn care advice.

What are some of the most frequent childhood diseases, and how can I treat them?

Colds, coughs, ear infections, stomach bugs, and rashes are all common diseases faced by kids. Preventive measures such as basic cleanliness, healthy nutrition, and vaccines can all assist to lower the risk of these disorders. If your kid becomes ill, your Pediatrician may advise you on how to manage symptoms, when to seek medical assistance, and suitable over-the-counter drugs.

Till what age does my child see a pediatrician?

The shift from pediatric to adult care normally takes place around the age of 18. Pediatricians normally offer care up to the end of adolescence, which is often about age 21.

Disclaimer: The content on this page is generic and shared only for informational and explanatory purposes. Please consult a doctor before making any health-related decisions.


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