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Calculating your House Rent Allowance (HRA) in India can be complex and overwhelming. Determining the correct housing allowance amount requires considering various factors and intricate calculations. Luckily, there is a solution that simplifies this process and ensures accurate results: the HRA calculator in India. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore usage, advantages, and special cases for using the HRA calculator. This will help you get valuable insights to optimise your finances. So, let's dive in and unravel the mysteries of the HRA calculator in India.

What is HRA?
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HRA is the amount of money your employer gives you to help with renting a home. It's a special allowance added to your salary and specifically meant to assist you in paying for your rented accommodation. It ensures that a portion of your salary is set aside to cover your rental expenses. This way, you can comfortably afford the cost of living in rented accommodation without straining your finances.

HRA Calculator

Efficiently Calculate your House Rent Allowance with our Calculator

Basic salary
Dearness allowance (p.a)
HRA received (p.a)
Total rent paid



HRA Exemption from salary under Section 10(13A)
₹ 0
Actual rent
₹ 0
HRA Exemption
₹ 0
HRA Eligible
₹ 0

HRA claim documents
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You generally need the following documents to claim HRA in India.

  1. Rent receipts with landlord's details and rent paid.

  2. Rent agreement showing rental terms and conditions.

  3. Landlord's PAN card if rent exceeds a specified threshold.

  4. HRA declaration form with rent amount and landlord's information.

How is HRA calculated?
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HRA calculation in India depends on the following factors.

  1. Actual HRA received from your employer. This is the amount of HRA given to you by your employer as part of your salary.

  2. You can claim HRA exemption on the actual rent you pay after subtracting 10% of your salary.

  3. 50% of the basic salary (metro cities) or 40% of the basic salary (non-metro cities).

The minimum of the amount calculated with the help of above conditions is eligible for tax exemptions.

Is HRA exempt from tax?
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HRA can be exempt from tax in India, subject to certain conditions. The exemption depends on factors such as the actual rent paid, the amount of HRA received, and the city of residence.

To claim tax exemption on HRA, the following conditions must be met.

If the HRA exemption is higher than the taxable amount, you can claim the HRA as tax-free. However, if you do not meet the conditions mentioned above, or if you do not receive HRA as a part of your salary, the HRA amount will be taxable.

It's important to maintain proper documentation, such as rent receipts and rent agreement, to support your claim for HRA exemption during income tax filing.

What is the HRA exemption formula?
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Here we explain the HRA formula with the help of an example.

Let's consider an example for Mr. Rajesh Kumar, who works for a software company in Bengaluru. He lives in a rented apartment and pays ₹15,000 per month as rent. Here is his salary structure.

Salary Component

Amount (INR/ ₹)

Basic Salary






Provident Fund


Total Salary


The actual rent paid in a year is Rs. 1,80,000. 

1. Applying the HRA calculation formula, Mr. Rajesh Kumar gets the following results.

Annual HRA sanctioned by his employer:

Rs. 1,44,000 (Rs. 12,000 X 12 = Rs. 1,44,000)

2. Using the HRA formula for actual rent minus 10% of basic salary, he gets Rs. 1,32,000 (Rs. 15,000 X 12 - Rs. 48,000 = Rs. 1,32,000)

3. As Bengaluru is a metro city, 50% of his basic salary would be Rs. 2,00,000.

Among these three amounts, the lowest value is Rs. 1,32,000, which Mr. Rajesh Kumar can claim as HRA tax exemption. It's always a good idea to use online HRA exemption calculators to ensure accurate calculations based on your circumstances.

What is an HRA calculator?
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The HRA calculator is a tool that helps you determine the amount of money you can receive as HRA based on three main factors: your salary, the amount of rent you pay, and the city where you live.

When you work for a company, they understand that you need a place to live. If you rent a home, the HRA is a special allowance given to you as part of your salary. Its purpose is to support you in meeting your rental expenses.

The HRA calculator considers your salary, the rent you pay, and the city you reside in. By inputting these details into the calculator, you can find out how much HRA you may be eligible for.

How does the HRA calculator help?
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The HRA calculator helps in the following ways.

How does the HRA calculator work?
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The HRA calculator takes. certain inputs from the user and applies the relevant formulas to calculate the exemption. Here's how it generally works.

By automating the calculation process, the HRA calculator saves time and provides accurate results. It simplifies the complex calculations involved in determining HRA exemption, enabling you to plan your taxes effectively and optimise the salary structures

What are the advantages of using the HRA calculator?
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Here are the advantages of using the calculator.

Special cases for HRA exemption
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In India, there are special cases related to HRA exemption. Here are a few examples.

  1. Own house: If you own a house but live in a different city due to work, you can still claim HRA exemption. However, you cannot claim exemption for self-occupied property.

  2. Living with parents: If you live with your parents and pay them rent, you can claim HRA exemption. Your parents need to show this rental income in their tax return.

  3. No HRA component: If your salary does not include an HRA component, you cannot claim HRA exemption.

  4. Rent less than 10% of salary: If your rent is less than 10% of your salary, you will not be eligible for HRA exemption.

  5. No rent receipts: If you do not have rent receipts as proof of rent payment, it may be challenging to claim HRA exemption. Rent receipts with the landlord's signature are important documents.

  6. Salary paid in cash: If your landlord insists on receiving rent in cash and does not provide a proper receipt, it may create difficulties in claiming HRA exemption.

  7. Unpaid rent: If you have not paid rent for a certain period, you cannot claim HRA exemption for that duration.

  8. Employer's discretion: Employers have the discretion to determine the HRA exemption based on their policies. It's essential to understand your company's rules regarding HRA.

Is it allowed to pay rent to parents and get HRA exemption? 
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Yes, paying rent to parents and claiming the exemption is allowed. However, certain conditions need to be met.

  1. Genuine rental agreement: There should be a valid rental agreement in place between you and your parents, specifying the terms and conditions of the rental arrangement. It helps establish the legitimacy of the transaction.

  2. Rental income declaration: Your parents should include the rental income received from you in their tax return and pay taxes on it. This ensures that the tax authorities account for the rental income.

  3. Rent payment proof: You need to provide rent payment proofs in the form of rent receipts to substantiate that you are indeed paying rent to your parents. These receipts should include details such as the name of the landlord (your parent), rented property address, amount of rent paid, and the period for which the rent is paid.

By fulfilling these conditions and maintaining proper documentation, you can pay rent to your parents and claim HRA exemption. It is important to ensure that the arrangement is genuine and follows the requirements set by the tax authorities.

HRA rules for self-employed individuals
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Individuals should not own residential properties in the same location or receive HRA from an employer to claim the tax deduction. 

Conditions for Claiming HRA Exemption
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Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
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Here are some common questions about HRA exemptions in India.


What happens if I don't claim HRA exemption?

If you are eligible for HRA exemption but fail to claim it, you may pay higher taxes than necessary. Understanding the rules and claiming the exemption appropriately is important to optimise your tax liability.

Can I claim HRA exemption if I own a house but live in a different city for work?

Yes, you can claim the exemption even if you own a house in a different city. However, you cannot claim exemption for self-occupied property.

Can I claim HRA exemption for hostel accommodation?

Yes, it can be claimed for hostel accommodation if you are staying in a hostel and receiving a hostel allowance as part of your salary. The exemption criteria and calculations may differ for hostel accommodations.

Can I claim both HRA exemption and home loan interest deduction simultaneously?

Yes, it is possible to claim HRA exemption and home loan interest deduction simultaneously if you meet the eligibility criteria for both. However, HRA exemption can only be claimed for the rented accommodation, while home loan interest deduction applies to the self-occupied or let-out property.

Can I claim HRA exemption for multiple accommodations in different cities?

No, HRA exemption can only be claimed for one rented accommodation that serves as the individual's primary residence.

Can I claim HRA exemption if I am self-employed?

No, HRA exemption specifically applies to salaried individuals who receive HRA as part of their salary. Self-employed individuals do not qualify for HRA exemption.

Disclaimer: The content on this page is generic and shared only for informational and explanatory purposes. It is based on industry experience and several secondary sources on the internet, and is subject to changes.