Minus/plus icon
ResourcesExplore the full ACKO experience and make the most of your plan

Home / Health Insurance / Articles / Diseases / Intestinal Gas: Meaning, symptoms, causes, and other details

Intestinal Gas: Meaning, symptoms, causes, and other details

Team AckoJan 18, 2024

Intestinal Gas, also known as flatulence, is a common digestive issue that affects many people. It refers to the presence of excessive gas in the digestive system, which can lead to discomfort and embarrassment. Read ahead for details related to Intestinal Gas so that you can understand the symptoms and take appropriate action.




What is Intestinal Gas?

Intestinal Gas refers to the accumulation of air or gas in the digestive system. The digestive process produces gases like hydrogen, carbon dioxide, and methane, and these gases are usually expelled through belching or flatulence.

Symptoms of Intestinal Gas

Excessive Intestinal Gas can cause a range of uncomfortable symptoms. Some common symptoms are as follows.

  • Bloating: A feeling of fullness and tightness in the abdomen.

  • Abdominal pain or cramps: Sharp or dull pain in the abdominal region.

  • Flatulence: The release of gas through the rectum.

  • Belching: The release of gas through the mouth.

  • Abdominal rumbling: Audible sounds produced by gas movement in the intestines.

Causes of Intestinal Gas

Intestinal Gas can be caused by various factors, including the following.

  • Consuming gas-producing food items.

  • Digestive disorders. 

  • Bacterial fermentation of undigested food in the colon.

List of food items that cause Intestinal Gas

The following food items are known to cause Intestinal Gas. 

  • Beans: Beans, including kidney beans, black beans, and lentils, contain high levels of complex sugars called oligosaccharides, which are difficult to digest and can lead to gas formation.

  • Cabbage: Cabbage is another cruciferous vegetable that contains raffinose, making it a common culprit for causing gas.

  • Onions: Onions contain a type of carbohydrate called fructans, which can be challenging for some people to digest properly, leading to gas and bloating.

  • Cauliflower: Cauliflower, similar to broccoli and cabbage, contains raffinose and can cause gas when consumed in large amounts.

  • Apples: Apples contain both fibre and fructose, a natural sugar that can ferment in the colon, leading to gas and bloating for some individuals.

  • Carbonated drinks: Carbonated beverages, such as soda and sparkling water, contain carbon dioxide gas, which can accumulate in the digestive system and cause bloating and gas.

  • Dairy products: Some people may face digestive issues after consuming dairy products. 

  • Wheat and whole grains: Certain grains, including wheat, contain a type of carbohydrate called fructans, which can be poorly absorbed in the intestines and result in gas production.

Treatment options for Intestinal Gas

Fortunately, there are several treatment options available to relieve the discomfort caused by Intestinal Gas. Some effective strategies include the following. 

  • Over-the-counter medications: Antacids or simethicone-based products can help break down gas bubbles and alleviate symptoms.

  • Prescription medications: A doctor may prescribe medications to manage underlying digestive disorders contributing to excessive gas.

  • Dietary changes: Avoiding gas-producing foods and incorporating a well-balanced diet with adequate fibre intake can help regulate bowel movements and reduce gas formation.

  • Probiotics: These beneficial bacteria can promote a healthy gut flora and aid in digestion, reducing the likelihood of excessive gas.

  • Regular exercise: Physical activity can stimulate bowel movements and promote better digestion, minimising the occurrence of Intestinal Gas.

Prevention strategies for Intestinal Gas

Preventing Intestinal Gas requires a combination of dietary adjustments and lifestyle modifications. Here are some preventive strategies.

  • Avoid gas-producing foods: Identify and limit the consumption of foods known to cause gas, especially if you are prone to excessive gas.

  • Be mindful of food intolerances: If you suspect that certain foods are causing digestive issues, consider an elimination diet or consult a doctor for guidance.

  • Quit smoking: Smoking not only affects overall health but can also contribute to the accumulation of gas in the digestive system.

  • Manage stress levels: Stress and anxiety can disrupt the digestive process, leading to increased gas production. Incorporate stress management techniques into your routine, such as meditation or exercise.

Diagnosing Intestinal Gas

Diagnostic methods regarding Intestinal Gas may include the following. 

  • Physical examination: A healthcare provider will examine you using a stethoscope.

  • Medical history assessment: The doctor will inquire about your symptoms, dietary habits, and medical history to gather relevant information.

  • Laboratory tests: Blood tests, breath tests, or stool tests may be conducted to identify any underlying conditions or food intolerances.

When to see a Doctor

While occasional gas is normal, there are instances when medical attention is necessary. You should consider seeing a doctor if:

  • Your symptoms persist or worsen over time.

  • You experience severe abdominal pain or bloating.

  • Your bowel movements become irregular or accompanied by other concerning symptoms.

  • You notice blood in your stool or have unexplained weight loss.

Frequently Asked Questions

Here are some FAQs related to Intestinal Gas.


How long does Intestinal Gas last?

Intestinal Gas typically passes within a few hours. However, if your symptoms persist for an extended period or significantly affect your daily life, it is advisable to consult a healthcare professional.

Can certain foods cause more gas than others?

Yes, certain foods like beans, lentils, broccoli, cabbage, onions, and carbonated drinks are known to produce more gas during digestion.

Is Intestinal Gas a sign of a serious medical condition?

In most cases, Intestinal Gas is not a cause for concern. However, persistent or severe gas accompanied by other concerning symptoms may indicate an underlying digestive disorder that requires medical attention.

Are there any natural remedies for Intestinal Gas?

Some natural remedies for Intestinal Gas include peppermint tea, ginger, chamomile tea, etc. However, it's essential to consult a healthcare professional before trying any alternative remedies.

Can stress contribute to the formation of Intestinal Gas?

Yes, stress can disrupt the digestive process and contribute to increased gas production. Managing stress levels through relaxation techniques and lifestyle modifications can help reduce gas formation.

Does age play a role in the prevalence of Intestinal Gas?

Age can be a factor in the prevalence of Intestinal Gas. As we age, the digestive system may become less efficient, leading to an increased likelihood of experiencing gas-related symptoms.

Disclaimer: The content on this page is generic and shared only for informational and explanatory purposes. Please consult a doctor before making any health-related decisions.


Want to post any comments?


Affordable Health Insurance for You & Your Family starting @ ₹20/day*

✅ 100% Room Rent Covered* ✅ Zero deductions at claims ✅ 7100+ Cashless Hospitals

quote icon

Check health insurance

quote icon