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Prominent Symptoms of Infertility in Women & Men

Team AckoFeb 8, 2024

Infertility affects both men and women. It happens when after 1 year of unprotected sex, a couple is not able to conceive. There are many symptoms of infertility, which when treated timely can increase your chance of getting pregnant and embrace parenthood in a couple of months.



Let's discuss the symptoms of infertility for male and female separately.

Symptoms of infertility in women

Irregular menstrual cycle

Missed periods and irregular cycles is an indication that ovulation function is disrupted. PCOS, being overweight, underweight, thyroid disorders, cause cycles to be irregular.

Hormone imbalance

Changes in hormone levels lead to weight gain, reduced sex drive, facial hair, etc. Once the hormone levels are affected, conception chances decrease.

Underlying medical conditions

Medical conditions like PCOS, endomertriosis, premature menopause, and damage to the fallopian tubes or ovaries, cancer treatment can impact fertility in women.

Pain during Intercourse

During intercourse, if you experience pain, there can be an underlying medical condition like endometriosis, fibroids, infection, which affects fertility.


Age is the most influential factor while trying to conceive. For a woman, the chances of getting pregnant after she is 30 years old starts to decline.

Signs of infertility in men


Obesity reduces the chances of conception. It affects testosterone production, sperm quality, sleep and sexual behaviour.

Hormonal imbalance

There are two hormones, which signal the testes to produce sperm and testosterone. They are luteinizing hormone and follicle-stimulating hormone. It’s the pituitary gland that makes these hormones. So, if the gland is not functioning properly, the hormone level gets affected, thereby impacting fertility.

Erectile dysfunction

Getting or keeping an erection can be affected by hormonal changes, physical or psychological aspects. If these issues continue to persist, it can affect sex and fertility.


Testicles need to be healthy, especially for conception to happen. If the testicles are small and firm, it indicates hormonal issues while if they are swollen and tender, there can be some infection. In both the cases, the quality of sperm is affected, making it hard to conceive.


For a man, fertility starts to decline once he has crossed 40 years of age.

At times, there is a possibility that no reason is found to be the cause of infertility. The good news is with advancement in medicine, infertility today can be treated to a great extent. The best shot at treating infertility is IVF. At your end, by making lifestyle changes and getting treated for underlying medical issues, enhance your chances of getting pregnant.

Disclaimer: This content is for informational purposes only, based on industry experience and secondary sources. It is not a substitute for professional advice. Please consult a qualified expert for health or insurance-related decisions. Content is subject to change, refer to current policy wordings for specific ACKO details.



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