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TDS Returns: How To File TDS Return Online?

TeamAckoJan 5, 2024

TDS or Tax Deducted at Source (TDS (already?!) might be scary to hear about and rightfully so and hence we have put together all that you need to know regarding the same in a neat comprehensive way below, read on to find out!

Tax Deducted at Source (TDS) is a crucial component of the taxation system, ensuring that the government receives its due taxes promptly and efficiently. 




What is TDS?

TDS is deducted from an individual's or organisation's earnings before the money is credited to their account. This system is governed by the Income Tax Act of 1961 and is regulated by the Central Board of Direct Taxes (CBDT). In this article, we'll explore the key aspects of TDS returns, including their importance, types, and the filing process.

Why TDS is Important:

TDS serves as a significant source of government revenue. By deducting tax at the source, it achieves several essential objectives:

  • Preventing Tax Evasion: TDS ensures that individuals and entities cannot escape their tax liabilities, as taxes are deducted before receiving income.

  • Timely Tax Collection: Taxes are collected promptly, reducing the risk of default or delayed payments.

  • Expanding the Tax Net: TDS brings a large number of people and entities under the tax net, contributing to a fair and equitable taxation system.

  • Steady Government Revenue: TDS provides a consistent source of government income, which is vital for public welfare and infrastructure development.

Step-by-Step Guide on How to File TDS Return Online

Step 1


Step 2


Step 3


Step 4


Step 5


Following this, you will have various options to e-verify, then, 


Who Can Deduct TDS:

TDS can be deducted by various entities, including:

Individuals: Individuals making certain payments that are subject to TDS, such as rent, interest, or professional fees.

  • Hindu Undivided Family (HUF): HUFs involved in transactions subject to TDS.

  • Limited Companies: Companies making payments where TDS is applicable.

  • Partnership Firms: Firms making payments subject to TDS.

  • Body of Individuals (BOI): Groups of individuals involved in transactions subject to TDS.

  • Association of Individuals (AOI): Associations of individuals making payments subject to TDS.

  • Local Authorities: Government entities at the local level that must follow TDS rules.

TDS Deduction Rates:

The rates at which TDS is deducted vary depending on the type of income and the amount earned. The tax rates range from 1% to 30%, with higher rates often applied to larger incomes. The tax is levied on the income exceeding a specific threshold limit.

Method of TDS Deduction:

TDS is deducted by the payer (the deductor) before making payments to the recipient (the deductee). For example, an employer deducts TDS from an employee's salary. The deducted amount is then deposited with government agencies, ensuring that the recipient receives their income net of taxes.

Types of TDS Returns:

TDS returns are essential for reporting TDS deductions to the Income Tax Department. There are four main types of TDS returns:

a. Form 24Q:

  • Used for TDS deducted on salary payments under Section 192 of the Income Tax Act.

  • Submitted quarterly by the deductor.

  • Contains details of salaries paid and TDS deducted by the employer.

  • Comprises Annexure I (details of deductor, deductees, and challans) and Annexure II (employee salary details).

  • Annexure I must be submitted for all four quarters, while Annexure II is furnished only in the fourth quarter.

b. Form 26Q:

  • Used for TDS on payments other than salary.

  • Submitted quarterly by the deductor.

  • Applicable for tax deducted at source under sections 200(3), 193, and 194 of the Income Tax Act.

  • Includes income categories like interest on securities, dividend securities, professional fees, directors' remuneration, etc.

  • Non-government deductors must provide PAN information.

c. Form 27Q:

  • Applicable for payments to non-resident Indians (NRIs) and foreigners other than salary.

  • Submitted quarterly by the deductor.

  • Used for tax deductions under section 200(3) of the Income Tax Act.

  • Includes income categories such as interest, bonus, and other sums owed to NRIs or foreigners.

  • Non-government deductors are required to furnish PAN.

d. Form 27EQ:

  • Filed quarterly and pertains to the Tax Collected at Source (TCS) as per section 206C of the Income Tax Act.

  • Mandatory for corporate deductors and collectors.

  • PAN information is essential for non-government deductors.

How to Download TDS Return Forms:

To file TDS returns, follow these steps:

  • Visit the official website of NSDL at

  • Click on the "Downloads" tab and select "E-TDS/E-TCS" from the dropdown menu.

  • Choose "Quarterly Returns" and then select "Regular."

  • You will be redirected to a new page.

  • Choose the appropriate TDS Return Form based on your requirements, as mentioned under the "Form" section.

Benefits of Filing TDS Returns:

Filing TDS returns offers several advantages for both the deductors and the government. 

Here's a closer look at them:

  • Compliance with Legal Requirements: Filing TDS returns is not only a legal obligation but also a way to demonstrate compliance with the tax laws. Non-compliance can result in penalties and legal repercussions.

  • Avoiding Penalties: Timely, accurate filing of TDS returns helps deductors avoid penalties and interest charges. Non-filing or late filing can lead to financial consequences.

  • Documentation and Record Keeping: TDS returns serve as essential documentation of tax payments. They help both the deductor and the deductee maintain clear records of financial transactions, making it easier to reconcile accounts and answer any tax-related queries.

  • Claiming Tax Credits: For deductees, having TDS returns on record is crucial for claiming tax credits. The deducted amount serves as a prepayment of their annual tax liability, which can be adjusted against the final tax payable.

Common Mistakes to Avoid:

Filing TDS returns can be a complex process, and there are common errors that one should be cautious about:

  • Late Filing: Timely filing is crucial to avoid penalties. Missing the due dates can result in interest charges and even disallowance of certain deductions.

  • Failure to Revise Returns: If errors are discovered in previously filed returns, it is essential to revise them promptly. Neglecting this could lead to incorrect tax assessments.

Challan Errors: Accurate details in the TDS challans, such as the correct Assessment Year (AY), Tax Deduction Account Number (TAN), and Challan Serial Number, are critical for smooth processing.

Wrapping up!

Understanding TDS returns is essential for all entities involved in financial transactions subject to TDS. It is a complex but necessary process, integral to the country’s tax collection system. Compliance with TDS regulations not only ensures smooth financial operations but also contributes to the overall economic development of all by providing the government with a steady source of revenue. Deductors and deductees must be aware of their roles and responsibilities, adhere to filing deadlines, and keep meticulous records to simplify the tax process and promote financial transparency.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Below are some of the frequently asked questions on TDS Returns


What is TDS?

TDS stands for Tax Deducted at Source, a system where tax is deducted from income before it's paid to the recipient.

Who is responsible for deducting TDS?

Individuals, companies, or entities making specific payments are responsible for deducting TDS.

Why is TDS deducted?

TDS is deducted to ensure timely tax collection and prevent tax evasion.

What types of income are subject to TDS?

Salary, commission, rent, professional fees, and interest are examples of income subject to TDS.

What are the different TDS return forms?

TDS return forms include 24Q (for salaries), 26Q (for non-salary payments), 27Q (for payments to NRIs and foreigners), and 27Q (for TCS).

When should TDS returns be filed?

TDS returns should be filed quarterly within the specified due dates.

What are the consequences of late TDS return filing?

Late filing may result in penalties and interest charges.

What is the importance of PAN in TDS returns?

PAN is crucial for accurate record-keeping and identification of deductees.

Can TDS returns be revised if errors are found?

Yes, TDS returns can be revised to correct errors.

How does TDS contribute to government revenue?

TDS ensures consistent revenue for the government by collecting taxes at the source, reducing the risk of default or evasion.

Disclaimer: The content on this page is generic and shared only for informational and explanatory purposes. It is based on several secondary sources on the internet, and is subject to changes.


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