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ABDM - Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission | NDHM: Revolutionising Indian Healthcare

Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission is a Government initiative to make healthcare quick and accessible to the masses.

Digital locker for health info
Digital locker
for health info
Easy access Anytime, anywhere
Easy access
Anytime, anywhere
Highly secure and private
Highly secure
and private

Create your ABHA health ID now and join the revolution

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Create your ABHA health ID now and join the revolution


Home / Health Insurance / ABDM - Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission

India is on a mission to revolutionise healthcare access and delivery. A critical component of this ambition is the Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission (ABDM)—a flagship initiative working to develop the digital health infrastructure across the country. Launched in 2021 under the National Digital Health Mission, ABDM aims to create a seamless online platform that brings healthcare providers and patients to a unified network to improve efficiency, transparency, and patient outcomes.

The Need for Digital Transformation in Healthcare
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India grapples with a vast diversity in demography, geography, and healthcare challenges. The current systems need to be more cohesive across public and private sectors, making accessing and sharing health records difficult. Patients also have little control over their own medical data. 

ABDM seeks to fix these gaps by introducing digitisation and enabling interoperability. Some key objectives include:

This infrastructure aims to make affordable, patient-centric, and paperless healthcare a reality even in India's remotest corners.

Key Components of the Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission (ABDM)
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The nationwide rollout of the ABDM leans on three foundational building blocks designed to work together:

14-Digit Unique Health ID
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This ABHA Card (Ayushman Bharat Health Account) number is a unique patient identifier across healthcare providers, similar to Aadhar. It will: 

  • Store medical history records in a common repository
  • Help create a longitudinal patient health record over their lifetime
  • Avoid duplication of patient records

Newborns will get a health ID linking to the mother's number. IDs can also be created by providing a mobile number or Aadhaar details. 

Health Facility Registry (HFR)
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The HFR provides a registry of health facilities like hospitals, labs, and clinics. It allows citizens to search and identify verified healthcare providers and book appointments. After furnishing valid medical licenses and credentials, healthcare facilities can list themselves on the HFR.

Healthcare Professionals Registry (HPR)
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The HPR is a comprehensive registry of healthcare practitioners across modern and traditional systems. It verifies qualifications and training credentials. Enlisting in the HPR is essential for professionals to access and update digital health records for consenting patients on the ABDM network. Private and government hospitals are also expected to link up their EMR systems.

The ABDM Rollout Strategy
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As one of the global key digitisation initiatives, the rollout plan is both ambitious in scale and careful in approach. It includes:

Six initial pilot projects
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Starting in 2021, ABDM was tested across different models of implementation spanning private hospitals, state government partnerships, pharmaceutical ecosystem integration, etc. These pilots helped develop centralised protocols. 

Phased launch starting with metro cities
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In 2022, ABDM services were extended to metro cities in phase 1, reaching beyond pilot regions. This allows ironing out of interoperability and capacity-building across sizable populations. 

Expansion to underserved locations
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Reaching tier 2 and 3 cities plus rural and remote regions is a priority going into 2023 and beyond. Private partnerships, digital health training and guidance documents will aid adoption.

Population-scale 65,000 health facility onboarding
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On the services side, NHA plans to onboard at least 65,000 health facilities spanning public and private hospitals, PHCs, labs etc, onto the ABDM network within a year of national launch.

The Benefits of ABDM for Indian Citizens
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While India still has significant ground to cover, if implemented to its full scope, ABDM promises tremendous direct and indirect benefits.


Portable health records
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Patients can securely access medical history from any location and share digitally signed e-records instantly with professionals. Crucial in medical emergencies.


Improved coordination between providers
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Shared health records allow doctors to collaborate better for continuous care. Vital for patients consulting multiple speciality centers.


Streamlined appointment booking
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Citizens can use ABDM to search for doctors or facilities near them and book appointments via integrated online payment gateways. Saves time and money. 


Enhanced privacy and security
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Healthcare data is highly confidential. Stringent measures for encryption and consent-based access ensure ethical use. Patients stay informed. 


Analytical health data availability
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Anonymised, aggregated health analytics can help institutions develop data-driven interventions and resource allocation strategies for better population health outcomes.

What is ABHA?
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The Abha Card is like a special health card for everyone in India. It gives you a digital ID for your health records. This ID has 14 numbers and works anywhere in India. It started on September 27th, 2021, as part of the Ayushman Bharat Digital Health Mission by the Government of India. With this card, you can share your health info with doctors all over India, no matter where you are. 

What are the benefits of creating your ABHA ID?
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Following are the benefits of creating an ABHA ID for yourself and your family.

Abha ID benefits (Store with Confidence)

Store with Confidence
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Say bye to the burden of organising heaps of paper documents. With ABHA, you can keep all your health related documents like hospital records, laboratory tests, and health insurance claims details in a single digital personal health locker which is safe too. Please remember that all your data is absolutely private and can be seen only by you.

Abha ID benefits (seamless document sharing)

Seamless Document Sharing
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Trying to send your health records to a healthcare provider or insurer? ABHA makes it easy! Just put your ABHA ID in and authorised people can access the documents in a safe and secure manner which saves you time and energy.

Abha ID Benefits (Cashless claims).

Cashless Claims Approval
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A lengthy wait for insurance claims to get approved is not uncommon. By linking your insurance policy to your ABHA ID, you can significantly reduce the time you need to spend in the process. The hospital can get your policy details quickly, so the process will be quicker and the health care experience will be smooth.

Abha ID Benefits (Unified Health Interface)

Unified Health Interface (UHI)
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The UHI initiative is one of many programs by the government to use technology for improving healthcare in India. Its objective is to resolve issues associated with the provision of healthcare which includes access, cost, and quality of healthcare. With everything consolidated in one platform, the UHI wants to fill the gaps in the healthcare system. The ultimate aim of this system is to keep patient welfare at priority.

Why choose ACKO for creating your ABHA account?
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With ACKO, the ABHA registration process becomes a breeze. Just open the ACKO app, follow a few steps and you are good to go. However, that's not the only reason why it is incredible. ACKO is a unique insurance company; we are your reliable buddy who will have your back in times of need. And of course, we know how valuable your time is. We've developed the ABHA ID process to be very fast and easy to use.

And there's more! ACKO is all about delivering you an amazing digital healthcare experience. From handling the process of claims, without any hassles, to providing all the necessary healthcare-related services, we are all here for you always.

Steps to create ABHA ID from the ACKO App
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Take a look at the following steps that will help you create your ABHA ID within minutes.

Create ABHA ID using ACKO app
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Here are the steps to create ABHA ID from the ACKO App

Step 1

Step 2

Step 3

Open the ACKO app and find the “Your ABHA Cards” section.
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Step to create abha card step 1

Verify your Aadhaar number with a One Time Password (OTP) to proceed with the registration process.
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steps to create abha card step 2

You can now see the existing ABHA cards if you intend to download. Keep following the steps given below to register for a new ID.

steps to create abha - step 2

You can select from the list of members or add new ones. Then verify their Aadhaar numbers and tap ‘Get ABHA card’
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There is also an option to invite friends or family members to create their ABHA ID. Just add their details and we will send them an invite.

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Now your ABHA card will be ready for download. You can repeat the process for other members.

Through the ACKO website
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You can also begin the process through our website.

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Please scroll up to Step 2 (app process) for completing the registration process through the app. The app process is faster!

The Road Ahead
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Following the initial soft launch of the ABDM in the last two years, it has come a long way in setting up a base for its digital health initiatives. As many as 50,000 healthcare facilities have been registered in the system. However, much work still needs to be done on the country's digitalization framework. Such issues as compatibility, cybersecurity, and technical readiness remain prevalent, which are especially critical in rural areas.

Providing proper training support and upgrades to the imagined 'digital public goods' can be the turning point of the Indian healthcare landscape for the next decade, aiming to affect millions of people. Lastly, ABDM's blueprint is a good guide for other nations that want to replicate the same large-scale health tech innovations by integrating public and private sectors.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)
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Here are a few common questions and answers related to the ABDM


Which is the nodal agency of ayushman bharat digital mission (ABDM)?

The National Health Authority (NHA) is the nodal agency responsible for the nationwide implementation of ABDM.

What is ABDM National Health Authority?

The National Health Authority (NHA) is the apex government body setting standards, implementing, monitoring, and managing the Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission and other public digital health programs.

What is the use of ABDM?

ABDM aims to provide digital health ID to Indian citizens, connect hospitals/clinics via a Healthcare Professionals Registry (HPR), enable compatible Electronic Health Records (EHR) systems, allow integration with personal health apps/wearables, and introduce tamper-proof, digitally signed records to make affordable, accessible and paperless healthcare a reality.

What is the Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission Insurance Scheme?

The Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission facilitates seamless discovery, cashless transactions, and paperless health service delivery for those with existing health insurance like the Ayushman Bharat PMJAY scheme.

What is the difference between the Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission and the Pradhan Mantri Digital Health Mission?

Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission (ABDM) is the official name of the digital health initiative previously known as the National Digital Health Mission (NDHM) during early development. The public branding was updated to align with the Ayushman Bharat PMJAY scheme.

Who owns and manages the NDHM portal?

Post rebranding to ABDM, the National Health Authority (NHA) under the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare now owns and manages the official portal

Is Ayushman Bharat Digital Mission mandatory for private hospitals?

Currently, onboarding onto ABDM through linking hospital EMR systems with ABDM gateways is voluntary for private hospitals. However, hospitals must furnish valid credentials for listing on the Healthcare Facility Registry. In the future, meeting certain ABDM compliance standards may become compulsory for empanelment eligibility, similar to existing government health schemes.

Recent News on ABDM
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Ayushman Bharat Healthcare Coverage to Include ASHA and Anganwadi Workers


The Indian government has now included ASHA and Anganwadi workers under health insurance. Through the Ayushman Bharat Pradhan Mantri-Jan Arogya Yojana (AB-PMJAY), these workers will now access up to Rs 5 lakh annually for hospitalisation expenses, aligning them with other beneficiaries.

This decision reflects the government's commitment to equitable healthcare access and acknowledges the critical role played by frontline workers in community health services. It marks a significant stride towards enhancing healthcare provisions nationwide.