Team AckoAug 24, 2022
Blood pressure is the force exerted by blood on the walls of the arteries after being pumped out by the heart. This pressure is required for blood to reach different body parts and fulfil its functions. Dive into this article to learn more about how to measure blood pressure and get an overview of blood pressure ranges for different age groups.
Blood pressure is usually measured in millimetres of mercury (mmHg) using a sphygmomanometer. The following two factors are measured to determine one’s blood pressure.
Systolic blood pressure: This is the blood pressure in the arteries that is generated when your heart beats.
Diastolic blood pressure: This is the blood pressure in the arteries that is generated when your heart rests in between beats.
Here is a table that shows the normal blood pressure range for men across different age groups.
|20 to 25 years||120.5 mmHg||78.5 mmHg|
|26 to 30 years||119.5 mmHg||76.5 mmHg|
|31 to 35 years||114.5 mmHg||75.5 mmHg|
|36 to 40 years||120.5 mmHg||75.5 mmHg|
|41 to 45 years||115.5 mmHg||78.5 mmHg|
|46 to 50 years||119.5 mmHg||80.5 mmHg|
|51 to 55 years||125.5 mmHg||80.5 mmHg|
|56 to 60 years||129.5 mmHg||79.5 mmHg|
|61 to 65 years||143.5 mmHg||76.5 mmHg|
Here is a table that shows the normal blood pressure range for women across different age groups.
|20 to 25 years||115.5 mmHg||70.5 mmHg|
|26 to 30 years||113.5 mmHg||71.5 mmHg|
|31 to 35 years||110.5 mmHg||72.5 mmHg|
|36 to 40 years||112.5 mmHg||74.5 mmHg|
|41 to 45 years||116.5 mmHg||73.5 mmHg|
|46 to 50 years||124 mmHg||78.5 mmHg|
|51 to 55 years||122.5 mmHg||74.5 mmHg|
|56 to 60 years||132.5 mmHg||78.5 mmHg|
|61 to 65 years||130.5 mmHg||77.5 mmHg|
Here is a table that shows the normal blood pressure range for senior citizens.
|Type of blood pressure||Systolic blood pressure range||Diastolic blood pressure range|
|Low blood pressure||90 mmHg or lesser||60 mmHg or lesser|
|Normal blood pressure||Lower than 120 mmHg||Lower than 80 mmHg|
|Elevated blood pressure||120 to 129 mmHg||Lower than 80 mmHg|
|Hypertension stage I||130 to 139 mmHg||80 to 89 mmHg|
|Hypertension stage II||140 mmHg or higher||90 or higher mmHg|
|Hypertensive crisis||180 mmHg or higher||120 or higher mmHg|
Here is a table that shows the normal blood pressure range for children across age groups.
|Neonatal stage||60 to 90 mmHg||20 to 60 mmHg|
|Infancy||87 to 105 mmHg||53 to 66 mmHg|
|Toddlers||95 to 105 mmHg||53 to 66 mmHg|
|Preschool going children||95 to 110 mmHg||56 to 70 mmHg|
|School going children||97 to 112 mmHg||57 to 70 mmHg|
|Teenagers||112 to 128 mmHg||66 to 80 mmHg|
Blood pressure ranges are usually classified into the following five categories.
Generally, blood pressure measuring around 120/80 mmHg is considered normal. So, if your blood pressure is measured and this is your reading, make sure to stay consistent by eating a healthy diet and exercising regularly.
As its name may suggest, elevated blood pressure is when the blood pressure readings are slightly above normal. This condition is diagnosed if your blood pressure ranges between 120-129 mmHg systolic and lower than 80 mmHg diastolic. If steps are not taken at this stage to reduce your blood pressure, it could eventually lead to the development of high blood pressure.
This condition is diagnosed if your blood pressure readings fall between 130 to 139 mmHg systolic or 80 to 89 mmHg diastolic. This stage is considered as high blood pressure, and doctors may suggest lifestyle changes to bring down your levels. In rare cases, medication is prescribed to prevent a heart attack or stroke.
This condition is diagnosed if you record a blood pressure of 180/120 mmHg or more. If you are testing at home, just do a retest after five minutes to confirm the results. If the readings remain the same, try to get medical help at the earliest. Furthermore, if you experience symptoms like back pain, shortness of breath, weakness, etc., get emergency medical help immediately.
The following are some of the common questions regarding blood pressure ranges for different age groups.
The normal range of blood pressure in adults is usually 120/80 mmHg.
Generally, doctors give more attention to the systolic reading. This is because a high systolic pressure is a risk indicator for cardiovascular disease in individuals above the age of 50.
Blood pressure is measured in terms of mmHg because it is measured against mercury. The full form of mmHg is millimetres of mercury.
No, checking your pulse and measuring your blood pressure are not the same thing. They are two different tests to check two different health indicators.
Disclaimer: The content on this page is generic and shared only for informational and explanatory purposes. It is based on several secondary sources on the internet. As this content piece is not vetted by a medical professional, please consult a doctor before making any health-related decisions.
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