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Blood pressure ranges for different age groups

Team AckoAug 24, 2022

Blood pressure is the force exerted by blood on the walls of the arteries after being pumped out by the heart. This pressure is required for blood to reach different body parts and fulfil its functions. Dive into this article to learn more about how to measure blood pressure and get an overview of blood pressure ranges for different age groups.

Blood Pressure Range

How is blood pressure measured?

Blood pressure is usually measured in millimetres of mercury (mmHg) using a sphygmomanometer. The following two factors are measured to determine one’s blood pressure.

  • Systolic blood pressure: This is the blood pressure in the arteries that is generated when your heart beats.

  • Diastolic blood pressure: This is the blood pressure in the arteries that is generated when your heart rests in between beats.

Blood pressure range for men

Here is a table that shows the normal blood pressure range for men across different age groups.

Age Systolic Diastolic
20 to 25 years 120.5 mmHg 78.5 mmHg
26 to 30 years 119.5 mmHg 76.5 mmHg
31 to 35 years 114.5 mmHg 75.5 mmHg
36 to 40 years 120.5 mmHg 75.5 mmHg
41 to 45 years 115.5 mmHg 78.5 mmHg
46 to 50 years 119.5 mmHg 80.5 mmHg
51 to 55 years 125.5 mmHg 80.5 mmHg
56 to 60 years 129.5 mmHg 79.5 mmHg
61 to 65 years 143.5 mmHg 76.5 mmHg

Blood pressure range for women

Here is a table that shows the normal blood pressure range for women across different age groups.

Age Systolic Diastolic
20 to 25 years 115.5 mmHg 70.5 mmHg
26 to 30 years 113.5 mmHg 71.5 mmHg
31 to 35 years 110.5 mmHg 72.5 mmHg
36 to 40 years 112.5 mmHg 74.5 mmHg
41 to 45 years 116.5 mmHg 73.5 mmHg
46 to 50 years 124 mmHg 78.5 mmHg
51 to 55 years 122.5 mmHg 74.5 mmHg
56 to 60 years 132.5 mmHg 78.5 mmHg
61 to 65 years 130.5 mmHg 77.5 mmHg

Blood pressure range for senior citizens

Here is a table that shows the normal blood pressure range for senior citizens.

Type of blood pressure Systolic blood pressure range Diastolic blood pressure range
Low blood pressure 90 mmHg or lesser 60 mmHg or lesser
Normal blood pressure Lower than 120 mmHg Lower than 80 mmHg
Elevated blood pressure 120 to 129 mmHg Lower than 80 mmHg
Hypertension stage I 130 to 139 mmHg 80 to 89 mmHg
Hypertension stage II 140 mmHg or higher 90 or higher mmHg
Hypertensive crisis 180 mmHg or higher 120 or higher mmHg

Blood pressure range for children

Here is a table that shows the normal blood pressure range for children across age groups.

Age Systolic Diastolic
Neonatal stage 60 to 90 mmHg 20 to 60 mmHg
Infancy 87 to 105 mmHg 53 to 66 mmHg
Toddlers 95 to 105 mmHg 53 to 66 mmHg
Preschool going children 95 to 110 mmHg 56 to 70 mmHg
School going children 97 to 112 mmHg 57 to 70 mmHg
Teenagers 112 to 128 mmHg 66 to 80 mmHg

Blood pressure ranges explained

Blood pressure ranges are usually classified into the following five categories.

1. Normal blood pressure:

Generally, blood pressure measuring around 120/80 mmHg is considered normal. So, if your blood pressure is measured and this is your reading, make sure to stay consistent by eating a healthy diet and exercising regularly.

2. Elevated blood pressure

As its name may suggest, elevated blood pressure is when the blood pressure readings are slightly above normal. This condition is diagnosed if your blood pressure ranges between 120-129 mmHg systolic and lower than 80 mmHg diastolic. If steps are not taken at this stage to reduce your blood pressure, it could eventually lead to the development of high blood pressure.

3. Hypertension stage 1

This condition is diagnosed if your blood pressure readings fall between 130 to 139 mmHg systolic or 80 to 89 mmHg diastolic. This stage is considered as high blood pressure, and doctors may suggest lifestyle changes to bring down your levels. In rare cases, medication is prescribed to prevent a heart attack or stroke.

4. Hypertensive crisis

This condition is diagnosed if you record a blood pressure of 180/120 mmHg or more. If you are testing at home, just do a retest after five minutes to confirm the results. If the readings remain the same, try to get medical help at the earliest. Furthermore, if you experience symptoms like back pain, shortness of breath, weakness, etc., get emergency medical help immediately.

Frequently asked questions

The following are some of the common questions regarding blood pressure ranges for different age groups.

What is the normal range of blood pressure in adults?

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The normal range of blood pressure in adults is usually 120/80 mmHg.

Which reading should be given more attention?

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Generally, doctors give more attention to the systolic reading. This is because a high systolic pressure is a risk indicator for cardiovascular disease in individuals above the age of 50.

Why is blood pressure measured in terms of mmHg?

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Blood pressure is measured in terms of mmHg because it is measured against mercury. The full form of mmHg is millimetres of mercury.

Is checking your pulse and measuring your blood pressure the same thing?

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No, checking your pulse and measuring your blood pressure are not the same thing. They are two different tests to check two different health indicators.

Reference:

https://www.cdc.gov/bloodpressure/about.htm

Disclaimer: The content on this page is generic and shared only for informational and explanatory purposes. It is based on several secondary sources on the internet. As this content piece is not vetted by a medical professional, please consult a doctor before making any health-related decisions.

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