Global warming is not a far-fetched challenge anymore. It is a current event and everyone on Earth must battle it. The effects of climate change are not restricted to melting glaciers, they can be seen when the cities get flooded, winters get colder, and summers become hotter. It is often said that a journey of a thousand miles begins with a single step. To battle climate change, people must take a conscious step towards reducing their carbon footprint. One way of doing it is by converting your petrol and diesel cars into an electric vehicle.

Things You Need to Know to Convert Your Petrol or Diesel Cars into an Electric Vehicle - Acko

If you are wondering – how to convert my car to electric, read ahead to know more. Here are some points that the article will cover.

  • Convert petrol car to electric
  • Covert diesel car to electric
  • Electric car conversion kit
  • Electric car conversion companies
  • Basics about electric car conversion

Convert Petrol and Diesel Cars into Electric Vehicle:

A decade ago, it was extremely troublesome to convert your fuel-driven car into an electric vehicle. Purchasing an electric car was too expensive. It is a costly affair even in 2020. However, there is an option. Now, you can convert your petrol or diesel car into an electric one. The authorities have given permission to make changes in your vehicle to make it more environment-friendly.

Phasing out of old cars can be looked at from this angle as well, where they undergo a transformation with the help of an electric-powered core. The authorities have made some changes to the Central Motor Vehicles Rules, 1989 in this regard. Vehicles can now be retrofitted with an electric core. One can opt for electric battery-operated systems to power vehicles and save the environment from pollution.

Electric Vehicle Conversion Industry:

As per the modified Central Motor Vehicles Rules, 1989, guidelines related to retrofitting can be divided into three segments: electric vehicle conversion for all types, hybrid conversion for vehicles with a weight of 3.5 tonnes, and those above that.

While this move is deemed positive for its environmental impact, there are apprehensions on the cost front. This process can be expensive for the common people. The diesel/petrol to electric car conversion kit is provided by several companies namely E-trio Automobiles and BharatMobi. The electric car kit price and other aspects of conversions can cost around five lakhs.

Types of Electric Vehicles:

Electric vehicles can be classified into three categories, they are Battery Electric Vehicles (BEV), Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicle (PHEV), and Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEV).

  • BEV

BEVs are electric vehicles that can be charged with DC level 3 chargers. They are environment-friendly as they do not pollute the air. Tesla X is a prime example of a BEV.

  • PHEV

These types of vehicles rely on Regenerative Braking as well as plugging-in to a power source to stay powered. Examples include Porsche, Mercedes, BMW.

  • HEV

Such vehicles usually use electricity to start and move and then switch to gas with the increasing speed. Internationally, Toyota and Honda have a fleet of such cars.

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How Do Hybrid Vehicles Differ from Electric Vehicles?

The main point of difference between Hybrid, Plug-in Hybrid, and Electric Vehicles is their power source. Hybrid cars are powered by a gasoline engine as well as an electric motor. These cars function based on automatic balance wherein the car switches between the gas and electric mode for optimal performance.

Plug-in Hybrid cars have both engines like Hybrid cars; however, you also have an option of plugging them in for charging. Fully electric cars can only be charged by plugging them in a wall outlet installed in your home or at a charging station.

Benefits of Electric Vehicles:

Here are the top benefits of using a fully electric vehicle.

  • No Fuel

The cost of fuel has been on the rise and doesn’t seem like it is going to reduce anytime soon. With an electric car, you will be freed from fuelling your car with either petrol or diesel and save money in the process.

  • Low Maintenance

Compared to a fuel-driven car, an electric four-wheeler has a smaller number of parts. The structure is less complex. Thus, the cost of maintaining such a vehicle is also on the lower side.

  • Reduction in Pollution

Electric cars cause less air pollution and do not deteriorate air quality. These cars also cause less noise pollution.

  • Safety

Electric cars have less scope of damage if involved in a road accident. This can be attributed to their light structure; these cars do not have a heavy construction load.

  • Future

Considering the rate at which the environment is getting damaged, electric cars might be the way ahead. It might be beneficial to get used to electric cars.

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Frequently Asked Questions:

Is it possible to convert a diesel or petrol car into an electric car?

Yes, it is possible to convert a diesel or a petrol car into an electric car with the help of retrofitting.

Is it true that electric cars are less expensive to maintain as compared to fuel-driven cars?

Yes, electric cars are less expensive to maintain as compared to fuel-driven cars because they have less complex machinery to be taken care of.

Can electric cars play an important role in saving our environment?

Fuel-driven cars are taking a huge toll on the environment as they cause air pollution. By going the electric way, cars will not depend upon fuel for their power source and thus there will be a considerable reduction in pollution.

Is changing car engines illegal in India?

You can change your car’s engine in India but you will need prior approval from your Regional Transport Office (RTO) for the same.

What is the average distance that can be covered by an electric car in one charge?

On average, electric cars are capable of covering around 50 to 100 miles in one charge. High-end models such as those by Tesla can cover more than 200 miles in a single charge.

What is the approximate cost for the best electric motor for car conversion?

The approximate cost for converting a car into an electric one with retrofitting can be in the range of rupees four to five lakhs.

Can one save money by going for an electric car?

Fully electric cars do not need fuel. Thus, you will save money on fuel by purchasing a fully electric car. Besides, they are low maintenance as well. 

Can I convert my old car into an electric vehicle?

Yes, it is possible to convert an old car into an electric vehicle. Phasing out initiatives make old cars the best cars to convert to electric. You will have to speak with the professionals to know if your car is conducive to undergoing such a transformation.

How do electric car batteries work?

They need to be charged to stay functional and be able to power the vehicle to move.

What are the Pros and Cons of an electric car?

Like every other machine, electric cars also have their Pros and Cons, have a look. Pros: No fuel, low maintenance, enhanced safety, environment-friendly, future-oriented. Cons: Not enough infrastructure to support such cars as of now.

What’s the appropriate amount of time to charge an electric vehicle?

The answer will differ from one model to another. Please refer to your vehicle’s manual for the right answer.

How to enhance the maximum range of an electric vehicle?

The maximum range/productivity of an electric vehicle can be enhanced by driving in ‘Eco Mode’, leveraging Regenerative Braking, and managing the air conditioning system.

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