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NPS Withdrawal Rules for Premature Withdrawal

TeamAckoOct 23, 2023

Premature withdrawal in the context of the National Pension System (NPS) refers to the act of withdrawing a portion of your accumulated funds before reaching the stipulated retirement age. Unlike casual withdrawals from a savings account, premature withdrawals from NPS are subject to specific rules and conditions.

NPS Withdrawal Rules for Premature Withdrawal



What is the National Pension System?

The National Pension System (NPS) is a retirement savings scheme that allows individuals to save systematically for the long term. It is regulated by the Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA) and is open to all Indian citizens aged 18 to 65. The NPS aims to provide financial security in retirement through disciplined savings over one's working life.

Eligibility for NPS and the Withdrawal Rules

To be eligible to open an NPS account and be subject to the withdrawal rules, individuals must meet certain criteria. Here is a breakdown of the eligibility requirements:

  1. Age: Individuals must be between 18 and 70 years old to open an NPS account.

  2. KYC Requirements: Individuals must satisfy the Know Your Customer (KYC) requirements to open an NPS account. This includes providing valid identification and address proof.

  3. Minimum Contribution: Individuals must make a minimum contribution to their NPS account to keep it active. The minimum contribution amount varies depending on the type of account (Tier 1 or Tier 2) and the frequency of contributions.

Key Points to Remember Regarding Withdrawals

  • Partial Withdrawals: Allowed, but with conditions. Think of it as a lifeline for specific life events like the marriage of children or for education of children.

  • Complete Withdrawal: You can withdraw the entire corpus, but only after meeting certain criteria.

  • Tax Benefits: Some withdrawals come with tax benefits, making them even more attractive.

  • Premature Exit: Exiting the NPS scheme before reaching retirement age is allowed but comes with its own set of rules.

Regulatory Framework: The Rulebook of NPS Withdrawal

The Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA) is in charge of supervising all aspects of the NPS, including investment processes and withdrawal rules.

Here's a Quick Breakdown:




Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA)


Regulates all things NPS, from investment processes to withdrawal rules.

Key Withdrawal Rules

Up to 60% of the NPS corpus can be withdrawn as a lump sum at retirement age.If the NPS corpus is less than Rs. 2,00,000, you can take out the entire amount.You can defer your lump-sum withdrawal until 70 years of age.

Special Cases

Government employees opting for voluntary retirement have their own set of rules.In the unfortunate event of the death of a subscriber, the entire NPS corpus goes to the nominee or legal heir.

Remember, while the NPS offers flexibility, it's essential to understand the withdrawal options and rules. After all, knowledge is power, especially when it comes to finances!

Conditions for Premature Withdrawal

Before proceeding with a premature withdrawal from your NPS account, it's crucial to be aware of the conditions that apply.

Minimum Tenure: A minimum of 10 years of subscription to the NPS is required to be eligible for premature withdrawal.

Withdrawal Limit: Up to 20% of the corpus can be withdrawn prematurely. The remaining amount must be used to purchase an annuity.

Tax Implications: Tax liabilities may apply to certain types of withdrawals, although some are tax-exempt.

Pro Tip: Always check the withdrawal status online to avoid any surprises.

Special Circumstances for Partial Withdrawal

There are specific life events that qualify for partial withdrawal from your NPS account.

The Lifelines:

  1. Critical Illnesses: Conditions like kidney failure or organ transplants are considered valid reasons for partial withdrawal.

  2. Education and Marriage of Children: Expenses related to the education or marriage of your children can be covered through partial withdrawal.

  3. Dependent Parents: In cases where parents are dependent and unwell, partial withdrawal is allowed.

Note: Documentation, including a 'partial withdrawal form' and a 'certificate with proof,' is required for these special circumstances.

How to Apply for NPS Premature Withdrawal

If you've decided to go ahead with premature withdrawal, there are multiple avenues to initiate the process.

Online Requests: Log in to your NPS account, fill out the relevant form, and voila! You've initiated the online withdrawal request.

Offline Withdrawals: For offline procedures, obtain the 'undertaking cum request form,' affix a revenue stamp, and submit it at the nearest bank along with your bank passbook or bank certificate for verification.

Corporate Employees: The withdrawal process is similar for both corporate and government employee subscribers.

Quick Tip: The withdrawal procedure can take up to 3 business days, so plan accordingly.

Tax Implications of Withdrawals During Retirement

The tax implications of withdrawing from the National Pension System (NPS) during retirement are as follows:

Lump-Sum Withdrawal at Retirement

1. Up to 60% of the Corpus: As of my last update in September 2021, up to 60% of the total accumulated corpus can be withdrawn as a lump sum at the time of retirement. Out of this, 40% is completely tax-free. The remaining 20% is taxable as per the individual's income tax slab rate.

Annuity Purchase

Remaining 40%: The remaining 40% of the corpus must be used to purchase an annuity plan. The annuity income that you receive periodically will be subject to income tax as per your applicable tax slab.

Complete Withdrawal

Corpus Below Rs. 2,00,000: If the total corpus is less than Rs. 2,00,000 at the time of retirement, you can withdraw the entire amount. This withdrawal is also tax-free.

Special Cases

Government Employees: Different tax rules may apply to government employees, especially those who opt for voluntary retirement.

Death of the Subscriber: In the unfortunate event of the death of the subscriber, the entire NPS corpus is paid to the nominee or legal heir and is exempt from tax.

It's important to consult a tax advisor for the most current advice, as tax laws and rules can change.

Wrapping up!

Understanding the rules and conditions of NPS withdrawal empowers you to make informed financial decisions. Planning ahead for different life scenarios ensures that you can make the most out of your NPS account. Staying updated on regulatory changes is essential for long-term financial planning.

Final Thought: The NPS is not merely a retirement savings tool; it serves as a versatile financial instrument that can be utilised at various life stages. Use it judiciously to maximise its benefits.

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Below are some of the frequently asked questions on NPS Withdrawal Rules for Premature Withdrawal


Can I claim 100% withdrawal in case of superannuation and premature exit?

Yes, you can claim 100% withdrawal if your NPS corpus is less than Rs. 2,00,000 at the time of superannuation or less than Rs. 1,00,000 for a premature exit.

What's the deal with partial withdrawal?

Partial withdrawal is permitted after 3 years of subscription. However, you are limited to three such withdrawals during the entire tenure of your subscription.

How do I check my withdrawal status?

You can log into your NPS account and navigate to the 'Withdrawal Request Status View.' Alternatively, you can check your status at the nearest Point of Presence Service Provider (PoP/PoP-SP).

Disclaimer: The content on this page is generic and shared only for informational and explanatory purposes. It is based on several secondary sources on the internet, and is subject to changes.


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