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Home / Health Insurance / Articles / Government Schemes / Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY)

Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY)

Team AckoNov 3, 2023

Agriculture is the backbone of India's economy, providing employment to a significant portion of its population. However, the success of agriculture is highly dependent on adequate water supply for irrigation and other agricultural activities.

Recognising this vital aspect, the Indian government introduced the Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY) to enhance water resources and improve irrigation efficiency. Read ahead to know about various facets of PMKSY and its role in transforming Indian agriculture.

Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY)

Contents

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What is Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana?

The Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY) refers to the government’s irrigation and water management scheme launched on 1-7-2015 to reduce the reliance of agriculture on rain. 

This scheme has been approved for nationwide implementation with a budget of Rs. 50,000 crore over a five-year period. The central assistance provided to the State Governments will be based on their utilisation of funds in different years during the five-year period. 

If necessary, the total allocation for this scheme will be enhanced to fulfil the needs of the State Governments, ensuring the successful achievement of the objective to provide Water for Every Farm and Higher Crop Productivity with Less Water.

Features Of Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana

The Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana comprises four major components, each catering to different aspects of water resource management and agricultural development.

1. Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Program

This aims to accelerate the implementation of ongoing irrigation projects to ensure their timely completion. This component focuses on major and medium irrigation projects and seeks to provide financial assistance for their execution.

2. Har Khet Ko Pani

This concentrates on creating new water sources, developing water storage structures, and promoting efficient water distribution networks. It also encourages the adoption of water-saving technologies like sprinklers and drip irrigation.

3. Per Drop More Crop (PDMC)

This is an essential component that promotes water-use efficiency through micro-irrigation techniques. It provides financial support to farmers for adopting technologies that help optimise water usage while increasing crop yield.

4. Watershed Development

This aims to conserve rainwater, improve soil health, and increase the vegetation cover in rain-fed areas. This leads to better groundwater recharge and sustainable agricultural practices.

Beneficiaries Of Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana

The scheme is designed to help the agricultural sector and farmers

  • Farmers of any class or division.

  • Farmers who own or possess land/s

  • Members of self-help organizations, trust cooperative societies, and producer farmer groups 

  • Farmers who cultivate land that’s on a lease

  • Farmers who are Indian citizens only

Documents Required To Register For Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchai Yojana

Anyone interested in the scheme must have the below documents:

  • Aadhar card

  • Address proof

  • Domicile certificate of state

  • Passport size photographs 

  • Mobile number

  • Bank account passbook

  • Agricultural land papers

  • House certificate

  • Caste certificate

Objectives of The Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana

Here are the scheme’s key objectives.

  • It aims to bring together investments in irrigation, focus on water use efficiency, expand coverage of irrigation facilities, and improve farm productivity. 

  • The program focuses on efficient water resource usage to maximise agricultural output and promote sustainable practices. 

  • Additionally, the scheme aims to explore how to reutilise treated municipal wastewater and bring increased private investment. 

  • The scheme also seeks to bring together various Ministries, Departments, Agencies, Research & Financial Institutions involved in water creation, usage, recycling, and potential recycling under a common platform. This allows for a comprehensive and holistic view of the entire "water cycle," enabling proper water budgeting for all sectors, including households, agriculture, and industries.

PMKSY: Ministry and tasks

The following ministries are involved in the programme. Here’s a table highlighting the tasks they perform. 

Ministry

Overview of tasks

Ministry of Rural Development

Undertake rainwater conservation as part of the Integrated Watershed Management Programme.

Ministry of Water Resources

Focuses on completing ongoing projects of the Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme, manufacturing of diversion canals, etc. 

Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare

Undertake activities related to water harvesting structures and measures to augment groundwater.

The Department of Agriculture Cooperation & Farmers Welfare

Promoting crop diversification and implementing crop water budgeting to achieve the objective of "Per Drop More Crop."

Effective implementation of Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana

For effective implementation, the programme architecture adopts a decentralised approach at the state level, with a focus on empowering states to come up with their plans as per the District Irrigation Plan (DIP). A committee is responsible for finalising the DIP at the district level.

Additionally, the State Irrigation Plan (SIP) will be a combination of DIPs, serving as a platform with regards to activities pertaining to the water sector and the application of science & technology. The SIP aims to ensure a coordinated and effective approach to water management and development within the state.

PMKSY-Per Drop More Crop facilities

The programme provides the following facilities to farmers, as per the approval in the State Sanctioning Committee (SSC) and inclusion in the DIP.

1. Micro Irrigation

This consists of Drip Irrigation and Sprinkler Irrigation. 

2. Other interventions

Other interventions include micro-level water storage facilities, devices to lift water, pipes, and storage systems. 

Wrapping up!

The PMKSY scheme is made to help farmers increase their income by attracting more investment towards the agriculture sector. Schemes like the PMKSY need to be welcomed and ensure it is implemented effectively. After all, agriculture is the backbone of the country and any scheme that helps in the betterment of the farmers will only help strengthen the welfare of the country. 

Frequently Asked Questions (FAQs)

Here’s a list of FAQs related to Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana.

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What are the key objectives of PMKSY?

The main objectives include enhancing irrigation coverage, improving water use efficiency, promoting sustainable water resource development, encouraging convergence, and benefiting small and marginal farmers.

What roles do Member of Parliament (MP)/Member of Legislative Assembly (MLA) play in planning and implementation of PMKSY?

The valuable suggestions and recommendations of MPs and MLAs are duly considered and included in the plans, giving highest priority to the inputs of the Member of Parliament of that specific district.

How is subsidy release to the beneficiary carried out?

To ensure efficient subsidy disbursement, farmers can apply for the scheme either through the MIS system (online) or in offline mode. The subsidy will be released to the beneficiary electronically through the Direct Benefit Transfer (DBT) mechanism. 

What is the GST when it comes to the Micro Irrigation Systems?

The rate is 12%. 

How to benefit from this scheme?

Farmers can reach out to the nearest Office of the Agricultural Department or the District Agriculture Officer/District Horticulture Officer for further information and to avail the benefits under PMKSY.

How does PMKSY promote water use efficiency?

PMKSY promotes water use efficiency through the "Per Drop More Crop" component, which encourages farmers to adopt micro-irrigation techniques that optimise water usage and increase crop yield.

Disclaimer: The content on this page is generic and shared only for informational and explanatory purposes. It is based on several secondary sources on the internet, and is subject to changes. Please consult an expert before making related decisions. 

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