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COVID-19: Dos and Don'ts after taking the Coronavirus vaccine

Team AckoMay 23, 2024

Millions of Indians have received both doses of the COVID-19 vaccine. While it may not offer complete protection against the virus, vaccination significantly reduces the severity of illness and mitigates its harmful effects. This underscores the importance of widespread vaccination efforts in controlling the spread of COVID-19 and protecting public health, emphasising the collective benefit of immunisation in combating the pandemic. This article lists the dos and don'ts after taking the coronavirus vaccine to help you understand the best course of action after vaccination. Take a look.





Types of COVID-19 vaccines

The following table lists different types of COVID-19 vaccines with their examples.

Type Description Example
Replicating Viral Vector Contains viral genetic material concealed inside a safe, self-replicating virus. NA
Non-Replicated Viral Vector Contains viral genetic material concealed inside a different safe virus that is unable to replicate itself. iNCOVACC , Sputnik Light , SputnikV , Jcovden , Vaxzevria , Covishield
Virus-like Particles (VLP) Carries viral proteins that imitate the virus's structure but lack genetic material. NA
Protein Subunit Contains viral proteins that have been isolated and purified. NA
Live-Attenuated Contains weaker versions of the virus NA
Inactivated Contains dead copies of the virus. Covaxin
DNA-based and RNA-based Carries genetic material from the virus, such as mRNA, which contains instructions for producing viral proteins. GEMCOVAC-19 , Spikevax

Why do children need a COVID-19 vaccine?

Vaccinating children against COVID-19 significantly reduces their chances of severe illness and hospitalisation, mitigating rare but possible adverse effects. Vaccination offers proactive protection by shielding them from infection, safeguarding their well-being, and improving community immunity. This proactive measure secures children's health and plays a crucial role in stopping virus transmission and shielding vulnerable populations. It's a pivotal step toward creating a safer environment for all, ensuring children can thrive while contributing to the broader effort of ending the pandemic's grip on society.

Precautions to consider before taking the Covid-19 vaccine

Certain precautions must be taken before receiving the COVID-19 vaccine. Individuals who have recently recovered from a coronavirus infection within the last one-and-a-half months, have undergone blood plasma therapy, or received monoclonal antibodies should refrain from vaccination to avoid potential complications or interference with the immune response.

Those with allergies to specific medications should seek clearance from a healthcare professional before vaccination. The Serum Institute of India advised against administering the Covishield vaccine to individuals severely allergic to any of its ingredients, emphasising the importance of safety measures tailored to individual health conditions.

Pregnant and lactating mothers are advised against receiving the COVID-19 vaccine as they have not been included in clinical trials. This precautionary measure aims to ensure the safety of both the mother and the baby, considering the limited data available regarding the vaccine's effects on pregnancy and breastfeeding.

It is essential to prioritise overall health and well-being before vaccination. Eating a balanced diet and staying relaxed can bolster the body's immune response and contribute to a smoother vaccination experience. These preparatory steps underscore the importance of informed decision-making and proactive health management in vaccination, promoting safety and efficacy for all individuals.

Coronavirus vaccine: Do’s

It is recommended to do the following things after getting the COVID-19 vaccine.

Wait at the vaccination centre

After vaccination, one should wait at the location for at least 20 minutes. This makes it easier to identify and treat anyone experiencing adverse effects of the vaccination.

2. Keep hydrated

People report experiencing fever, lethargy, body aches, and headaches after vaccination. Keeping hydrated enough can lessen the effect of these side effects of the COVID-19 vaccination.

3. Include seasonal fruits in your diet

You should include seasonal fruits in your diet. These typically contain many vitamins and minerals and help control the side effects of the vaccine.

4. Eat immunity-enhancing food items

An immunity booster diet is one that is full of green vegetables, turmeric, and garlic. Also, after taking the COVID-19 vaccine, there are no restrictions on eating chicken or other meat. Eating a healthy diet can help fight off any infections.

5.Use cold bandages

After receiving the Covishield/Covaxin, some people may develop a fever. You can manage the symptoms with routine medical care and using cold bandages (cold compress for fever).

6. Rest well

Immune function is suppressed by lack of sleep, and the body works too hard to deal with the symptoms. Thus, before and after receiving the COVID-19 vaccine, getting seven to eight hours of sleep can help the body recover. 

7. Inform the doctor about routine medicines you take

If a person has comorbidities, they should speak to a doctor before getting vaccinated. A patient who has sensitivities to any vaccine should alert their doctor in advance. Also, anyone on steroids or blood thinners should check with their doctor before getting the COVID-19 vaccine.

8. Refrain from heavy physical activity

After receiving the COVID-19 vaccine, one must refrain from heavy lifting and physical exercise.

9. Breastfeed your baby if you are lactating

According to the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, women who are pregnant or nursing can get vaccinated against COVID-19. They also recommend breastfeeding to ensure that their infant receives antibodies through breast milk.

10. Take measures against COVID-19

After receiving a COVID-19 vaccination, individuals should keep taking the proper measures against this disease. These include wearing a mask, thoroughly washing and sanitising hands, and practising social distancing, particularly in crowded places.

Also, read: Coronavirus Helpline Number in India

Coronavirus vaccine: Don’ts

One should avoid doing the following things after getting vaccinated against COVID-19.

Don’t stop wearing a mask and taking precautions: Many individuals believe that vaccinations completely protect against COVID-19. But that’s not the case. Thus, you must continue to take precautions, such as wearing a mask in crowded places. 

Don’t smoke or consume alcohol for some days: You should refrain from consuming tobacco or alcohol for a few days following the vaccine. Alcohol and cigarette use, according to UNICEF, can impair immunity levels and reduce the efficiency of vaccines in the body.

Avoid long-sleeved shirts: Wear a loose, short-sleeved shirt to stay comfortable as the vaccine is administered on your shoulder.

Don’t skip other vaccinations: It is advised to speak with a doctor to be on track for a regular plan for all vaccinations.

Don’t ignore your health if you experience side effects for a longer time: If side effects from the COVID-19 vaccination do not subside, see a doctor. 

Avoid "vaccine shopping": Take whatever vaccine (official) is provided to you and avoid spending time "vaccine shopping" as timely vaccination is critical.  

Taking an over-the-counter pain medicine and a COVID-19 vaccine

Refrain from taking medication before receiving a COVID-19 vaccine to avoid potential discomfort, as their impact on vaccine efficacy remains uncertain. However, it's permissible to take such medication post-vaccination unless medically contraindicated. It's crucial to ensure no underlying medical conditions prohibit their use. 

Taking medication after vaccination, if necessary, can help alleviate any discomfort experienced, such as fever or soreness. Yet, pre-vaccine medication might interfere with the body's natural response to the vaccine, potentially affecting its effectiveness. 

Prioritising a clear understanding of medical guidance surrounding vaccination procedures ensures optimal protection against COVID-19 while minimising any associated risks or uncertainties. Always consult healthcare professionals for personalised advice regarding medication use in relation to vaccination.

COVID-19 vaccines and heart-health

COVID-19 vaccines may rarely cause myocarditis or pericarditis, inflammation of the heart muscle or its lining. Most cases, reported mainly in males aged 12 to 39, occur within a week after the second vaccine dose. If symptoms like chest pain, shortness of breath, or irregular heartbeat arise, seek medical attention promptly. Consult a healthcare professional before receiving further vaccine doses if myocarditis or pericarditis develops after vaccination. Most individuals recover with rest and appropriate medication.

Allergic reaction signs

Experiencing hives, swelling, or wheezing after a COVID-19 vaccination warrants immediate medical attention, even if symptoms seem to diminish. Promptly informing your healthcare provider is essential for evaluating potential allergic reactions. Depending on the severity of the reaction, a second dose of the same vaccine might be deemed ineligible, but alternative vaccination options are available. 

Although rare, vaccine allergies require careful management to ensure safety. Consulting your healthcare provider is crucial for guidance, including exploring potential alternatives or undergoing further evaluation. Timely attention to adverse reactions is paramount for optimal health management and to mitigate potential risks associated with vaccination. 

Your healthcare provider can provide personalised advice and support tailored to your specific situation, ensuring the best course of action for your health and well-being. Always prioritise communication with medical professionals to address any concerns or adverse reactions effectively and ensure a safe vaccination experience.

Alcohol and Covid-19 vaccination

The Union Health Ministry asserts that consuming alcohol post-vaccination does not diminish the efficacy of the Covid-19 vaccine, as no evidence supports such impairment. Globally, experts concur that alcohol consumption does not hinder the development of antibodies in response to the vaccine. This reassurance allows individuals to make informed choices regarding their post-vaccination activities, alleviating concerns about alcohol's potential impact on immunisation effectiveness.

Getting a COVID-19 vaccination certificate

After receiving the first dose of a COVID-19 vaccine, individuals can obtain a provisional vaccination certificate comprising crucial details such as name, date of birth, beneficiary reference ID, photo, vaccine name, hospital name, and vaccination date. This certificate can be downloaded from either the Co-WIN portal (cowin. gov. in) or the Aarogya Setu app. It serves as temporary proof of vaccination until the completion of the vaccination schedule.

Upon receiving the second dose, individuals will receive a notification confirming the completion of their vaccination schedule. This message will include a link to download the digital certificate of vaccination, which contains comprehensive information about the individual's immunisation status, including both doses administered. This digital Covid certificate holds significance for travel, entry to certain venues, and other purposes requiring proof of vaccination.

To ensure safekeeping and accessibility, individuals can save this digital certificate in the DigiLocker mobile app. DigiLocker provides a secure platform for storing electronic copies of essential documents, offering convenience and reliability in accessing vital records on the go. By utilising these digital platforms, individuals can easily manage and present their vaccination certificates as needed, contributing to the efficient implementation of vaccination programs and facilitating safer interactions within communities.

Downloading Covid-19 vaccine certificate

To access your vaccination certificate on the Aarogya Setu app, ensure you're logged in with the mobile number used for vaccine registration. Navigate to the Co-Win tab and select "Vaccination Certificate." Input your beneficiary reference ID and tap "Get Certificate." This process provides easy access to your vaccination records, aiding in verifying and documenting your immunisation status.

Frequently asked questions

Here are some common questions and answers about the COVID-19 vaccine


Are COVID-19 vaccines effective?

Yes, according to the World Health Organisation, COVID-19 vaccines are effective. However, remember that like any other vaccine, they do not completely protect everyone who receives a shot.

How much time does a COVID-19 vaccine take to develop protection?

Most people develop protection against COVID-19 a few weeks after receiving a dose.

Can someone who has a COVID-19 infection get vaccinated?

A person with a COVID-19 infection may put others at risk at the immunisation site. Infected people should postpone vaccination and speak to their doctor regarding when they can get vaccinated.

Is the vaccination required for someone who has recovered from COVID?

Yes, regardless of a prior history of COVID-19 infection, it is advised to receive the full course of COVID vaccination. This will aid in creating a powerful immune response to fight the illness.

Is it possible to receive the COVID-19 vaccine before registering with the health department?

No, to receive a COVID-19 vaccination, the beneficiary must register with the health department using the CoWIN mobile application. 

Disclaimer: The content on this page is generic and shared only for informational and explanatory purposes. It is based on several secondary sources on the internet. Please consult a doctor before making any health-related decisions.

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