In today’s car market in India, there are so many options when it comes to size, style and shape. Car manufacturers in India are researching and developing different types of cars to suit the varied needs of the Indian customer. To help you understand and choose the right type of car, we have compiled different types of cars in India along with examples so that you can make an informed decision.

Different Types of Cars in India – Car Body Types - Acko

Car Body Types:

The Indian car market is complex with automobile manufacturers developing exclusive types of cars car body types for the Indian customers. Whether you’re buying a new or a used car, it’s important to know which car is practical and suitable for you. In this article, get to know the list of different types of vehicles and list of car types in India:

Different Types of Cars in the Indian Market:

Below are the types of cars available in the Indian market along with examples to help you understand them better:

Hatchback:

Hatchback Car

This type of car is a small car with a rear door which opens upwards revealing the boot space to keep your luggage. Excluding the rear door, hatchbacks are built with four-doors, while two-door hatchbacks are also available in the market. Most hatchbacks use the front-wheel drivetrain to propel the vehicle, while performance-oriented hatchbacks can be either a rear-wheel or front-wheel drive. Below are some of the best hatchbacks in India:

  • Maruti Suzuki Alto
  • Renault Kwid
  • Hyundai i10
  • Volkswagen Polo
  • Maruti Suzuki Baleno
  • Hyundai i20
  • Tata Tiago
  • Maruti Suzuki Swift
  • Hyundai Grand i10
  • Maruti Suzuki WagonR

Also, read: Connected Cars: What is it? Features and Benefits

Sedan/Saloon/Notchback:

Sedan Car

The main feature of a sedan is that it is designed with separate passenger and boot space. Sedans feature four-doors and a boot or trunk. A sedan is designed as a 3-box configuration vehicle — engine, passenger and cargo. The word sedan is used in American English, while the word saloon is used in British English.

As for notchbacks, these are sedans with a less pronounced boot or trunk space. They are sedans with a hatchback rear. Apart from notchbacks, sedans can be further sub-categorised as fastback, compact or subcompact. Below are some of the best sedans in India:

  • Honda City
  • Maruti Suzuki Ciaz
  • Volkswagen Vento
  • Skoda Rapid
  • Skoda Octavia
  • BMW 3-Series
  • Mercedes-Benz S-Class
  • Toyota Corolla
  • Hyundai Elantra

Compact Sedan:

Compact Sedan Car

The Indian car market is complex and the needs of customers are sometimes different compared to other countries. One such is the compact cars. These cars measure less than four-metres in length and enjoy tax benefits from the Indian government.

To take advantage of the pricing factor, Indian car manufacturers developed car body types which are exclusive to India. The compact sedan is one such exclusive type of car. While these cars look like a sedan with four-doors and a boot or trunk, space is much lesser compared to the regular sedan. Below are some of the best compact sedans in India:

  • Maruti Suzuki Dzire
  • Honda Amaze
  • Hyundai Xcent
  • Tata Tigor
  • Volkswagen Ameo

Coupe:

Coupe

A coupe is a two-door car with a sloping roofline, giving it a sporty stance. Most of these coupes come with a powerful engine and feature two-seats or come with smaller rear seats. However, in recent times, coupes are designed with four-doors while its characteristics remain sporty in nature. 

While this type of car is not the preferred choice by the masses in India, there are global manufacturers selling this type of cars in India for a small category of drivers. Below are some of the best coupes in India:

  • Ford Mustang
  • Audi R8
  • Mercedes Benz GLE Coupe

Micro Car:

Micro Car

Car manufacturers strive to offer a good product which is both inexpensive and practical to drive, especially in developing countries. Micro-cars have the advantage of cheaper running costs yet offer the convenience of a four-wheeler. 

While luxury car makers offer microcars which are super compact with a powerful engine, they are expensive. In India, to make cars affordable, carmakers developed microcars exclusive to India. Example of a microcar in India:

  • Tata Nano

CUV/Crossover:

CUV

CUV or Crossover Utility Vehicles exterior is designed with the combination of a Sports Utility Vehicles (SUVs) and a hatchback. Crossover vehicles have soft off-roading capabilities but do not perform like an SUV. Below are some of the best crossovers in India:

  • Tata Tiago NRG
  • Volvo V40 Cross Country
  • Ford Freestyle
  • Hyundai i20 Active
  • Volkswagen Polo Adventure
  • Honda WR-V
  • Volkswagen Cross Polo

Crossover Hatchback:

Crossover Hatchback

These types of cars are essentially hatchbacks with an exterior and feel of an SUV but do not qualify to be called an SUV. The Indian market is competitive and customers prefer a compact or a small four-wheeler but with an SUV design language. Below are some of the best crossover hatchbacks in India:

  • Maruti Suzuki S-Presso
  • Renault Kwid
  • Ford Freestyle
  • Tata Tiago NRG
  • Hyundai i20 Active
  • Volkswagen Cross Polo
  • Maruti Suzuki S-Cross

MPV/Minivan:

MPV

MPV or Multi-Purpose Vehicles are people carriers and designed to offer more space and seats with either two, three or more rows of seating. This type of vehicle is also called MUV (Multi-Utility Vehicle). MPVs are usually designed like a van for maximum interior space. Below are some of the best MPVs in India:

  • Maruti Suzuki Ertiga
  • Toyota Innova Crysta
  • Renault Triber
  • Mahindra Marazzo
  • Maruti Suzuki Ertiga XL6
  • Honda BR-V
  • Maruti Suzuki Eeco
  • Mercedes-Benz V-Class
  • Renault Lodgy

SUV (Sports Utility Vehicle):

SUV (Sports Utility Vehicle)

SUVs are built with the combination of passenger cars with features of off-road vehicles. This includes higher ground clearance, four-wheel drive, and other off-roading capabilities. SUVs are large in size with big wheels and boast of different terrain capabilities. 

In recent times, SUVs are increasingly being used in urban roads and not for off-roading purposes, hence, these SUVs can be either soft or hard off-road vehicles. Below are some of the best SUVs in India:

  • Toyota Fortuner
  • Ford Endeavour
  • Jeep Compass
  • Range Rover
  • MG Hector
  • Mahindra Alturas
  • Tata Safari
  • BMW X5
  • Mercedes-Benz GLC

Crossover SUV:

Crossover SUV

Based on hatchbacks, these vehicles look like SUVs. Their handling and maintenance is equivalent to sedans; however, they have SUV-like features such as high ground clearance, bigger wheels, plastic cladding around the body, etc. Below are some of the best crossover SUVs in India:

  • Hyundai Creta
  • Renault Captur
  • Nissan Kicks
  • Renault Duster

Coupe SUV:

Coupe SUV

Just like the coupe, which has a sloping roofline, the coupe SUVs are designed with a sloping roofline. These vehicles look stylish yet have the features and specifications of an SUV. Below are some of the best coupe SUVs in India:

  • BMW X4
  • Mercedes-Benz GLE Coupe
  • Audi Q8

Compact SUV:

Compact SUV

The current Indian automobile market trend is the compact SUV. These are the smallest of the SUVs. Generally, compact SUVs measure less than 4-meters; however, they offer the design language of an SUV with higher ground clearance, bigger wheels and a tall stance. Below are some of the best compact SUVs in India:

  • Maruti Suzuki Brezza
  • Tata Nexon
  • Mahindra XUV300
  • Ford EcoSport

4-Door Coupe:

4-Door Coupe

A regular coupe with four-doors is known as the 4-door coupe. The design language is similar to that of a coupe with a sloping roofline and powerful engine, but with four-doors instead of the two. The 4-door coupe was designed keeping practicality in mind so it’s easier for the rear passengers to ingress and egress from the car. Below are some of the best 4-door coupe:

  • Mercedes-AMG GT
  • BMW 6 Series Gran Coupe
  • Audi A5 Sportback
  • Aston Martin Rapide S
  • Tesla Model S

Station Wagon:

Station Wagon

Also known as estate cars, station wagons are based on the sedan car body type with an extended roofline that merges passenger and boot compartment. The biggest difference between a sedan and a station wagon is the bigger boot or cargo area. Below are some of the best station wagons in India that are currently being manufactured or were available in the market:

  • Tata Indigo Marina
  • Maruti Baleno Altura
  • Skoda Octavia Combi
  • Open Corsa Swing
  • Tata Estate
  • Fiat Weekend
  • Fiat Palio Adventure
  • Mercedes-Benz E-Class All Terrain
  • Volvo V90 Cross Country

Convertible/Spyder/Cabriolet:

Convertible

Convertible is popularly referred to as an ‘Open-Top’ car. This type of car comes with a soft or a hardtop. 

They are also referred to as cabriolet or roadster or spyder. Usually, they feature a retractable rooftop. Below are some of the best convertibles in India:

  • Ferrari California T
  • Audi A3 Cabriolet
  • Mercedes-AMG SLC 43
  • Range Rover Evoque Convertible
  • Ferrari 488 Spyder
  • Mini Cooper Convertible

Hybrid Cars:

Hybrid Cars

To produce cars which are eco-friendly and offer better performance, car manufacturers have developed hybrid cars. Hybrid cars combine the petrol or diesel engine with at least one electric motor. While the electric motor might do all the job, sometimes it is the petrol or diesel engine and sometimes both work in tandem. This leads to lower consumption of fuel. 

However, the cost of hybrid cars is quite high. Hence, car manufacturers in India are offering mild-hybrid cars which do reduce consumption but not as extensive as a pure hybrid vehicle. Below are some of the best hybrid cars in India:

  • MG Hector
  • Toyota Glanza
  • Toyota Camry
  • Honda Accord
  • Toyota Prius
  • Lexus RX
  • Lexus NX
  • Volvo XC90
  • Lexus LC

Pick-Up Truck:

Pick-Up Truck

Traditionally a commercial vehicle, pick-up trucks have evolved to become a personal vehicle. Pick-up trucks, as the name suggests, have a cargo area to carry or transport goods, while it also offers the space inside for passengers. While there are regular commercial pick-ups, car manufacturers have equipped the pick-up trucks with features of an SUV like 4-wheel drive and other off-roading capabilities. Below are some of the best pick-up trucks in India:

  • Isuzu D-Max V-Cross
  • Tata Xenon
  • Mahindra Imperio
  • Mahindra Scorpio Getaway
  • Mahindra Bolero Camper

Electric Cars:

Electric Cars

Electric cars are powered by batteries and do not employ an internal combustion engine, unlike petrol or diesel engines. Electric vehicles (EVs) require their batteries to be charged and can run for a certain range. With a maximum emphasis on the eco-friendly automobiles and the effort to reduce carbon footprint, countries across the globe are moving towards electrification of passenger, public and transport vehicles. Below are the types of electric cars that are available or are being developed by car manufacturers:

  • Electric SUV Cars: With Indian customers preferring SUVs over other types of cars, carmakers have begun offering electric SUVs to customers. Below are some of the best electric SUV cars in India:
    • Tata Nexon EV
    • MG ZS EV
    • Hyundai Kona
    • Mahindra eKUV100
  • Electric Sedan Cars: These are sedans which are powered by batteries and do not have an internal combustion engine. While it might be an electric vehicle, the shape or the design language is of a sedan or a saloon. Below are some of the best electric sedan cars in India:
    • Mahindra e-Verito
    • Tata Tigor EV
  • Electric Hatchback Cars: Hatchbacks continue to be the most selling car in India, and electric hatchbacks are not far off in the Indian market. Electric hatchbacks derive power from batteries and the shape or the design resembles that of a hatchback. Below are some of the best electric hatchback cars in India:
    • Mahindra e2o Plus
    • Mahindra eKUV100

Importance of Car Insurance:

In India, Third-Party vehicle insurance is mandatory and a legal requirement under the Motor Vehicles Act, 1988. Apart from the mandatory Third-Party cover, insuring your car with the Comprehensive insurance will provide financial cover in the event of your car being damaged. Accidents may occur and knowing that you are financially protected with the Comprehensive car insurance policy, it’s reassuring that you and your car is well shielded in case of any unfortunate mishap.


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